South Sudan: Dr. Machar Wants The Root Causes Addressed, Warns IGAD on Biased Imposition!

Dr. Riek Machar Teny, The Former Vice President, Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/SPLA(Photo: supplied)

Dr. Riek Machar Teny, The Former Vice President, Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/SPLA(Photo: supplied)

Sept 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — While the Intergovernmental Authority on Development(IGAD) wants the South Sudanese stakeholders to negotiate the controversial Protocol, signed by the IGAD heads of states, as the agenda of sixth round, the Chairman and the Commander in Chief of SPLA/SPLM(in Opposition), Dr. Riek Machar Teny, has urged the mediation to discuss the root causes of the conflict.

Dr. Machar cautions the regional bloc that their “imposition document” is irrelevant and no South Sudanese can abide with their biased position. Instead Machar wants the root causes discussed.

“IGAD’s imposition document is not relevant. No one can abide by such a biased position. South Sudanese want conflict root causes addressed.” Dr. Machar twitted in Pretoria, South Africa.

Machar made his sharp remarks public to encounter IGAD’s persuasive statement that “IGAD is talking to Dr. Riek Machar to convince him so that he signed the protocol.”

IGAD’s statement was reiterated during consultation in Bahir Dar last week in an attempt to persuade the SPLM-IO, SPLM-FPD and Faith Base group to accept the protocol as the agenda of the talks.

The protocol is declined by four groups, with exception of SPLM-Juba [government delegation], arguing that the multi-stakeholders have agreed on different principles, which were negotiated during Semantic Committees and earlier rounds of mediation.

The Sematic Committees, who met when the SPLM-Juba delegation pulled out of peace talks, negotiated that the TGNU would compose of a ceremonial President and an Executive Prime Minister who is the head of government and head of National Security Council (share powers) with or without deputies.

The semantic committees made other progresses, which they believe to be in public interest of South Sudanese people and that the government delegation should add their portion to the document before it is finalized.

Despite, the regional bloc produced and signed a document, entitled “Agreed Principles” on transitional arrangement towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan.

Initially, Machar was urged to sign the document, however, after he requested for the content of the protocol, IGAD’s representative apologized that Machar did not have to sign the document.

According to the protocol the Head of State and Government, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the TGONU shall be the elected, incumbent President of the Republic; the President of the Republic shall be deputized by a Vice President of the Republic.

The document requires the SPLM-IO to appoint a Prime Minister that shall be acceptable and answerable to the incumbent president like in the Ugandan system, a call that has been widely criticized as war resumes in Upper Nile.

Elites, army generals and supporters of SPLM(in Opposition) and SPLM-FPD have sharply criticized the “smuggled” decision, however, IGAD has maintained its ground.

The regional bloc warns that the protocol is final and has to be accepted by the warring parties. IGAD warns that whoever does “not accept this protocol and what the head of states are saying will be deal with by the region.”

Notwithstanding that fighting never cease for a month in the last nine months, IGAD further blames the warring parties for lack of progress in the peace talks, establishing that war resumes during peace talks.

“It is unfortunate that this trend of events has been observed every time a new session of talks begins, and any such sideshows aimed at derailing the peace process will not be tolerated.”

The peace talks in Addis Ababa, currently moved to a remote Amhara province, have stalled during the last five sessions and very little is yet achieved.

The South Sudanese negotiators were given 45 days in August to negotiate and form a Transitional Government, however, the mediators and the South Sudanese stakeholders, remain at a loggerhead at Bahir Dar on what should be discussed in the current phase.

Related articles:

South Sudan: Dr. Machar Declined To Sign IGAD’s Proposed Power Sharing Arrangment!

South Sudan: Warring Parties To Negotiate Transitional Government in 45 Days!

South Sudan Conflict: IGAD fights, mediates and negotiates

South Sudan: IGAD Will “Take Measures” To Restore Peace, Warns The Protocol Is Final!

How democratic is African democracy?

…..Strengthening Voices For Democracy

By Ter Manyang Gatwech, Kampala, Uganda.

Opinion.

