RE: “The President Is a Beacon of Kindness, Love and Reconciliation”

 RE: EVENTS IN JUBA, DECEMBER 2013.

By Aguer Rual, Melbourne, Australia.

South Sudan leader, Salva Kiir Mayardiit, has rule his country with iron fist that spiral into civil war  (Photo: BBC)

South Sudan leader, Salva Kiir Mayardiit, has rule the country with iron fist that spiral into a deadly civil war (Photo: BBC)

July 31, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — A recent letter to a website of a South Sudanese, Paanluel Wel, written by South Sudanese members of the SPLM Australian Chapter and decrying the current crisis which has spread from Juba to other key strategic centres in South Sudan, includes among advice for the resolution of the problem the following words:

“The president is a beacon of kindness, love and reconciliation for his people and nation, and would persistently explore all options to restore trust, peace and unity among his citizens, we trust President Kiir and his entire government will restore trust peace and unity among his people…”

To Australian ears words such as “a beacon of kindness, love and reconciliation” sound like childish flattery and would never, never are directed at a Western politician. Kiir is naively described in this letter as “good” but hitherto helpless in the face of vague “government” mismanagement and human rights abuses:

“perhaps he didn’t have [the] right people around him,” as the letter says. Yes, that must be it, of course: history tells us innumerable stories of “good” men in power who mysteriously surround themselves with out-of-control thugs.

What is the context of those sentiments then, when few if any South Sudanese seriously believe there has been a “coup” attempt on Salva Kiir’s presidency – as has been reported widely in Western newspapers – and many legitimate questions can be raised about Kiir’s participation in and statements regarding atrocities carried out by his own Presidential Guards, which he has characterized disingenuously as simply a “misunderstanding”?

Why do even diaspora South Sudanese play the flattery game? Is it because they think the psychological reaction of the President will benefit from such an approach? Or because they are thinking along tribal lines and cannot be fully frank about, let alone condemn, his actions? Or because they are aware of negative ramifications for themselves if and when they return to South Sudan, or even if they remain outside South Sudan, including Australia? Or because they are hoping for lucrative government appointments on returning to South Sudan? Or because they are already receiving payment for espousing the “right” attitude? On 16/12/2013 it was reported that the house of ex-Vice President Riek Machar had been destroyed and all his bodyguards killed, but that Machar had escaped. This was not only horrifying but mystifying. How could Machar have allowed this to happen, especially if, as has been endlessly repeated, he was staging a coup? What kind of “coup” is made up of one dismissed politician and a couple of dozen bodyguards?

Reports came that the Presidential Guards, consisting (largely for the sake of appearance, it seems) of not only Dinkas, the tribe of the President, but also others including Nuers, were on orders disarmed, after which Nuers noticed that Dinkas only were being quietly rearmed. The subsequent murders of Nuers in the ranks were followed by attacks on Nuer civilians in the streets and homes of Juba.

This ethnic massacre spreading from within his own militia – a militia for which we can only presume he is responsible – was the start of the military component of the crisis which had begun as political manouverings of President Kiir: the sacking of the Vice-President and dissolution of Parliament, and the careful fabrication of the “coup” plot, including taking into custody eleven ministers accused of participating in it.

These actions were designed to set the scene for military rule and avoidance of the democratic process, a process unnerving to Kiir whose interests – and the interests of his formerly poor family, clan and village community – are closely bound to the benefits of corrupt rule. (Who in the South Sudanese community is not aware of the properties being bought in foreign countries, privileged students being sent to study abroad and even suitcases full of US dollars being opened at airports outside South Sudan?) Meanwhile, not only are South Sudanese orphans being neglected but still more are being created by the actions of a shamefully compliant military.

Juba is a fast-changing place, and wealth and privilege have been reportedly appearing in a disconcerting fashion; visitors have been shocked by the presence of massive armchairs placed in the churches at Christmas for the politicians and the luxury of the Parliament lounge-rooms, especially when a short bus ride away from Parliament the only hospital in Juba has no electricity in the wards and doctors are obliged to use torches. Also noticeable was another manifestation of privilege: the way in which the President is not only protected from criticism, but elevated on television with a kind of daily reminder bordering on cult-hero worship, while a typical  article in a newspaper printed in Juba dripped with admiration, only coyly suggesting ways he could do “even better”.

Riek Machar, the accused coup leader, enjoys no such protection, despite his equally important role in achieving victory over northern forces and independence for South Sudan. From being dismissed, he has now been ascribed “rebel” status as if he were George Athor or Gatluak and deserving of summary execution. Furthermore, “1991, Bor” is repeatedly invoked by the government and compliant press, for two reasons: one being to dismantle his reputation by suggesting that a man responsible for the massacre of thousands of Dinkas in the past is not fit for public office, let alone the presidency, and the other being a subtle justification for current attacks on Nuer.

