Opening Statement by Comrade Pagan Amum Okiech, SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees) 20th, October, 2014, Arusha, Tanzania

Your Excellency, Ndugu Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Chairman of Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM),

Your Excellency, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan and Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM),

Your Excellency, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, First Deputy Chairman of the SPLM,

Mzee John Samuel Malecela, Former Prime Minister and Former Deputy Chairman of CCM and Chairman of this Intra-SPLM Dialogue,

Excellencies, the Secretary General of CCMand the Foreign Minister of Tanzania,

Honourable Delegates from the SPLM divided family,

The last four political detainees, Oyai Deng Ajak, Pagan Amum, Majak Agot and Ezekiel Lol Gatkouth booing the kangoro court before their release in April, 2014(Photo: file)

The last four political detainees, Oyai Deng Ajak, Pagan Amum, Majak Agot and Ezekiel Lol Gatkouth booing the kangoro court before their release in April, 2014(Photo: file)

Ladies and Gentlemen,

October 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — On behalf of the SPLM Leaders, who were detained following the crisis of December 15th, 2013 for calling for reforms and internal democracy within the party and on my own behalf, I take this opportunity to thank Ndugu Chairman of CCM for extending his solidarity by convening this Intra-SPLM dialogue in the beautiful city of Arusha.  We wholeheartedly appreciate this facilitation by CCM and the support of Crisis Management Initiative (CMI).  Offering the SPLM family this forum and a conducive environment for dialogue is like extending a ladder to somebody who has thrown himself/herself in a deep pit.  Unless we choose to get out of the pit by climbing up, the ladder alone will not get us out.  Therefore, we must climb the ladder provided to us by CCM in order to come out of the abyss we have landed ourselves into.

Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates,

The Secretary General of CCM, Ndugu Abdulrahman Kinana, wisely made it clear the other day that their support and solidarity is out of historical commitment to support and help the African Liberation Movements mend their differences and heal their rifts whenever that occurred, without unhealthy interference.  CCM is making it clear that it shall not diagnose our ailment and problem.  In other words, CCM will not give the SPLM a prescription or a recipe but rather it provides only a forum, a conducive environment and the moral encouragement for us, the SPLM leaders, to take advantage and the courage to accept the reality that we have the responsibility, in fact a collective responsibility, for the current crisis in the country.  This crisis, as we all know, emanated from failure of leadership, resulting in differences among the top SPLM leaders.

Therefore, we must admit this fact and discuss it during the dialogue when we resume in November with open minds and hearts so as to correct ourselves and agree to recommit to the core values and fundamental principles of our Movement.  Let us courageously recognize that we have lost direction and have deviated from the vision of the SPLM.  We have fundamentally gone wrong, divided ourselves and have thrown the country into chaos.  However, it is human to err and fall, the greatest of human spirit is in correcting oneself and rising up from the fall. By admitting such facts, our hearts will be ready to reconcile the differences and heal our self-inflicted wounds.  To do this successfully, we have to move away from finger pointing and blame game and go beyond our egos and fears.  Let us leave judgment to history but for now let us focus our energies in resolving the current crisis by reuniting the divided SPLM family so as to rescue the country from falling into total chaos and disorder.

Finally, inspired by the spirit of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, the founding father of this peaceful and united nation and by the vision of our founding father and hero, Dr John Garang De Mabior, who dreamt of a new and just society at peace with itself and with its neighbors, a common wealth united in its diversity; inspired by this spirit, let us launch this process of the Intra-SPLM Dialogue in order to return the party to its glory and provide collective visionary leadership to the people of South Sudan in this second phase of state and nation building.  We, the SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees), are certain that the SPLM vision shall come to fruition.  As SPLM committed cadres, we will engage in this dialogue with open hearts and minds in order to reunite the SPLM and realize its vision of a free, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan.

Oh God bless South Sudan!

SPLM Oyee!

CCM Oyee!

Thank you.

South Sudanese Lawyer criticizes Intra-SPLM Party signed framework!