 

  September 22,2014 (Nyamilependia) — Let me defines the word democracy; The word democracy is derived from Greek words Demos meaning ‘’the people’’ and Kratus meaning ‘’rule’’. Thus put together, the Greek word Demokratia means’’the people rule’’

According to Abraham Lincoln, a former president of the United States of America, democracy is a ‘government of the people by the people and for the people.

Viewed in another way it is the participation of the people in making decision on issues which affect them. It is a system of government which offers political equality, liberty, freedom, accountability and social justice.

There are two types of democracy namely;

1.      Direct Democracy
This is when every entitle citizen in the society or nation participates in decision making and government. In this type of democracy all entitled citizens assemble for discussion and deliberation on matters of common interest to them, Athenian democracy is an example of direct democracy.

2.      Indirect Democracy

This type of democracy is also known as representative or parliamentary democracy. It is where the people will and interests are presented and discussed by persons directly elected by them. People elect their representatives to a national assembly or parliament to represent them. The question is; does the MPs of South Sudan represent their people in parliament?  The answer is no, due to lack of democracy in South Sudan.

Back to our question,

Every year September 15th is dedicated to lobbying and reflection on democracy and its ideals. The UN chose this year’s theme to be ‘’STRENTHENING VOICES FOR DEMOCRACY’’. It intends to give a spotlight to the importance of people’s voices explicitly or implicitly through their elected representatives. Activists want the grassroots to have a say in today’s political, economic, social development; and of, course religious deliberations too.

The ability for people to raise their voices and decide how they are governed lies at the heart of democracy.
The challenge is how to empower the voiceless and the silenced of the global community including the Africa populations. During summer 1987 an elderly French lady asked me why Africa had many dictators who don’t relinquish power unless forced by military coup.  I remember telling her it was because Europe introduced an alien system of governance to Africa. It was simplistic, but by then that was the best answer I had. If the same question would bounce back to me now after 26 years, I would have a different rejoin, exactly what is trying to do in this script. Back to the little: How much DEMOCRATIC is Africa DEMOCRACY?  May be we should first ask, if the phraseology ‘African Democracy’’ really exists.

However, like all aspects of life also democracy has several flaws; not only in Africa, but in all continents of all generations. Even the Athenian democracy did not extend equality to all persons and therefore, allowed direct participation   only by male citizens, small political elite, to the exclusion of the majority of the populace consisting of women, slaves, and foreign residents.

Purging prejudice from facts

I prefer to use ‘’Democracy in Africa’’ rather than ‘’African Democarcy’’, for the simple reason what the values of democracy are inherent in all cultures whereby neither the West nor the Greeks can claim copyright. Indeed as the Nigerian Professor Apollos O. Nwauwa writes, the desire for representation, inclusion, and participation in public affairs—essential elements of democracy –are universal to all human; the difference rests in the methods of attaining these goals. I want to make a further distinction yet between modern African politics and traditional African system of governance. A society may have democratic values and not modern democratic structure.  On the other hand, it is also a proven truth that a society can have democratic institutions devoid of democratic principles and ideals.

Unfortunately, talks on democracy and democratizations in Africa continent are usually presented in the West as though they are entirely new notions and practices to Africans. Professor O.Nwauwa, lecturing in North America, summarizes the whole concept as follows: ‘’the ideas of democracy itself are viewed almost exclusively as a Western concept of which African societies now stand desperately   in need. Similarly, the presumption has been that democratic values and practices are alien to the African continent, with the West posturing as their culture bearers and defenders. This mindset considers Africans as incapable of democratic thoughts and hence they should be infused with the ‘civilized’ notion of West democracy’

Unless this wrong perception is corrected the opinion about the African society will always remain biased. As our Nigerian Professor rightly pinpoints, what has been consistently ignored is that democratic values and processes have been as indigenous to Africans as they were to the ancient civilizations. African traditional political cultures and organizations would give credence to this conclusion. While the term democracy might have been borrowed from the Greeks, democratic thought and values have never been exclusively Greek or Euro- American conservation.