The attacks go one way. Nobody is retaliating with “1983 and 1986, Malakal” as a reminder of Kiir’s treachery and inhumanity, when Nuer were killed in great numbers by Kiir’s own Tiger battalion, or his little-mentioned atrocities directed at Twic Dinka victims in Warrap State from 1995 to 1996, or his killing of SPLA commanders and other leaders from 1984 to the 1990s, or his collusion with Khartoum’s Nimieri in a war which was ostensibly being waged against the Islamic regime. And who has brought up Kiir’s invitations to Muslims, since he became President, to “spread their religion” – the religion invoked by Murahileen as they savagely attacked Kiir’s own Dinka people? “Don’t just operate here in Juba”, he said. “Go to Torit, go to Yei, and go to Warrap and other places.”

In Yei locals were indeed unpleasantly surprised by just such a scenario: jellabiya-clad Muslims who were apparently checking a site for its suitability for a new mosque, and their reaction to such development were of anger and dismay.  Many in South Sudan were equally dismayed by Kiir’s government’s invitation to Muslim traders to settle permanently in South Sudan, his praise of their behaviour, and his call for return of confiscated land to Muslims: as if the Islamisation of South Sudan were his first priority after a war specifically waged against forced Islamisation.
The war with Sudan is not over. Sudan still kills Christians in the Nuba Mountains with impunity. South Sudan needs unity and common purpose to resist its persistent enemy and develop prosperity by means of all the manifold resources it is blessed. Salva Kiir could be renowned for building highways to disaffected areas, or for developing efficient regional hospitals, or for creating conditions conducive to utilising the goodwill of the world it has attracted because of its tragic war.

Instead, the President has overseen a government which overly rewards its members, which has created bureaucratic obstacles to development, which has punished the press for less than sycophantic attitudes, and which has stymied the democratic process and blamed the opposition it has attempted to paralyse for violence carried out by the President’s own militia. These are the actions not of a politician but of a gratuitously violent and vindictive soldier.

Furthermore, Kiir has failed to resolve the question of oil revenue and this is the main component of the financial corruption of his regime. Once Khartoum has been paid for transport of the oil through its territory and after the oil is sold overseas, revenue which should be sent to South Sudan for the benefit of its citizens is instead being deposited into foreign banks, to which Kiir and his cronies only have access. Even the salaries of government officials and the armed forces are not paid.

Salva Kiir appears to continue to carry resentment he felt from as far back as 1973, when he was found to not possess the necessary criteria to become an officer in the Sudan Armed Forces. The resentment, jealousy and anger he demonstrated throughout his military career still seem to drive his behaviour. When Kiir joined the SPLA in 1984, there is evidence that he was taking orders and payment directly from Khartoum to betray the movement and therefore the people of South Sudan. After finally being granted status as Military Intelligence Officer he devised a project for training Islamic Security Officers in the Dinka language in Khartoum. He was even assigned the task of eliminating other founder members of the SPLA/M, and indeed he succeeded.

In 2004, he attempted a coup against the late John Garang, who his name is erroneously yet repeatedly linked with as a hero of the liberation of South Sudan, in order to fulfil his secret agreements with Nimeiri and Bashir. The Tiger battalion which carried out his agenda is the same battalion which is now responsible for the atrocities of December 2013. Thus old events have ramifications for the present, including in particular Kiir’s paranoia regarding the democratic process.

Based on Kiir’s military record and character, the inescapable conclusion must be that South Sudan will disintegrate under his leadership. Riek Machar, as well as many other young, qualified and willing South Sudanese people, can be seen in the context of Kiir’s failure as viable alternatives.  What is tragic about the current situation is that so many people are uninformed and therefore unable to make reasonable judgments about the character of either the President or his opponents. We cannot garner the truth from spokespeople for Kiir’s government who are loyal to his interests and not those of the country.

The international community somehow has to ensure that a long-term democratic solution is found for South Sudan, rather than meaningless peace talks which will only prolong the extended crisis. For a start, a human rights criminal investigation, as has been suggested, must be carried out as soon as possible in a frank and fearless way.

Related articles:

Statement regarding Salva Kiir’s betrayal of the people of South Sudan, and his unsuitability for the presidency.

Aguer Rual
Mobile: 0469106648
Email: aguerrual@ymail.com

 

Dr Machar calls for Reviving of SPLM/SPLA Vision and Mission

Updated at 6:50Am, July 31, 2014(PST)

Dr Riek Machar Teny (via Wikipedia)

Dr Riek Machar Teny (via Wikipedia)

July 30, 2014 (Nyamilepedia)- In a gathering where the Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition (PLM-IO) marks the Martyrs day and the nine (9th) departure of Dr John Garang De Mabior in Add is-ababa, Dr Machar calls for reviving of SPLM/SPLA vision and mission.