Paul Opio on the Left , Mata and the Deputy Chairperson of the SPLM in Opposition (Photo by Gai Manyuon/Nyamilepedia)

Paul Opio on the Left , Matata and the Deputy Chairperson of the SPLM in Opposition (Photo: Gai Manyuon/Nyamilepedia)

Oct 23th, 2014 (Nyamilepedia) — According to Lawyer Paul Opio Both Wityian interview with Nyamilpedia Editorial Team, says the Intra-party dialogue and re-unification of the files and ranks of the SPLM will not solve any problem in the Country.

In the same interview Wityian said, the Dec 15th 2013 which started as SPLM reforms during the convention escalated and went beyond the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) corridors. He said, most of the civilians who died in Juba don’t belong to SPLM. He as well mentioned that White Armies picked up arms in self defense and rescues their brothers, Sisters, mothers and fathers from massacre that took place in Juba.

Today if Kiir and Machar believe that their meeting in Arusha is the sole solution to the South Sudanese crisis then there is still problem, Wityian said.

The current conflict in South Sudan need broader and comprehensive approach by all South Sudanese including the War victims Layer Wityian said.

It’s worth mentioning that, if Arusha Intra- Party SPLM dialogue and the recent signed framework is the way forward, then people are worried because more lives will be lost for the quest of freedom and justice Lawyer Wityian lamented.

The killing of 25,000 Nuer civilians in Juba and exterminations of Nuer ethnic group in Malakal has shown that Kiir is not any longer a trust worthy President said Young Lawyer.

Mr. Wityian added that, there is currently on going exterminations of Nuer civil population both working for government and UN personnel in Upper Nile state by Kiir security and Gen. Olony Militias at the watch of United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). He said, this shows that UN Mandates has been compromise or being threatens.

Under International Human Right law Article (4) provides that, each state party shall ensure that all acts of torture or brutal and inhuman treatment are offenses under its criminal law.

Maj. Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth: Salva Kiir Must Resign or Be Forced To Resign

“Salva Kiir must resign his positions both as Chairman of SPLM and as President of the Republic or else he will be forced to resign by gallant pro-democracy and freedom fighters” Maj. Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth

Authored by David Deng Gach Pal,

Updated at 12:35pm, Oct 23rd, 2014(PST)

Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth Hothnyang, addressing the wounded hereos in Akoboi on 2nd September 2014.(Photo: Nyamilepedia/Yuer Dang)

Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth Hothnyang, addressing the wounded hereos in Akoboi on 2nd September 2014.(Photo: Nyamilepedia/Yuer Dang)

October 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Following the signing of the “Framework for Intra-SPLM Dialogue” by SPLM-Juba, SPLM IO and SPLM former detainees in Arusha, Tanzania on 20th October 2014, the Military Governor and Zonal Commander of Upper Nile State Maj. Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth Hoth nyang requests me to bring to public domain his critique of the aforesaid agreement. While some may receive it with optimism, others may perceive it contrary.

Reacting to the Principle number 9, and Objectives 1 & 2 of the Framework Agreement, Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth said the Framework agreement will never bring peace for its overall objective is merely to reunite the party, reconcile party leadership, and by implication, consolidate Salva Kiir’s grip on power, which he is today losing much more spectacularly. Why giving him a chance to prolong his brutality and devastatingly undesirable rule over people? This casts an air of pessimism over the prospects of peace, stability and prosperity in South Sudan.

If the Intra-party dialogue aims to unite the party, then, that, at least in my view, is unrealistic. “SPLM can never be reunited, and so will not make a reunion,” said the Military Governor, because SPLM failed to resolve its internal crisis in December 2013, and instead Salva Kiir resorted to abusive use of power by trying to purge the party of its charismatic members as well as of democratic voices of reform. To make the matter worst, by using his personal Bhar El gazal militias, Salva Kiir massacred over 50,000 innocent civilians (majority children and women) of Nuer Ethnic group, widening the scope of the conflict into becoming a South Sudanese crisis rather than SPLM.

Objective 1 will not be achieved because reconciling the leadership of the SPLM party failed on December 15, 2013 when Salva Kiir used the SPLM Liberation Council conference to grind the old wounds. No matter how hard others, including the religious leaders, attempt to reconcile the leadership, Salva Kiir will always turn them a deaf ear for him to hold on power. Salva Kiir got into power by accident and he knows he is not qualify to win by democratic majority, why will he allow any reform in the party? It is only when Salva Kiir steps downs from party chairmanship as well as presidency of the Republic can sustainable peace, unity, and universal reconciliation be realized in South Sudan.