Basic concept of democracy:

As already indicated, democracy is a complex reality which does not have unilateral method and / or significance. The meaning of democracy has continually shifted paradugmsthus, producing many variants. Democracy is now a relative concept; it no longer means the same thing to all peoples and cultures at all times. Actually the concept itself is contestable. It is understood by many people to mean a form of government in which a significant portion of the governed society has authorization to elect members of the governing today. Other observes would argue that a ‘’true’’ democracy is a system of government that embraces a universal adult franchise. While imperfections exist in all democratic, most advocates accept Churchill’s dictum that contemporary democracy; as we know it is the least bad of all systems of government.

However, the popular understanding of the term ‘democracy’ is there are three basic forms:  direct, representative and constitutional.  Direct democracy is a form of government in which the right to participate in making political decisions is exercised directly by all citizens, acting under procedures of majority rule. In large states, direct or participative democracy is not possible.

The question is, does Mr. President Kiiir understand the meaning of democracy in Dinka language?

Indigenous African democratic

Many African languages have proverbs that underscore the ideals of participation, sharing and inclusion in public affair. The Ethiopian saying in Amharic, ‘’if tiny threads join, they tie a lion’’ is but one to mention. Implicit in these axioms are the notions process of democratic values in the African continent.

Several researchers have shown that in period preceding colonial rule, Africans practiced a variety of political organizations ranging from direct and representative democracy to various forms of monarchical and decentralized systems. Many African indigenous governments were open and inclusive, including to foreigners.

How democratic is African democracy?

If we intend by traditional African social system we can affirm and confirm that in many parts of traditional Africa the Ethnic groups were guided by democratic values, principles and ideals. We have several historical evidences that some traditional Chiefs who abused power were removed by the general public without guns or bombs.
However if we talk of post-colonial and modern Africa a lot leaves to be desired. This year’s ‘UN theme, ‘’strengthening voices for democracy’’, has a long way ahead. According to political analysts, since the years of independence, Africa has experienced more than 200 military coups, with 45 percent success and resulting in a change in power at the top.

This involves displacement of the head-of-state and government officials, and /or the dissolution of previously existing constitutional structures.  According to the report published in African Development Bank  journal Septmber 2012, of the 52, only 10 countries have never experiend a ‘’military coup detat’’ ( successful, attempted, or plotted, namely; Botswana,Cape Verde, Egypt,Eritea, Malawi,Mauritius,Morocco,Namibia, South Africa, and Tunisia.

By Ter Manyang Gatwech, a finalist student of Cavendish University Uganda. Pursuing a Bachelor’s Degree in Arts in Public Administration and Management. A chairman of Gawaar Community in Uganda. You can reach me through email address; termanyanggatwech@yahoo.com or Face Book above name.

Nuer Community in UNMISS- Malakal PoCs Petition to AUCI

To:  AFRICA UNION COMMISSION OF INQUIRY:

People walk along dirt roads that have been turned into streams of mud by the rains, in the UNMISS base in Malakal, South Sudan, where 19,000 people have sought shelter from months of fighting(Photo credits: Mugume Davis Rwakaringi)

People walk along dirt roads that have been turned into streams of mud by the rains, in the UNMISS base in Malakal, South Sudan, where 19,000 people have sought shelter from months of fighting(Photo credits: Mugume Davis Rwakaringi)

Sept 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — In due respect and honor, we the Nuer Community in Malakal hereby submit our Petition to the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan Conflict and the sequence of Juba and Massacres on Nuer people.

Root Causes of Conflict:

The root cause of the conflict was formally about the SPLM NATIONAL LIBERATION COUNCIL (NLC).

And, more importantly it was about power struggle amongst the Top SPLM LEADERS during National Liberation Council   (NLC) in Juba which kicks off on 14 December, 2013.

The Consequences of SPLM Convention Fallout:

-          Ordered the Presidential Guards Unit Commander, Gen. Marial Chanuong to disarm the fellow Nuer in the unit he commands; the shooting started among the President Kiir guards based on tribal identification.

-          On 16 December, 2013, President Kiir blind fooled the citizen on media that there was a coup plotted against him by his colleagues in the SPLM and as a result, he secretly declared to his militia in juba that this war is between Nuer and Dinka peoples, and swear that Nuer would be taught a lesson they won’t forgot in live.