Dr Riek Machar, the leader of the opposition, said the people of South Sudan are commemorating the Martyrs day and the ninth anniversary, the tragic death of Dr John Garang De Mabior, the former Chairman and Commander in Chief of the SPLA/SPLM and first vice president of the Republic of Sudan and the president of the Government of Southern Sudan in the midst seven months civil war.

The opposition salutes the memory of the Martyrs and all those who sacrificed their lives for the freedom and independence of South Sudan.

Dr Machar, in his remarks, said the county is in a civil war as a consequence of dictatorial tendencies by Salva Kiir Mayardit.

He said in mid 2012 the SPLM|SPLA at the grassroots level denounced what the secretariat referred as the lost  of vision and direction in the country due to incompetency and poor leadership practices.

Dr Machar said our people since the commemoration of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 have been yearning for a democratic, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan in which human rights and dignity of people is respected and upheld.

Machar recalls that these are the ideals for which the South Sudanese people fought and sacrificed their dear lives for. Thus, to Machar and his leadership, it is, therefore, necessary that the SPLM vision must to be restored to revive hopes and dreams of the South Sudanese people.

“It is therefore that respect for our Martyrs and their sacrifices that, I call all of us together to stand up and honor their memory by reviving the mission of SPLM/SPLA” Machar concludes.

Nuer Community of North America is on High Alert about Government Delegations to DC

Mr. Gatluke Chuol Reat, President of Nuer Community in North America...

Mr. Gatluke Chuol Reat, President of Nuer Community in North America…

July 31,2014 (Nyamilepedia) – According to the press released seen by Nyamilepedia, Nuer Community of North America (NCNA) has learned that its  members  have traveled to State of Minnesota U.S.A on the mission the statement regarded as bribery provided by the South Sudan Government’s to the Nuer people in the United State of America.

The NCNA is putting its members  at large on highest alert to immediately take action against those individuals who are on the mission of bribery, the President of Nuer Community in North America said Mr. Gatluke Chuol Reat in an statement.

According to the statement, the purpose of the mission is to;

• To distract the mobilization that is taking place among the Nuer and South Sudanese who are going to Washington on August 5 and 6, 2014 in protest against President Salva Kiir going to Washington.

• And, to convince the Nuer people to go to Washington DC in support of regime that they described in their statement as illegal.

Mr. Gatluke Chuol Reat said, Nuer children and the Children of South Sudanese are dying in all ten states of South Sudan yet the Government is giving each of member about $200,000 dollars to play for the lives of South Sudanese children that most of them perished. Mr. Chuol, said, this is not the first time the information, sourced in the National Archives, became public knowledge.

Nuer Community of North America has responded to this insanity acted and urged its members to do all mean to bring these sellout and traitors to the book. It is true that these individuals who are now in State of Minnesota U.S.A are on the mission each has been given live insurance cash money of 200,000 dollars and $50,000 to bribe any money hungers whom they might found within the Nuer community in the U.S.A and Canada Mr. Chuol said.

Chuol stated in the same letter that, the Nuer Community of North America (NCNA) is calling upon its members to be on high alert and do mean to make sure that these traitors made their deeds. NCNA works to promote the well-being of the Nuer people and the well-being of the South Sudanese, as well as their families, communities, and of their tribes, through activism and advocacy.

Peace is only Ultimate Choice to end Violence in South Sudan!!!

“Fighting for peace is like screwing for virginity.” ― George Carlin

By Peter Gai Manyuon

peter Gai Manyuon ...

peter Gai Manyuon …

July 31, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — In South Sudan, once we talk of peace and harmony, some, disgustedly the enemies of peace and reconciliation would begin to analyze our simple thoughts in complex and different ways. Well, before diving you into my simple perspectives, I would like to put us on the same page by defining peace and reconciliations given that they will dominate this article.

I believe that anyone can define peace and reconciliation base on his or her understanding of these concepts. To me, peace is when people are able to resolve their conflicts without violence, and can work together to improve the quality of lives. Peace is when everyone lives in safety without fear or threat of violence. Peace is when everyone is equal before the rule of law, and when the systems for justice are trusted, fair and effectively protect people’s rights. Peace is when everyone is able to participate in shaping political decisions and the government is accountable to the people. Peace is when everyone has fair and equal access to the basic needs for their wellbeing – such as food, clean water, shelter, education, healthcare and a decent living environment. Peace is when everyone has an equal opportunity to work and make a living, regardless of gender, ethnicity or any other aspect of identity.

