IGAD says President Kiir’s Creation of New 28 States “Violates” Peace Agreement
Oct 15, 2015 (Nyamilepedia) – The IGAD has called the sudden attempt to create 28 new States in South Sudan by President Salva Kiir a “Violation” to the IGAD-Plus mediated Compromise peace agreement.
In a statement released early this week by the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan, who mediated the Compromise Peace Agreement for resolution of the conflict in South Sudan, says Salva Kiir’s order violates key provisions of the peace agreement.
The regional body called on President Kiir to suspend the decision for creation of new 28 states until a later date to give chance for the smooth and full implementation of the peace agreement.
The IGAD Envoys statement letter was send to all the Parties involved in the peace agreement.
The letter clearly states that the new establishment of 28 states violates the Provisions of the peace agreement which endorsed the agreement based on power sharing in 10 states.
The constitution of South Sudan also recognizes only 10 states as making up the official National boundaries of South Sudan.
A key provisions of the peace agreement stipulates that the process of “devolution of power and resources” to the lower levels of the government should be enacted during the process of drafting a new permanent constitution.
Another Provision of the peace agreement also states that during the transitional period a “Federal and Democratic System” will be developed through the constitutional making process.
Salva Kiir’s order also violates the provision on power sharing which is based only on South Sudan’s current 10 states.
According to the peace agreement, the parties to the peace agreement will share power in the 10 states whereby the government would have 46% of Power in the 3 main states of Greater Upper Nile and 85% in the rest of the 7 states, meanwhile the SPLM-IO would have 40% of power in the 3 Upper Nile States, the position of the 3 governors of the states and 15% in all the remaining 7 states, The SPLM Former Political Detainees and Other Political Parties will retain 7% each in the 3 Upper Nile States.
The IGAD statement said such unilateral action would be a setback for the peace process and would drag the parties backwards into endless negotiations which could Jeopardise the peace process.
The Special Envoys said President Kiir’s order is contrary to the position of the government during the peace process in Addis Ababa when the government of Salva Kiir rejected any addition of new states or creation of new states saying it would only be done through the constitution process or through a referendum.
During the IGAD peace process the armed opposition, SPLM/SPLA, under the leadership of Dr Riek Machar, presented an expansion proposal to created 21 federal states based on the former colonial districts with clear boundaries but Salva Kiir’s government rejected the idea.
Trying to overcome resistance and condemnations, president Salva Kiir has given parliament a green light to stage the Republic Decree in national parliament as a bill for approval.
In other reports, the proposal has claimed nearly one hundred lives in Kiir’s hometown of Warrap state over the newly proposed borders.