-          Henceforth, the indiscriminate killing of innocent Nuer civilians went on in all RESIDENTIAL AREAS in Juba by government forces, most of which were the tribal militia who underwent a secret military training before the incident happened,  from December, 15th -20th , 2013 while on hiding in Juba;

-          More than 20,000 Nuer Civilian mostly women and children believed to have been killed.

GENESIS 0F MALAKAL INCIDENT:

-          As the news of continued massacred, maiming and ethnic cleansing of Nuer civilians spread all of the Country, it was unbelievable that no single family in entire Nuer community who didn’t miss someone in that massacre. We were mourning the death of thousand of our innocent civilians in Juba;

-          After Juba massacre, Upper Nile State Governor, Simon Kun Puoch (a Nuer)  invited all media houses in Malakal  denying that there was no killing of Nuer civilians  in Juba and comment that his government  will eliminate or kill the supporters of  Dr.Machar in Upper NileState. That very statements was an additional salt on an injury;

-          SPLA Sector Commander Gen. Johnson Gony Bilieu (A Nuer) mobilized and armed Dinka and Shiliuk youths in order to massacre Nuer Civilians and pursue them up to Ethiopian Border.

With directive from Juba, the UNS government were instructed to form a comminitte to strategize the secod massacre of Nuer civilians in Malakal and the entire state.The following committee were formed and tasked for the job:

-          Hon. Awer Dau Agany, Minister of Culture, Youth & Sports,  Chairperson

-          Hon. Philip Jiben Ogal, Minister of Information, Member

-          Mr. Mayom Pur, Director-General of Ministry of Local Government & Law Enforcement, Member

-          Commissioner of Makal County, menber

-          Commissioner of Fashoda County, member

-          Commissioner of Malut County, member

-          Commissioner of Renk County,member

Your Excellency, these are historical evident toward the fruition of the elimination of the Nuer community in The Republic of South Sudan.

Consequences of Conflict in Upper Nile State:

  • On Tuesday, 21 January, 2014, President Kiir declared STATE OF EMERGENCY on Greater Upper Nile State, which was a result of mass killing of Nuer civilians in the following locations:
  •  Mass killing of Nuer in MalakalCity by government forces;
  •  House-to-house killing in Malakal
  •  Indiscriminate killing and maiming of Nuer in Malakal Teaching Hospital
  •  Killing of Nuer civilians who sought shelter in the Church, including Church Pastor, Rev. Daniel Giel Pal of Presbyterian Church of South Sudan,
  •  Killing of Nuer in Malakal Schools
  •  Indiscriminate killing of Nuer in the surrounding of UNMISS-Malakal PoCs Area by the government forces,
  •  Killing of Nuer civilians who were farming in Baliet County, mainly women & children,
  •  Killing of Nuer passengers, including Legislative assembly MPs and Secretary General of Upper Nile State, including Rev. Yohanis Bor Koang, Rev. Simon Diu Rial among others.
  •  Mass killing of Nuer in Akoka County by government forces:
  •  Killing of Nuer government official and passengers in Akoka.
  •  Mass killing of Nuer in  Malut County by government forces:
  •  Murdering of Nuer in Paloch Payam, who were working with the oil companies alongside their families and Malut County headquarters.
  •  Unlawful slaughtering  of Nuer in Renk town, Jalhak and GegerPayam
  •  Mass killing of Nuer in Fashoda County by Government Forces
  •  Killing of Nuer mainly wowen and Children in Kodok.
  •  Killing and burning of more than 300 women and children who were traveling by boat from Kodok to Lul payam of Fashoda County.

THE PRESENT SITUATION:

-          Maiming and killing of civilians (Nuer civilians in particular) is continuing up to now under the directives from national and state authorities to target them base on ethnicity.

-          Nuer were being targeted since January, 2014 up to now in Malakal Town, including rape cases against Nuer women and girls, including under aged young girls.

-          Indiscriminate killing of Nuer in Malakal and surrounding of UNMISS-Malakal

-          Our freedom of movement since January, 2014 in order to have access to Charcoal, wood and other necessities in Malakal have been denied by the government forces and their militia allies from Shilluk and Dinka tribes.

-          Disappearance of Nuer in the Airports of Bentiu, Malakal & Juba is constant;

-          Killing of innocent civilians, mainly women and children, raping of women and young girls in Eastern Nuer Counties, Nasir& Longechuk Counties of Upper Nile State by government forces.