On the other hand political reconciliation involves the repairing of damaged relationships among members of a society, a community or a country.

Reconciliation at the societal level intuitively seems necessary to prevent continual wrongdoing and/or reprisals for past wrongdoing. Yet, at the same time, the prospects for actually achieving political reconciliation seem extremely unlikely, precisely in the contexts where it is most needed. In addition, a certain moral unease often accompanies calls for political reconciliation.

A lingering worry as to whether it is permissible to try to foster political reconciliation hovers in the background, considering the extent and character of the horrific violence and wrongdoing that created the need for political reconciliation in the first place.

Moreover, ascertaining the possibility and moral justifiability of the pursuit of political reconciliation depends on first understanding what such reconciliation entails. Reconciliation is often considered synonymous with forgiveness. This implies that the possibility of reconciliation is conditional on the possibility of forgiveness in the aftermath of wrongdoing. Reconciliation’s moral justifiability hinges on the moral permissibility of forgiveness. Hence, who will bring peace to the people of South Sudan?

Many South Sudanese are conscious of who will bring peace back to the people of South Sudan. Others are saying Federalism is the only way to bring peace, other are of the view roundtable discussions is the only option and some are assuming fighting using AK47 is the only mean to end the current crisis.

Absolutely, in the current context where many people have been lost and others are displaced from their Cities and homes, you will find that, it will be very heard to calls people for reconciliation processes but if people are committed and have love for the Country then things can move well without any agitations.

Justification for peace

The author believes that peace can only be achieved through coming together as South Sudanese people and realize our cultural diversity as one nation with one objective, regardless of regionalization that is being practice right now by the enemies of peace. Of course, the enemies of peace are the people who ordered the massacres and mass killings of one Community in Juba. The hatred comes between Nuer (Naath) and Dinka (Jieng) due to misconceptions from Kiir’s loyalists, who assumed that the killing of one tribe will silence the Community of (Naath) to fear, which later came as a U turn and lead to the retaliations and resistance that has taken all of greater Upper Nile and some parts of Bhar-elgazal.

What have the people who killed people in Juba achieved so far? Nothing have been achieve up to date, only they have worsen it to the extent that, have led to destabilization of the whole Country and more so they are waiting for International Criminal Court (ICC) to indict the culprits who killed civilians in Juba and Bor respectively .

Who are supposed to participate in the peace process?

Each and every stakeholder should take part in restoring peace to the people of South Sudan, it is you and I to come up with strategy or good mechanism to convene the dictator to step down and allow the democratization processes to prevail in the Republic of South Sudan. If we keep silence without talking who will advocate for peace and reconciliation in South Sudan?

Overview :

The current Peace and Reconciliation or National Healing Commission headed by Archbishop Daniel Deng Bul is doing nothing as per the peace process is concern in South Sudan. No one will say the commission is doing the needful rather than subrogating the ongoing process in Addisa-baba. The commission is too political, even the people who are running it are too lazy in one-way or the other.

Well people might have a perception that, it was the President who appointed the Management of the commission therefore; they should not do much since the current leadership is the most tyranny government that only focuses on corruption cases, tribalism and sectarianism accompanying by illiteracy but once you are appointed even though by interest, if you really have a sense of humanity, you should do the work that can benefits the entire citizens regardless of political interest behind the scene.

I don’t know what is wrong with the people from the Churches in South Sudan? Pastors have left the work of God for politics. What a disgrace? You go to the Church bible is politicize and even pastors are digressing from the message that, they should pass on to the congregation but they turn it to something else. Oh my God, open your eyes!!!

Hence, having contextualized and analyze the all scenario, I have concluded that, what people should focus on is to have a sense of togetherness and loving each other as fellow South Sudanese , regardless of tribes and clans.

Many people are of the view that, peace and reconciliation will not work and others are saying peace and harmony will be the only way that will bring the people of the Republic of South Sudan in to one community with one objective and principle.

The ideology of parochialism, tribalism and nepotism is what should be look at in this current crisis where people are leaving in refugee and others in exiles.

In Conclusion, inciting words should be monitored and should be observed in order for a peaceful co-existence to prevail in South Sudan and beyond. Giving messages or talking like Philip Aguer who said recently they have killed Rebels in Nasir and Ayod in big numbers will take us to square one again. A person like Aguer, Ateny, Malak Ayuen and Makuei Lueth should talk’s words that resonate this time because people are in the middle of approaching peace deal.

All the spokespersons must respect communications ethics and principles that governance the profession. Some of them just enter in to the profession when they have not been taught how to communicate well to the masses across the globe. In communication, there are channels that need to be followed when one is passing information either to one person, groups of people, huge audiences and the world at large. Talking without full stop, apostrophe has destroyed the public relations profession in the Republic of South Sudan.