Objective 2 is just in the realm of fantasy. How will war be stopped, government and people of South Sudan be led to peace, stability and prosperity if Ebola Salva Kiir is still in power? Salva Kiir’s government has failed miserably to even establish stability let alone prosperity in South Sudan. We need a good public interest-oriented leader to takeover the leadership of the country if SPLM is to achieve such items outlined by objective 2.

Hence, in a nutshell, the Military Governor & Zonal commander, Gen. Gathoth Gatkuoth emphasizes that, for sustainable peace to be attained both by SPLM and South Sudanese people, Salva Kiir Mayardit must resign or be forced to resigned his positions both as the Chairman of SPLM and as President of the Republic. Firstly, he committed genocide on innocent people of South Sudan in December 2013 and thus he has lost legitimacy to rule South Sudan. Should he insists on holding such offices, then be assured that Salva kiir will be made to leave power by force.

Secondly, Salva kiir’s government is institutionally corrupt to the core. Not only did he allocate to his kinsmen and/or Dinka tribesmen all the key positions in the executive, judiciary and oil companies but also allotted watchmen and office sweepers’ positions to his relatives, with oil revenues being divided among Bhar el Ghazalians, close to his family alone, while the people of the rich Greater Upper Nile continue to suffer. Several times, Salva Kiir publicly declared his intolerance towards corruption, but failed to live up to it. He does not only condoned corruption but also ordered release of corrupt officials from prison. Salva Kiir himself is the symbol of corruption in the country. Millions of dollars have disappeared in his hands.

South Sudanese are disgruntled with Kiir’s hypocrisy and lack of integrity. He wants the laws of the land to protect his selfish interests while grossly violating the national constitution unashamedly. In order for South Sudanese to enjoy sustainable peace, stability and prosperity, Salva Kiir must relinquish power, or else he will be forced to resign by gallant pro-democracy and freedom fighters.

Thirdly, to marginalize other tribes, he made a policy of Dinkanisation of all foreign missions as well as Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Heads of missions and senior officials in Foreign Affairs Ministry are mostly Dinka. Such unfair and unjustly corrupt policies will continue to haunt South Sudan if Salva Kiir remains in power.

Thus, intra-SPLM dialogue will do little to save South Sudan that is already divided by Salva Kiir’s self-declared war. From grassroots’ perspective, the overall objective of war is not to seize SPLM powers; indeed SPLM is already divided into separate holdings and so can never be revived. But rather, the objective of war is to bring about total liberation of South Sudanese people from tyranny and dictatorship, endemically institutionalized corruption, tribalism, brutality and hypocrisy of Salva kiir’s leadership in such a way that, once peace is achieved, South Sudanese will never again experience civil war.

General Gathoth Gatkuoth, therefore, advises the international community and regional leaders to remain focus on the root causes of the civil war and listen, not to the lies, propaganda and deceptions of Salva Kiir and President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, but to what South Sudanese really want. To achieve lasting peace, Salva Kiir must step down to pave the way for South Sudanese to chose their transitional leader, pending presidential elections at the end of transitional period. The sooner he does that, the better for him and for the country.

David Deng Gach Pal – MPA, MAR

Secretary-General of Upper Nile State Military Government (in Opposition) &

Former Secretary-General (Cabinet Secretary & Head of Civil Service)

Upper Nile State –Malakal


Phone: +254 70413 0000

IGAD Countries Imposed their hidden Interest in South Sudan Crisis!

By John Kuek

The IGAD leaders meeting on a sideline in New York(Photo: supplied)

The IGAD leaders meeting on a sideline in New York(Photo: supplied)

Oct 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — IGAD stands for Intergovernmental Authority on Development. This organization was founded in 1986 by the following countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, with a focus on development and environmental control. Its mission was revised and upgraded in 1996 to address issues of drought and development in the region. In addition, IGAD’s mission expanded to coordinate and harmonize policies in the areas of socio-economic, agricultural development, environmental protection and political and humanitarian affairs. The new development was viewed positive in the region. Eritrea became independent and joined the group in 1993; South Sudan joined the union and became the eighth member state of IGAD in 2011 after celebrating its independence. With no doubt, IGAD was viewed as an emerging leader by both the African Union and the United Nations.