-          Burning down of civilian huts or houses in Nasir and Longechuk Counties before and NOW.

SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT:

The entire Nuer Community, mainly in Upper Nile State calls the African Union, The United Nation, The International Community and Troikas, The IGAD and the region to adopt the following resolution and quickly help the people of South Sudan, NOW! and not later:

  1. President Kiir lost the legitimacy among the South Sudanese people, because he turned against them and discriminately killed and massacred them;
  2. President Kiir is the only stubling block peace, love and unity of the people of South Sudan and in that case, HE MUST GO!
  3. And, a new leadership must be found or created in order to unite the South Sudanese people, because of his actions and failures; genocide occurred.
  4. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for creation of Federalism for New South Sudan.
  5. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for the unconditional withdrawal of all foreign forces in South Sudan,i.e. UPDF of Uganda, SPLM-North, Justice and Equality Movement ( JEM ), M23& Egyptian army.
  6. Re-birth of South Sudan based on Federalism system of governance for delivery of services to the citizens and as well as power-sharing.

 CALL FOR FULL AND COMPREHENSIVE ACCOUNTABILITY:

  1. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls the International Community to sanctions these foreign troops who participated in the massacre of South Sudanese people.
  2.   The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for the closure of “OIL FLOW” as it’s the only resources  being used for fueling the conflict in South Sudan.
  1. The Nuer Community in Upper Nile State calls for COMPENSATION of entire Nuer whose properties been looted or destroyed as a result of this conflict, especially in Bor, Bentiu and Malakal
  2. Finally, we call for full accountability of whoever found guilty of this conflict in South Sudan, whether from the SPLM/A – IO or the Government of Salva KiIr.

PEACE AND RECONCILIATION IN SOUTH SUDAN:

  1. Peace and reconciliation is the only way forward for people of South Sudan to rebuild the Country torn apart by conflict.
  2. With President Kiir in power, Peace & Reconciliation would not be realized.
  3. Reconciliation & healing of wounds is a dire need by the people of South Sudan, but SalvaKiir only hung on power and never cares for SURVIVAL and future of this nation.
  4. Peace, reconciliation & healing of wounds can only be achieved without Salva Kiir on power. He must step down for the sake of peace and people of South Sudan in general.
  5. Kiir may talk peace on one hand, but he meant war on the other side of the coin. How peace, reconciliation & healing of wounds be achieved with him on power?

NUER UNION,

UNMISS – Malakal PoC-Area

Cc: State Coordinator, Upper Nile State Office

Cc: Civil Affairs, UNMISS-Malakal Office

Cc: Human Rights, UNMISS-Malakal Office

Cc: IGAD, Malakal, Upper Nile State Office

Cc: All the displaced persons across the Country and especially Juba, Bentiu and Bor PoCs

Cc: Media

G11 group are not neutral enough, just political brokers:

By David Lony Majak.

Opinion.

 

SPLM_Uhuru, the former political detainees, who were released into custody of the Kenyan president, Uhuru Kenyatta are holding onto another loose coalition that may never last. The detainees allied with Dr. Machar, which led to their arrest but afterwards claim to be "pure" to stand alone(Photo: AP/Kenyan presidency)

SPLM_Uhuru, the former political detainees, who were released into custody of the Kenyan president, Uhuru Kenyatta are holding onto another loose coalition that may never last. The detainees allied with Dr. Machar, which led to their arrest but afterwards claim to be “pure” to stand alone(Photo: AP/Kenyan presidency)

 21st September 2014(Nyamilepedia) – My fellow citizens for those who do not know what kills south Sudanese, there is no clean person among the G11 politicians because they were having sides with different perceptions and intentions during SPLM political struggles before the war erupted. Since ever the war broke out in mid December last year, the name G11 was established as a result of the ongoing conflict between the two warring parties in south Sudan.

This so called G11 group is trying to play their neutrality as neutral group distancing themselves away from the two parties. Before they were released, the heads of two warring parties had struggled to release them so that they can decide which side to join or to remain neutral as they were named G11 early on time. At the final point of hearing on their cases as political detainees being detained by government, the government of south Sudan was having a believed that the political detainees will join government and it was the same scenario with rebel’s side was also having a great morality thinking that the political detainees will make a concert decision to flow into one side.