Loving one another is what will take South Sudan ahead.

Author is one of editors of Nyamilepedia, Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. You can follow him on http://www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com

 

Congratulations: Message to the SPLM/A-In Opposition movement

By Latjor’s Dream Eastern Jikany Nuer Sobat Region,

Opinion.

Machar leading a delegation in Djibouti, where he visit river port among other facilities(Photo: Hakim Cuei)

Machar leading a delegation in Djibouti, where he visit river port among other facilities(Photo: Hakim Cuei)

July 30, 2014(Nyamilepedia)“You all know that, change may not come without struggle. And so as well, the struggle without the change. These two things are working coincidentally to produce a different viewpoints as many of you might have known what had been taken place in the past either by experience or self-awareness.” (Written by Uncle Lul Top).

Concerning some of the changes that had been made by the SPLM/A In opposition, we mean, “The proposals of Restructuring for South Sudan into more Adm. Units. “we believed that this proposals, which we believe everybody has come across recently and hope it is an incredible proposals from the leader of the movement and as a result of that, it had move the Eastern Jikany Nuer under their leadership to congratulated this important proposal of “Restructuring for South Sudan, in which  see it that will benefits all the people of the south Sudan.

As we the people!  Are wishing you to share this message on behalf of Sobat Latjor state to convey our message of  congratulations regarding  your hard work in the leadership of SPLM/A. In Opposition for a good well done job that you had made so far. This is what, we the people of E.Jikany Nuer mostly, were long waiting for either generally or individually for the Sobat region to be split from the old upper Nile and become a state of its own.

And as a result of the proposal, we thank the movement for the ideas, for the reason that, it had been taken us some times to have repeating called all years around to have split Upper Nile into two northeast and the southeast states. Concerning Federal, we the majority of the people are ready supporting the federal government, we have considered it as best government to help the country to “forgive and forget,” the old types that we all seen as “fever dream to the individuals.”

Therefore, we will be always appreciated and welcome federal system and the creation of the “eleven new states,” but not just only the creations of the states, also more counties that is because to have  help solving those problems facing the rural poor’s communities, such as to enjoy the same as the Urbana’s children do, to Provide basic services like clean water educational and healthy issues, and to names a few, all in all, were included in the service delivery to the people.

“This is what all were waiting for, as the entire citizens of Eastern Jikany as well as the other neglected states, there wouldn’t be no excuse for failure at this time. However, we the Latjor’s dream Community, Eastern Jikany Nuer were already predicted more states and counties and as result of the structuring for the federalism system of governance, is going to work  and to accommodate the country’s sixty four ethnic diversities in a peaceful way.

By EJN: Latjor’s Dream Community, in USA
Headquarters of Kuany’s Bol Mier:
E-mail: rueib@maine.edu.

Selfishness Is The Root of Why Democratic System is Weak in South Sudan

By David Lony Majak:

Opinion.

 

South Sudan's minister of defense with president Salva Kiir Mayardiit(Photo: supplied)

South Sudan’s minister of defense with president Salva Kiir Mayardiit(Photo: supplied)

July 30, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Today 30th July, 2014, the only easier way is to let the free minds and hearts understand the meaning of undemocratic system and weak solutions in south Sudan. The root cause of corruption is due to lack of ethical behaviors by the leaders. Collectively selfishness, disregard for others and dishonesty. In mere introduction of why democratic systems are weak with their causes and solutions in most countries around the world. It widely has been in quest for stable democratic system from its very inception. The process of its democratization has been slow and passive. Its nature has remained fragile; it has been showing high vulnerability towards non democratic interventions. Besides, it has been easily falling prey to non civilian forces when political ground is opened to everyone in South Sudan. As a result, South Sudan has been continuously failing to offer what a democracy promises country should do Such as pathetic scenario has various reasons behind it at all three levels: State, government and society.

This Essay attempts to pin point and analyze the reasons behind such fragile and weak nature of democracy in our Nation the Republic of South Sudan and extends recommendations along with identifying various means and players especially youth for strengthening democratic process in South Sudan to make it promising and delivering of services in next coming future generation in decades to come.

The simple clue of this article is just from very its start, South Sudan as a Country has choiced democratic form of government for itself but never worked out based on the general perceptions of its people and this was the reason we first fought for self-determination. Fighting for self-determination and democratic system which may be use for challenging weak institutions took us many decades to achieve it. Its founders had ardently supported and emphasized for democratic system that could ideally permeate the governance structure and body politic of South Sudan but still as a game of self actualization between the politicians; The uncounted south Sudan’s martyrs and heroes has lost their lives just because of what we failed to understand after successful self-determination where we longed for freedom, justice and prosperity. Almost 80% of south Sudanese citizens have clearly witnessed the staunch support for democracy as corresponding structure for the polity of South Sudan to make it people friendly and welfare state.