As IGAD started to act on its programs with speed and enthusiasm, the African Union Peace and Security Council approved an IGAD proposal to deploy Peace Support Mission in Somalia in September of 2006. IGAD played a role of a policeman in the region, trying to keep peace and support developments. On February 21, 2007, the United Nations Security Council approved Resolution 1744, which authorized the deployment of a new African Union Mission to Somalia, relieving IGAD support mission troops. Clearly, one can see that it was a mission of IGAD countries to keep peace and bring development in the region. What was not part of IGAD’s mission was to help the leaders establish dictatorial empires in the region. There is no statement in the IGAD’s policies that supports criminals to stay in power, especially those who kill their own citizens. Now, a fundamental question emerged as the crisis in South Sudan revealed the true color of IGAD and its implicit goals. I would like to ask a paradoxical question, what is the role of the IGAD in East Africa? Is it to bring and maintain peace or create and support chaos? Well, the answer is simple. Let us look at brief stories of some individual leaders of IGAD in the region.

Who is Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, to begin with? This man has a long and negative story in the region. Museveni was involved in rebellions that toppled Ugandan leaders Idi Amin (1971–79) and Milton Obote (1980–85). After the disappearance of these “icons” in the region, the presidents of Burundi and Rwanda and Dr. John Garang of South Sudan, all in airplane crashes, and Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia of an unidentified poisoning, I have given Mr. Museveni a new title, “the cock among the hens” in the region. This man has a lot of blood in his hands. The death of the two presidents, for example, sparked one of the worst genocides in human race after the holocaust killed 80,000 Tutsi in Rwanda. Also, Museveni was suspected in the first Congo war (1996-1997) to have had a hand in it. He has long been suspected of John Garang’s death, which remains an unsolved mystery today. The three inexperienced leaders, Paul Kagame, Uhuru Kenyatta, Hailemariam Desalegn are Mr. Museveni’s subordinates and cronies as is his key bodyguard, Salva Kiir. All are simply taking orders from him. Ugandan troops are everywhere in the region, which Mr. Museveni is using in an act of demagoguery.

Look at what has been going on in Somalia; is conflict in Somalia different from what is currently taking place in South Sudan? In the Somalian conflict, the international actors are either naïve of the reality on the ground or are just keeping eyes on their mere interests. Both international and regional actors have been providing interest based support, either weapons or money to different warring groups within the same country. This has made Somalia a chaotic country with anarchy, which will take years if not decades to resolve. The international actors, such the Arab states and Western states, have been drawn into Somalia’s conflict for various reasons including the prevention of terrorists from establishing roots in the region, acquiring new battle grounds and resources. At the regional level, the conflicting interests of IGAD member states in Somalia made it very difficult for the adoption of a common position by Somalians. There is no doubt that those few IGAD member states’ leaders are building an empire of dictators in the 21st century in East Africa. May be the so called “stable countries” in the region are benefiting financially from these chaos and oppression.

In the South Sudanese conflict, which really prompts this commentary, Mr.Yoweri Museveni, along with his inexperienced followers and the rest of the IGAD leaders came out with a bold statement condemning Dr. Riek Machar, as if he was the perpetrator of the Juba Nuer massacre. Mr. Museveni and his followers bowed to capture Riek in a few days if he refused to give up fighting. Their statement is a clue to their hidden interest in the South Sudan. Museveni is the cause and driving force in the conflict of South Sudan. One thing the South Sudanese government does not know is the fact that Museveni does not like or respect Salva Kiir as a leader in South Sudan. He portrayed Salva Kiir as a fool in that Mr. Museveni would not play his dirty tricks with because Salva could expose both of them to the world. Why has Mr. Museveni despised Riek Machar? He views Riek as an emerging leader in the region just like he did with John Garang, who would had the potential to unite the entire continent of Africa and at the same time eastern Africa.

