IGAD says President Kiir’s Creation of New 28 States “Violates” Peace Agreement

President Salva Kiir while signing on the agreement - 26 Aug-2015

President Salva Kiir while signing on the agreement – 26 Aug-2015

Oct 15, 2015 (Nyamilepedia) – The IGAD has called the sudden attempt to create 28 new States in South Sudan by President Salva Kiir a “Violation” to the IGAD-Plus mediated Compromise peace agreement.

In a statement released early this week by the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan, who mediated the Compromise Peace Agreement for resolution of the conflict in South Sudan, says Salva Kiir’s order violates key provisions of the peace agreement.

The regional body called on President Kiir to suspend the decision for creation of new 28 states until a later date to give chance for the smooth and full implementation of the peace agreement.

The IGAD Envoys statement letter was send to all the Parties involved in the peace agreement.

The letter clearly states that the new establishment of 28 states violates the Provisions of the peace agreement which endorsed the agreement based on power sharing in 10 states.

The constitution of South Sudan also recognizes only 10 states as making up the official National boundaries of South Sudan.

A key provisions of the peace agreement stipulates that the process of “devolution of power and resources” to the lower levels of the government should be enacted during the process of drafting a new permanent constitution.

Another Provision of the peace agreement also states that during the transitional period a “Federal and Democratic System” will be developed through the constitutional making process.

Salva Kiir’s order also violates the provision on power sharing which is based only on South Sudan’s current 10 states.

According to the peace agreement, the parties to the peace agreement will share power in the 10 states whereby the government would have 46% of Power in the 3 main states of Greater Upper Nile and 85% in the rest of the 7 states, meanwhile the SPLM-IO would have 40% of power in the 3 Upper Nile States, the position of the 3 governors of the states and 15% in all the remaining 7 states, The SPLM Former Political Detainees and Other Political Parties will retain 7% each in the 3 Upper Nile States.

The IGAD statement said such unilateral action would be a setback for the peace process and would drag the parties backwards into endless negotiations which could Jeopardise the peace process.

The Special Envoys said President Kiir’s order is contrary to the position of the government during the peace process in Addis Ababa when the government of Salva Kiir rejected any addition of new states or creation of new states saying it would only be done through the constitution process or through a referendum.

During the IGAD peace process the armed opposition, SPLM/SPLA, under the leadership of Dr Riek Machar, presented an expansion proposal to created 21 federal states based on the former colonial districts with clear boundaries but Salva Kiir’s government rejected the idea.

Trying to overcome resistance and condemnations, president Salva Kiir has given parliament a green light to stage the Republic Decree in national parliament as a bill for approval.

In other reports, the proposal has claimed nearly one hundred lives in Kiir’s hometown of Warrap state over the newly proposed borders.

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5 comments

  • IGAD’s should not be surprised of this recent violation of the peace agreement. There were prior violations to the agreement.

    First of all I don’t know which violation of the agreement is worst

    1) – Juba Faction’s deadly attacks against citizens in Equatoria, Upper Nile, Unity State & Jonglei.

    2) – The attacks of the military positions of the Oppositions orchestrated by none other than Jaang extremists who called themselves South Sudan government army.

    3) – The rediculous behavior of Jaang Councils of Elders in their Oct/2/2015 move that not only outraged some citizens but equally shocked the world with a petulant, nonchalant decree creating states out of thin air clearly violating the peace agreement and the South Sudan Constitution of 2011.

    4) – Past due dateline for the withdrawal of all foreign forces, mercenaries allied to Juba as to kick start the demilitarizaction of the capital Juba.

    Instead of IGADs members taking on whistle blowers role crying out loud that they(Juba & the notorious JCE) are violating the agreement again; what are the mechanisms in which IGADs as a credible institution should take to discouraged Juba’s unacceptable repeatative behavior of violations.

    Simple implimentable suggestions:
    – sanctions
    – deligitamized Juba’s genocidal regime’s status.
    – Open an international criminal enquiry case against Juba officials
    – send all their embassies symbol of oppression packing back to Juba.
    – Close down all financial transaction and trade channel.
    – Advice tyrant Kiir that he has loss his credibility along with his legitimacy since Dec/2013 Juba Crimes against citizens and therefore he much not be rewarded with support that maintain him in power.

  • Exactly like the mundukuru (an arab) of Khartoum. Dr. John Garang told them please Jalaba, do not always Climb to the top of the tree and announce the division of the wealth of Our country. You need to come Down to the bottom of the tree and let us divide Our Resources together.
    The JENGELON COUNCIL OF EDLERS wants to divide Our country into Peaces to grab Our land in Juba, Nimule, Yei, etc. We will never allow you to do that. You must wait until all of us sit under Our mango tree and we all decide how we will divide Our soil.
    Hahahahah…..do not hurry up, we first need Peace because it is only by Peace we will kick your batacks and all Your cows out of Greator Equatoria. We need true Democracy. We voted for Kiir last time only because we wanted to be free from the MUNDUKURU. We must be free from the JCE as well. This is why we are fighting for true FEDERAL RULE not Your fake one which was cooked in a bar while holding a glass of liqour.

    My name is DINGIT NA TUGGÖ, in Bari Language it means only time can explain. Time is telling us that all Your tactics are known by everybody. You just want to cling to Power. Remember the song of Bob Marley: you can fool People some but you can’t fool them all the time………………….Now you can even gues for Yourselves that time has turn against you. It is you fooling yourselves.

  • DINGIT NA TUGGÖ, for yours information, creation of 28 States can let Dinka to leave Equatoria to develops their own State.

  • Deng 2, for Your informtion, know that we already know that Your cows will leave Greater Equatoria but. But that is not the only case. We want true FEDERAL RULE wich is discussed by all tribes not only by jce. We need you stopping land grabbing not only in equatoria but also in the chollo land. We need true democarcy not bureaucracy of the dinkacracy.

    Thank you for realising the truth. I believe that you already know that all the other tribes hate the way you behave.

  • IGAD Plus is not doing enough to curtail Kiir’s inhumane behaviour. This killer should be looked into his eyes and be told to STOP killing innocent people. Uganda MUST withdraw from the country, and IGAD plus should vigorously tell Moseveni to quit immediately within 24 hours.

    Kiir and his tribal killing machine knows very well that they will not withstand popular uprising without UPDF. IGAD plus as a mediator should take the lead to impose the implementation of the agreement. Disolve the so called tribal SPLA and form a new national army for the country. This current SPLA has failed the country and must be trashed in the bin.

    SPLA has failed to achieve their mirage the “united sudan on new principals” and they have also failed to administer South Sudan which was not of their dream.

    Trash SPLA, the jengge tribal failed army.