Frequent intervention of Non civilian forces into political domain

Failure of bureaucratic regimes created space for army which was more organized than even civilian bureaucracies to intervene into political domain of country .formal involvement of army into civilian matters begun from first Sudan civic war before the independence of Sudan in (1956) to control the riots between Southerner Sudan and Sudan. Thereafter from 1957 onward army has ruled the country with short sighs, as short as of new born baby, of so called democratic regimes which resulted to the now generation of South Sudan.

All four military regimes have remained characterized with impositions of Marshal Law, ban on political parties, censorship on media, dissolution of assemblies and abrogation or suspension of constitutions. Thus, they destroyed political institutions and frustrated the forces via media, political parties that support and channelize consolidation of democracy.

Why can’t we go as per Sudan Politics of independence 1956?

Sudan’s flag raised at the independence ceremony on 1 January 1956 by the Prime Minister Isma’il Alazhari, in the presence of opposition leader Mohamed Ahmed Almahjoub. Sudan achieved independence without the rival political parties having agreed on the form and content of a permanent constitution but in south Sudan all civilians got united to achieve self-determination of today during the referendum exercise of year 2011. Instead, the Constituent Assembly adopted a document known as the Transitional Constitution of 2011, which replaced the governor general as head of state with a five-member Supreme Commission that was elected by a parliament composed of an indirectly elected Senate and a popularly elected House of Representatives. The Transitional Constitution also allocated executive power to the president and his deputy who was nominated by H.E the president after 2010 general elections while confirmed in office by the Supreme Constitution of the republic of south Sudan upon the given powers to the president.

Selfishness is the Main Cause of undemocratic system

In my own country south Sudan, nothing exists without any reason in universe: creation of everything carries reason with itself. More ever, According to principle of “Cause and Effect” unless the root causes of any problem are not accurately identified and thoroughly diagnosed in regard to this pending issue, absolute solutions shall be coincidently find, problem can’t be solved on sustainable basis when majority shareholders enjoy the fruits of instability of South Sudan like the case of IGDA Inter-governmental Development Authority. Therefore, let’s find and discuss the causes behind such weakness, vulnerability and dented face and status of democracy in South Sudan which achieved its independence just three years ago and try to reach at a workable solutions when time allow.

In south Sudan of today and yesterday, why all of these broken homes, so called weak institutions in south Sudan? There is no simple answer when asked questions relating to what caused ongoing destructions in South Sudan today. I can simply acknowledge my readers of this article that God beats united community by placing wrong weak leaders to lead them. But it appears to me that there are some obvious reasons that account for a very high percentage of these problems in our country. I say this out of experience in dealing with such tragedies life stories. I find selfishness to be the root cause of most of this current crisis of Southerner Sudan.

I am satisfied that a well brainwashed civilians goes farer than the one born with natural hurter in the community, Selfishness in south Sudan is not so much a matter of romance as it is an anxious concern for the comfort and well-being of one’s companion. Selfishness so often is the basis of money problems, which are a very serious and real factor affecting the stability of Country. Selfishness is at the root of adultery, the breaking of solemn and sacred covenants to satisfy selfish lust. Selfishness is the antithesis of love. It is a cankering expression of greed, it destroys self-discipline, it obliterates loyalty. It tears up sacred covenants. It afflicts both men and women with leaders.

Selfishness of Abbud military government in Sudan (1958–1964)

Early 1 January 1956 saw the former Anglo-Egyptian Sudan become the independent Republic of the Sudan. Before 1955, however, the government under Ismail al-Azhari had temporarily halted Sudan‘s progress toward self-determination, hoping to promote unity with Egypt. Despite his pro-Egyptian National Unionist Party (NUP) winning a majority in the 1953 parliamentary elections, however, Azhari realized that popular opinion had shifted against such a union. Azhari, who had been the major spokesman for the “unity of the Nile Valley“, therefore reversed the NUP’s stand and supported Sudanese independence. On December 19, 1955, the Sudanese parliament, under Azhari’s leadership, unanimously adopted a declaration of independence that became effective on January 1, 1956. Azhari called for the withdrawal of foreign troops and requested the condominium powers to sponsor a plebiscite in advance.