The first released detainees were Hon: Deag Alor Kuol who was released along with former minister of telecommunications and postal services Madut Biar Yel, former youth minister Cirino Iteng, and former finance minister Kosti Manibe, former roads and transport minister Gier Chuang Aluong, former justice minister John Luk Jok, former Lakes state governor Chol Tong Mayay.

Perhaps, the second political detainees who were released at the last; were those who remained in detention include Pagan Amum Okiech, former secretary-general of the ruling SPLM party, Oyai Deng Ajak, former minister for national security, Majak D’Agoot, former deputy minister of defence and Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, former South Sudanese ambassador to the United States, after their releasing they it called it a jail and court.

The South Sudan government and the Rebel side have really made it possible to freed the political detainees with negative thoughts that, the G11 group will help in the peace negotiations process in the capital of Ethiopia Addis Ababa. Unfortunately; the G11 group has become neutral broker playing cards against the two warring parties which discredited them and not to be considered as patriotic politicians whenever there are internal conflicts in the country. When they were at the dock in juba, the two parties had putted across some conditions in order to reach the peace deal if at all the G11 whatsoever is released.

All these were in van nothing come to the success from the perceptive human point of view that, the so called G11 group are just more than a brokers in the current ongoing conflict in south Sudan and trying to position themselves somewhere somehow but impossible. There is no better politician in G11 group to be reinstated in order to restore the peace deal, trust, integrity amongst the ethnic groups in the Republic of South Sudan.

The question is; what trust are we building on the political detainees (G11) as south Sudanese citizens?

According to south Sudan experts and political analysts, they said; the so called G11 group had have involved in so many destructions in South Sudan before the war and after the war broke out in the country. Some of them had a hand in south Sudan’s ongoing conflict leaded by Gen: Salva Kiir the president of the republic of south Sudan, and Dr. Riek Machar the former vice president, currently the rebel leader.

Also in different scenario; almost 90% in G11 group have by then involved in corruption and embezzlements activities, they had miss used public funds for their own interests and benefits from the time of autonomy government of CPA-2005 and after referendum where south Sudan was fully recognized worldwide as an independent state in the whole world. So why should we put much empathizes on them as neutral leaders in south Sudan. This can simply be reflected to former minister of higher education Dr. Peter Adowk Nyaba’s quotes that, IGAD body is a typical neutral broker in mediation process between the two warring parties of south Sudan.

In conclusion; let the head of the two warring parties think positively on how to reach the solutions of south Sudan’s problems in order to restore peace back in the country. IGAD authority is at the level of failing to resolve the ongoing conflict in south Sudan. We all learned that; the government and rebels are losing human beings, properties and international diplomats in one way or other.

The author can be reached for the comment at delonymajak@gmail.com

The effects of commercializing conflict in Africa

By Kuach Tutkuay,

Opinion.

Source:via Baoba Africa

Source:via Baoba Africa

Sept 21, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — In a rather ignorant attitude or, perhaps, coupled with lack of knowledge, the generation  before 17th century could only pick a fallen apple for consumption and never dared to ask why it fell, until Isaac Newton questioned what make the apple fall down and discovered the gravity. Four hundred years passed and we are in 21st century, but oops! No one inherited Newton’s aptitude. I can see the world of our time is void of people who can question and criticize social issues that confront our societies. War has become the culture of the Africa of today and our leaders could not find a solution to that. We organize peace conference, negotiations; we went as far as preaching peace in churches and mosques. We incorporated it into our learning system, yet we can’t find a meaningful peace. Has one ever wondered what is this “blank search” for centuries yet no one finds peace?