Mr. Museveni is clearly a confused and unwise leader. He prefers to manipulate and control others for his own self-interests. Given his underlying motives, Mr. Museveni now has two missions in the South Sudanese war- to get rid of Riek Machar by any means possible and to also get rid of Salva, thus opening the door to force his own agenda. A good example is a new military corporation recently signed between Uganda and South Sudan, which paves the way for South Sudan government to smuggle guns and ammunitions in blackmailing the arm embargo policy imposed on South Sudan recently. This military corporation is unnecessary at this crucial time of peace negotiation for the people of South Sudan. One of the reasons that the peace talk became stalled in Addis Ababa is Ugandan military present in South Sudan. Have IGAD member states agreed to fight alongside the government of South Sudan? Also, the international observers have not reacted against this military agreement; are they for it? What is the reason for this peace to move forward, while it has been violated in a broad daylight by both the IGAD member state and the perpetrator of this war, Salva Kiir?

Why IGAD not serious about this peace process? Here is one of the reasons. The peace process in Addis Ababa has been slowed down due to numerous regional and international interests around it. Though IGAD is the leading broker of this peace, the international players are holding the key of the whole process. Troika members including the United States are the key players in this peace process by steering the process from behind the stage. With this, anyone would agree that IGAD as an institution faces many external challenges. In addition, the organization lacks leaders whose interest is to bring true and just peace, and stability in the region. I admired Ethiopia for maintaining neutrality in this South Sudanese war, though it lacks the financial capacity to push successfully and forcefully its peace initiatives forward.

IGAD Achievements in the Region

Credit must always be submitted where it dues. Despite these challenges noticed above, IGAD as an organization has done a magnificent job in bringing the Somali crisis to the attention of the international community, though it seems to have taken things easily enough, notwithstanding the sorrow and suffering that surrounded them on every side in the region. IGAD facilitated peace between Ethiopia and Somalia as well.

Within the IGAD policies, great emphasis was given to the peaceful settlement of regional conflicts as a means for achieving sustainable development. IGAD member states agreed to invest time and money to the following agenda items: to take effective collective measures to eliminate threats to regional cooperation, peace, and stability; to establish effective mechanisms of consultation and cooperation for the peaceful settlement of differences and disputes; and, to agree to deal with disputes between member states within this sub-regional mechanism before they are referred to other regional or international organizations (IGAD 1996). With this aim, three priority areas were identified: a.) conflict prevention, management and humanitarian affairs; b.) infrastructure development and food security; and c.) environmental safety control. IGAD has capitalized on the peace process between the Sudanese warring parties (the north-south conflict) and achieved it with a mighty help from the United States under President George W. Bush.

IGAD had earned an outstanding grade on that particular mission. With no doubt, the Somali and Sudanese peace processes was one of the major reasons that rendered the transformation of IGAD, hoping to do more in the region. To keep the region safe, IGAD members agreed to not support any “coup” plotter at all. This initiative was used by Yoweri Museveni and Salva Kiir to started war on December 15, 2014 in South Sudan, to kill Dr. Riek Machar and his political colleagues and pronounce the killing a coup and scapegoat it on the dead. God knew that what Museveni and Salva planned was harmful to the whole nation; thanks God Dr. Riek and all the political detainees survived. Now that Dr. Riek and his political allies survived and spoken the truth, IGAD leaders have no legitimate reason to gang up against the SPLM/A in Opposition. Clearly, IGAD has no use for the region as a few members are promoting their own selfish interests. Everything has a starting and an ending point. IGAD’s mandate to provide services to the region will come to an end soon. Learning the truth about IGAD’s interest, I am afraid that some prominent member states will withdraw their membership in just a matter of time when they discovered the hidden interests of a few leaders among them.

The Ending of IGAD Legitimacy in the Region

Here is what IGAD leaders have overlooked in this current crisis. South Sudan has been strained recently to the continuation of regional instability. This could probably be the worst turning point in the region if IGAD member states do not pay attention to the damage they have created and are also supporting. The region needs to look back to what had happened to both Ethiopia and Somalia during the Cold War. Indeed, the Cold War led to the end of dictatorial regimes in Ethiopia and Somalia and “the ideological differences and military confrontations associated with it” (Kinfe 2006). The newly “emerging leaders” in the post-Cold War era wanted to promote policies of peaceful relations and a new era of cooperation and co-existence. This was one of the ways to unite the East African countries, such as Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region as a one giant continental business hub for entire Africa. This promise is now slipping away as the member states started pursuing their individual and perhaps selfish-interests. Instead of uniting the region with collaboration between all the member states in the region, handling issues with care and dignity, Mr. Museveni, Kenya’s Uhuru Kenyatta and Rwanda’s Paul Kagame have lately appeared to expand their territories and operate in trilateral “coalition” in a rather zealous and oblique integration with Tanzania and Burundi while bypassing Tanzania and other states.