When the so called coup removed political decision making from the control of the civilian politicians. Abbud created the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to rule Sudan. This body contained officers affiliated with the Ansar and the Khatmiyyah. Abbud belonged to the Khatmiyyah, whereas Abd al Wahab was a member of the Ansar. Until Abd al Wahab’s removal in March 1959, the Ansar were the stronger of the two groups in the government. The regime benefited during its first year in office from successful marketing of the cotton crop. Abbud also profited from the settlement of the Nile waters dispute with Egypt and the improvement of relations between the two countries. Under the military regime, the influence of the Ansar and the Khatmiyyah lessened. The strongest religious leader, Abd ar Rahman al Mahdi, died in early 1959. His son and successor, the elder Sadiq al Mahdi, failed to enjoy the respect accorded his father. When Sadiq died two years later, Ansar religious and political leadership divided between his brother, Imam Al Hadi al Mahdi, and his son, the younger Sadiq al Mahdi.

Non Democratic Social structure

The nature and structure of society translates itself into nature and structure of political institutions in south Sudan. Political institutions south Sudan does not emerge in vaccum of political ideals; they are expression of social institutions. Political and societal compositions interplay and influence each another. That is why; it is said that democracy is not external but internal Phenomenon of political satisfaction in any third developing country. You cannot plant it like an artificial tree but can set up it through a particular process of democratization.

Feudalism and democracy are two quite controversial norms: Feuldlism is driven by principles of one person show, oppression, bondage, slavery. Whereas democracy is driven by principles of participation, peace, equality, pluralism and freedom and that is why we in wrong direction today South Sudan. Owing to this, the nature of parliaments and political parties has remained non democratic in South Sudan. One among the reasons which has made India to emerge as democratic polity is that it has abolished feudalism from very its inception. But Muslim Leauge perpetuated and consolidated this system because it was party of feudal itself where as Congress owing to its class question orientation has been anti feudalism. Lastly; it has been obstructing free and independent choice of public in elections which is basic and indispensable component of free elections.

Weak political Party System.

Why weak political parties system in south Sudan, unfortunately Party system in South Sudan shall always remains very weak nothing is done the ruling political party (SPLM from 1983-2014). Resultantly, it has created space for nonpolitical forces to emerge into political arena. It is proven fact that, apart from other reasons behind the overt and covert rule of dictators in South Sudan, absence of strong party system has remained one of the potent causes in the SPLM party. Such non democratic orientation of political parties has weakened the culture of competition, bred nepotism and created incompetency which has obstructed the democratic process of parties’ as well.

Political parties play indispensible role in strengthening democracy in various ways. Parties translate various values and aspects of democracy into reality; they work to institutionalize the diversity of opinions, the beauty of democracy; translate ideological strength of masses into organizational shape; work as channel to elect representatives; serve as mean whereby power is peacefully transformed; serve as platform to mobilize, sensitize and educate public and stand as bridge between public and government. In order to do all these tasks in letter and spirit, Political parties need to be systematically networked, united, deeply rooted into masses and internally democratic and operationally efficient, immune to internal divisions, sustaining worst times and outliving the death of its founder(s) the first south Sudanese martyrs and heroines who fought for our identity, freedom justice and prosperity. Time has courted SPLM leaders without finding a place of political understanding among themselves until current misunderstanding in the party erupted lately of last year 2013.

Therefore; one among the major forces which counter the military interventions into political domain and extra constitutional steps are genuine political parties with mass based support. But unfortunately Republic of South Sudan has been lacking strong and efficient party system which is very vital ingredient of Democracy to boost the capacity of SPLM political wings before these ongoing crises in the country. Democracy can neither exist nor can consolidate its process without strong, vibrant, vigilant and efficient political parties.

For South Sudan Political parties:

South Sudan’s Political Parties should develop a well defined people friendly ideology, political dialogues, expand their organizational network, perform structurally and operationally democratic, develop strong coordination between their lower and higher tires, train their staff and impart democratic education to masse to give outlook of political entities which could generate the atmosphere of democracy within and outside of them. They should also counter the supremacy of non political institutions; trust amongst south Sudanese people after peace does return in future but hardly may be initiates through public support mustered by restoring their trust in political parties first.

Roles to be play by South Sudan civil Society organizations in peace deal.

Civil society organization should impart democracy education to general maseess, youth, political workers media persons and writers while monitoring sure peace deal in Addis Ababa and to present clear neutrality in peace negotiation process. South Sudan civil society organizations must enhance capacity of political parties and other stake holders in order to make them vigilant, vibrant and responsive towards questions and issue of democracy. They should also impart liberal, progressive and political education to masses in order to create political society to create conducive atmosphere for democracy;

The civil societies must lobby with the lawmakers to pursue them to take concrete initiatives for consolidation of democracy such as incorporation of democracy education in syllabus, allocation of funds for political parties if peace does restore in the country.