I used to fancy, in my own little brain, the world searching for peace in all corners—from the East to the Occident—tirelessly but, alas! Sometimes I use to think that the world has tricked itself into this miserable search such that Peter profits when John fights James. People intentionally throw away peace and ends up spending millions in search of it—quite ironic. I cannot say the whole world is falling short of wises to distinguish between a letter-B and a bull’s foot in relation to conflict resolution techniques. Everywhere in the world is bloodshed. In Somalia, the Al-shabab kills fellow Muslim in pretext of protecting Islam. In Nigeria, the Boko Haram, killing people every day in pretext of fighting western civilization—really? In South Sudan, government massacring its own citizens in masses in pretext of foiling a coup attempt—a coup by civilians? I wonder! In Central Africa and DRC, people killing fellow citizens over trivial issues. Christians believes there will be judgment day, I can’t believe this would be started with African.

I want to pinpoint the confidential secret that precludes Africa from finding peace. I am sure many African leaders knows it too but decided to play it cool because they don’t want to kill the goose that lays golden eggs—golden eggs really? I mean, they don’t want to cut the dirty hand—a real dirty hand—that feed them. Africa’s problem is because some African countries took conflict for a cash cow. As conflict happens anywhere, every country will be thinking of the economic opportunities of that conflict. Hence, they will work on anything that prolongs the conflict so that they continue to benefits as long as the conflict moves on. The egocentric attitude of African that seeks to hone their economies at the expenses of a sisterly nation is a real big problem, a real stumbling block into the search for peace. These things happens in our everyday lives and no one has ever took an initiative to critically understands Africa’s conflict dynamics and employ the right remedial techniques—I hope you will not think of “affirmative action” because this is also another loophole for creating inequalities.

To validate these, I am compelled to give an example with a country none other than Uganda, since it became the colonialist of the 21st century to fellow African nations. It is estimated that 25% of Uganda’s annual income is from the export of mercenaries to South Sudan, DRC, Somalia and Central Africa. We have heard Uganda last month issuing a stern warning to South Sudan demanding millions of dollars to be remitted to Kampala; otherwise Uganda will withdraw its troops. This is a real business; if these Countries find peace, Uganda will lose 25% of its revenues. This is not easy for a country that put her interest first other than the regional wellbeing. This could be a business like any other kind of business but are we blind enough to have not seen the suffering it inflicts on innocent civilians? Are we ignorant enough to overlook the plight of our fellow African? Are we inhumane enough to kill a fellow human and enrich ourselves with his bread?

African of the olden days believes that if you have problems in your family which you cannot solve, call your neighbors to help you solve it. This believes has since backfire; in this commercial Africa where you need to pay for anything even asking for direction, these believes no longer makes sense. If you can’t solve your family problems and you are tempted to take it to neighbors, they will only increase your trouble so that, while you are busy with the complicated problem, they will extend the ridge that mark the boundaries between your farm and theirs, annexing part of your farm to their own. For instance, by the time South Sudan solved its internal conflict, Uganda will have annexed Nimuli to their territory, Kenya will have annexed Nadapal to their territory and all the same for Sudan. This is the Africa of today, but have we fallen short of leaders who will re-store Africa? Not really, there are young emerging leaders who will re-store Africa but conditions are that they will learn to strike the elephant not the shadow.

Sometimes African leaders point fingers to the west to conceal their weaknesses. In all my thinking, I don’t blame the west nor any other actor outside Africa because I believes we as African are capable of solving our own issues—we alone! If African could be used against their fellow African by an invisible hand and they accepted this treacherous act, then, I am sorry, it will be very hard for the archeologist to distinguish us from the forest apes. As humans, we are supposed to be humane, to have a sense of humanity within us. If this is lacking, then, what shows that we are human and not apes?

If you think all I have said is not true, try a voluntary military assistance—that is to say, any country whose neighbor is in trouble and wish to help will do so voluntarily without demanding anything from the country in question. I don’t think any country will dare helping her neighbor because it will cost them monetary resources as well as human resources.

The author is a South Sudanese youth activist, you can reach him on kuachdavid4live@live.com or follow him on twitter @kuach444 or call him on +254735707778

Statement on the claims of the Minister of Information on the Prevention of the Delegation of the Political Parties from Travelling to Addis Ababa.