Tanzania has warned that any efforts to sideline it while fast-tracking the East African Federation could cause failure for the whole regional integration project. Dr. Ladislaus Komba, Tanzania’s High Commissioner to Uganda, reiterates on the interest based policies of some of the IGAD member states leaders and predicted “doom” for the East Africa Community if alienation and disconnectedness in some states continued. How about between Uganda and Sudan, LRA and the SPLM/A North? South Sudan invited the SPLM/A North and Darfur groups to the war, fighting alongside the government. The Ugandan military has armed these rebels, hoping they get rid of Riek Machar’s forces and continue through Sudanese territory to help change the regime in Khartoum. When and if Sudan understands exactly what Uganda and South Sudan are doing, it will do the same with South Sudanese rebels. The two countries will start fighting a proxy war, which could lead to a serious confrontation between the two countries. When this happens, what will the rest of IGAD countries do, Ethiopia and Kenya, for example? Will they remain neutral or join the play in the field, on which side? How about other interests around the world, such as the Islamic fundamentalists in West and North Africa? What message is this to the region? I am going to leave it to those regional analysts to ponder.

Pitfalls on the Current Peace Proposal

Upon studying the IGAD’s current peace proposal for South Sudan, the layout has not deviated that much from a road map to lasting peace in South Sudan that we have all yearned for.   However, this IGAD proposal fell short of addressing what brought this “senseless war” to this young country in the first place. This document infers the truth behind IGAD’s plan, which is to not eliminate the conflict, but rather to help manage it in a productive way. Though IGAD countries have been tirelessly working on this emerging regional wars, there have been three major competing interests that have hindered the peace process and which remain unaddressed: a.) power-based, b.) rights-based and c.) interests-based. The three key players in this peace process, IGAD, the government of South Sudan and the SPLM/A in Opposition, have lined up behind these three issues. IGAD should have been the one to identify these differences and come up with a mechanism to bridge gaps and arrive to a resolution that the country needs.

Power is often expressed through the use of authority, oppression, neglect, threats, and separation of people and groups. IGAD member countries have one thing in common which is to remain in power as long as possible. Any resolutions proposed toward removal of a president in power are viewed by this organization as going up against the interests of, or contrary to, IGAD and not in aiding the situation in South Sudan. IGAD member countries were originally expected to use their formal and informal authority to broker a resolution to this country’s problems, but it is heartbreaking to see that they have neglected this fundamental premise stipulated in their guidelines.

In the case of the Juba Nuer massacre, which occurred on December 15-18, 2013 in South Sudan, the SPLM/A in Opposition did not need to conduct any form of research to convene a meeting with IGAD members to prove to them that indeed the massacre took place. This massacre has been documented by various humanitarian groups and the United Nation that it is clearly considered an obvious form of genocide. Why did IGAD mediators not act based on the facts? Now, IGAD is rewarding the very government that just committed this despicable crime with more power to kill more innocent people again and again. The rights-based approach is the card played by the SPLM/A in Opposition to tell the world that the president lost his legitimate position on December 15, and therefore, he could no longer serve as the president. The key players or brokers in this process did not want to hear this fact because they knew that it is real.

A real and genuine interests-based approach is oriented toward problem-solving based on the needs of those involved, and not based on subjective feelings and politics. The party at fault and even the perpetrator often tries to move forward with the explicit goal of forgetting what happened and move on to a new chapter. The South Sudanese government is playing this card, saying a legitimate government cannot be asked to step aside before its term ends. The IGAD member countries seem to be favoring this claim rather than addressing the root causes of the conflict. That is, they are siding with the current government. This begs a crucial question: Why have the IGAD countries not moved in the direction of pushing for the current leadership to abandon South Sudan since the hallmark of the current government is pure corruption, hatred, and totalitarianism? The answer to this question is rather simple, the IGAD mediators are equally part of the corruption and have no interest in seeing to it that South Sudan become a peaceful and democratic country. In Kenya’s conflict between the Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga, Uganda created this very system IGAD is now attempting to impose on the South Sudanese rebels.