South Sudan youth has great roles to play in peace building.

Youth is the most significant part of any human society and the forth future hope of the Nation. They have played indispensible role in emancipation of human being .With fresh and hot blood, youth is always inclined towards activism, dynamism, change, and novelty. Populations of South Sudan constitute almost 25 percent of youth.

Therefore, they also share the onus of enhancing democracy in South Sudan, their indifferent attitude towards democracy in particular and towards politics in general will counter product rather produce constructively for consolidation of democracy in the country.

Youth of South Sudan involves in politics and has joined political parties after academic education because what execute plans for democracy most effectively are political parties but should raise the issue and question of democracy in print and electronic media.

Short analysis reveals that weak political institutions, frequent military interventions, frequent dissolution of civilian governments, Engineered and flawed election process, weak party system, lack of constitutionalism and lack of rule of laws has been obstructing way for promotion of genuine democracy in South Sudan which would be characterized with sovereign parliament, free, fair and regular elections, supremacy of constitution, independent Judiciary, rule of law, civilian control over the armed forces, political life free from military involvement, safety to minority rights, provision of basic human needs and guarantee of freedom of movement, expression, association and assembly. Only this backdrop, Onus lies on State institutions, political parties, civil society organizations and youth to play part of their role as enumerated in recommendations given above to create space for democracy to entrench itself firmly in South Sudan as it could be delivering and substantial.

Recommendations and suggestions.

If south Sudan government and its Parliament should be made sovereign. A specific channel should be launched in parliament that air proceedings to make masses aware of what is going into it. It will make legislatures serious and responsible in their conduct and will push them to chalk out people friendly policies which in turn will make governance efficient and will build trust of masses in democracy. In this way, space and need of call to army to intervene in political domain will dwindle largely.

The problem of democracy is solvable in South Sudan, if genuine steps are taken with cohesive and integrated approach. Let me extend few suggestions for strengthening democratic system, process and culture in South Sudan.

Promotion of national unity among citizens of south Sudan and should stop tribalism.

Feudalism should be immediately abolished to enable elections genuine instrumental of people’s wishes; to create participatory culture; to develop democratic values and to transform social stagnancies into dynamism which all together help consolidation of democratic process.

Free and fair election should be ensured through independent Election Commission in order to prevent the rigging.

Judiciary should be made Independent so as to enable it to ensure implementation of rule of law; to undo and stop all legal and constitutional transgressions.

Supremacy of constitution should be ensured. Drafting of permanent national constitution should be practiced in letter and spirit to check all constitutional abrogation which has been by and large affecting democratic process in South Sudan.

The author is a great concern citizen of South Sudan, columnist and can be reached at delonymajak@yahoo.com

To be in fighting is better than dying in Refugee Camp!!

By Gariay Gile -Nasir Uppernile State

Photo of a man taken from Ganyliel unity state 2014

Photo of a man taken from Ganyliel unity state 2014

July 30th 2014 (Nyamilepedia)- I am a survivor of Juba Massacre. I narrowly escaped the death from Presidential Guards to UNMISS in Jebel-UN House last December 2013 in Juba. After one month, I decided with other colleagues to walk on foot to Nadapal border between South Sudan and Kenya.

I started touring the region’s Refugee camps, only to find UN shelter to stay. But I see the conditions; people are suffering in United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNIMISS) residents. Because of the current regime that is killings the civilians, I decided to join the fighting alongside with White Army, defending my civil rights that were violated by Salva Kiir and his loyalists in the government.

Hence, after I realized that staying in the Camp was not absolute, I decide to join the rebellion to fight the dictatorial regime that has killed my people in Juba on the 16th, 17th and 18th of December 2013 without any bases.

In the UNMISS camp I was in, there was no clinic, only simple tablets that does not help the body when once is sick.

Thereafter, I decided to be better killed in fighting while defending my freedoms and the generations to come than to die of curable disease or starvation.

In South Sudan people are suffering in many ways, suffering at the front line is just one of them.

I need peace, but I see no peace makers

Inter-governmental Authority on development (IGAD) is doing nothing in  the Peace process, only 1% on average.

The involvement of Uganda army plus other five foreign sections fighting alongside the fatal government of Juba, prolonged the War up to now and still they will not withdraw if no one fights them. They get paid for staying in South Sudan.

If my brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, grandparents were intentionally killed, what is my hope going’ to be in this world? Only bullet is an answer.

As Nationalist and patriotic young man, I am calling you men who are suffering together with their kids and mothers in the refugee camps to better join fighting for our civil constitutional rights that have been hijacked by government of Kiir Mayardit.

The Author is a concern South Sudanese young man currently living in Upper Nile State, he can be follow on ggyual@gmail.com.