SPLM-DC20 September 2014(Nyamilepedia) —  The Arabic Newspaper “ALMAUGIF” carried on Tuesday the 16th statements ascribed to the Minister of Information Michael Makuei Lueth that:

  1. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan did not prevent Dr Lam Akol from travelling to Addis Ababa;
  2. Dr Lam Akol was not able to travel because he holds a diplomatic passport and “did not carry out the required procedures for those who hold diplomatic passports”. That is, getting prior approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
  3. “if he [Dr Lam Akol] wants to roam the world without permission, he should get himself an ordinary passport”;
  4. There is no relationship between the failure of Dr Lam Akol to travel and what took place in the Political Parties Leadership Forum.

In response to these claims, we say the following:

  1. For the information of the Minister, Dr Lam Akol does not hold a diplomatic passport. He holds an ordinary passport, so is the case with the four other members in the delegation of the political parties who were prevented from travelling to Addis Ababa on Saturday the 13th instant. Dr Lam Akol used the same ordinary passport when he travelled to Addis Ababa before to take part in the last round of talks. It appears the Minister of Information is the last to be informed. The Minister should check this information with the Immigration Department in the Ministry of Interior.
  2. According to the statement of the Minister, any person holding an ordinary passport does not need permission from anybody to travel out of the country. This indeed is the norm all over the world and is provided for in Article 27(2) of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 2011. The question that poses itself is: Why did the government prevent Dr Lam Akol from travelling when he holds an ordinary passport?

It is our hope that that the Minster is sincere in what he said that the government did not stop Dr Lam Akol from travelling to take part in the Peace Talks in Addis Ababa and that what took place is an unintended mistake from the Immigration officer at the airport. If that be the case, then the concerned authorities in the state should address those affected by the prevention and assure them that they are free to travel.

Mahjoub Biel Turuk,

Official Spokesman,

SPLM-DC.

HON. RACHEAL NYADAK SHOULD IMMEDIATELY WITHDRAW HER INTENTION TO KILL MORE CHILDREN FROM UROR COUNTY IN THE NAME OF PROVIDING EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE.

By Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut,

Opinion.

Nyadak Paul, the deputy minister for information and broadcasting(Photo: file)

Nyadak Paul, the deputy minister for information and broadcasting(Photo: file)

Sept 20, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — I was so surprise and got shock all over sudden went I saw Racheal Nyadak Paul deputy minister for information and broadcasting in the government of Salva Kiir Mayardit dedicating a message of mobilization to Uror county chiefs to bring their kids/children out of UNMISS camps to join a certain school they had rent in the name of Uror children.

This is a suggested tactic of increasing disputes between the Uror natives, greater Lou Nuer as well as the other Nuer sections, if they succeed in mobilizing more IDPs to join the ‘Ritual center’ they claim to be an education center.

Hon. Nyadak and her well-wishers who gang around her in support of her evil decisions are creating disaster to themselves no single child will be release to them. Never!

Uror County administration is under SPLM- IO’s control since the genesis of December 15th crisis Hence, Some vulnerable Ministers like Racheal Nyadak should not lie to the public that they will convince the chiefs to except her maniac act of cleansing the remnant of Kiir massacre who were butcher in Gudele, Gerger, Bor UNMISS Base, Mapel, Malakal, Gumbo, Manga Teen, Logo-Logo 1&2, 107 and Munuki respectively.

Nyadak Paul, born in Uror County was among the few officials from Lou-Nuer who can die for the sake of Lou Nuer during those years back.

But that’s went money didn’t become her small god. I believed money have snatched away the love she had for Lou Nuer for all those years.

It is obvious that a widow can easily surrender her love to whoever satisfy her needs and whoever care for her, Nyadak have turned a blind eye at Uror county in general from the beginning of the turmoil and she should still continue to close them still if she would love to; we don’t need her help or support any longer

I want to aware my people who attended Nyadak’s briefing on the other day recorded by (SSTV) and gives them a warning at the same time that Nyadak Paul is making her money in any way around so should you accompany her all the time, you should end up spoiling your reputation and dignity at the same time.

Let’s not forget that she is saving the enemies with honor and respect.

Let us boycott her activities because whatever she said must end in bloodletting……………………….. Honorable Nyadak is not our Nyadak we use to know she has change instantly.

Watch out for double faces and people of interest!

I have spoken my words……..

May gods hear my voice……

Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut is acting Chairman of SPLMYL in Egypt get him through sirirgabrielyiei3@gmail.com or +201115133229.