Can all three approaches be combined for the benefits of solving this very conflict? The answer of course is YES. All these methods-authority-based, right-based, and interest-based- can be useful and are deemed necessary in this current political situation. As a mediator, you have to acknowledge that such a thing had occurred, but you have to take a tough stand to resolve it. Meeting with warring parties, other parties and civil society to discuss the needs of everyone involved also can be instrumental in moving toward an interest-based solution, which the SPLM/A in Opposition longs for. The IGAD mediators can assist the warring parties to move from their complaints to understanding their own interests. Their complaints are often based on their position or perceived unfairness. They are often all-or-nothing statements and in the end only one person’s solution to the problem. Interests, on the other hand, are the motivations that are often unspoken and based on personal values and experiences. They are the reasons behind the complaint that IGAD favored one side or the other.

The IGAD proposal to ending the war in South Sudan notes 28 items to be implemented by the warring parties and other stakeholders. Below are the five items which I consider to be the most problematic.

First, there shall be no third vice president in this federal transitional government if this is what the IGAD want to introduce to the South Sudanese people.

Second, like Rwanda and Ethiopia in the region, the prime minister in South Sudan should be the one entrusted to implement national policies and leading the government to negotiate what is best for the country as defined by the stakeholders, the citizens of the country. The prime minister shall also be entrusted with the function of formulating the government programs of action in consultation with council of ministers. Third, the prime minister of the TGONU shall be eligible to stand for any public office in the national elections at the end of the transitional period. What in the world the IGAD is doing, proposing a useless prime minister position for the Opposition? I am wondering if this makes sense to IGAD members themselves. This document is an invitation of more conflicts, nothing less. Anybody would disown this cheap and shallow proposal to end this intensive war. It does not address a solution to this war in any way.

Fourth, it would make sense if the IGAD proposes that the executive of the transitional government shall comprise the president, the prime minister and council of ministers. I am not in favor of this model at all any way. Why not using the same system that is already in use? We need a president and a vice president system. Regardless of any of these methods, now, the debate would lie in WHO is going to lead this transitional government of national unity and complete all the steps discussed and approved in the peace talk? Will Salva lead this transitional government until election and be able to follow all the steps to ensure war does not happen again? If this is what IGAD believes and wants, it is not going to solve the problem. It’s indeed better to keep searching for a better scenario until a solution is sorted than reaching a cheap deal now only to return to war in a few months after. Salva would not want to change the status quo at all in South Sudan. He has forgotten the very reason he fought the Khartoum government for and the people who fought with him that he fought to change the status quo. He gestures this already in his circumstantial speeches that he does not want federal system and no Riek Machar again in his government.

Finally, I agree to the fact that a permanent constitution be reconstructed and used by the transitional government, and shall be based on federalism, being mindful of diversity with more power to states. This process will only be achieved under a different leader than Salva Kiir. Once this proposed structure is put in place and lead by a true nationalist, whose interest is to promote peaceful co-existent of all different ethnicities and believes, the country will be peaceful forever.

In closing this author believes that to bring a lasting peace to South Sudan this peace process needs to be forward to the African Union as the second step. IGAD leaders have been playing around with it and got stuck already. They are dancing between the truth and favoritism to their colleague more than solving the war. The South Sudanese people worldwide want to see this war comes to an end soon. They also need to have a model in place that will guarantee their co-existing forever. Salva Kiir made Nuer and Dinka believe that they are enemies to each other’s. This is not true. It was not an intention of the Dinka of South Sudan to kill the Nuer. It was Salva Kiir who wants to remain in power, and was intimidated by the present of Nuer figures who could claim the same right as anybody in South Sudan to run for the president, should an opportunity presents itself.

The author has a PhD in psychology. He is a South Sudanese living in the United States. He can be reached at

“Breakthrough” At the Mini -Summit In Juba, South Sudan.


Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, President Salva Kiir Mayardit, Ethiopian Prime, Hailemariam Desalegn, and the new Prime Minister of Uganda, Ruhakana Rugunda, post for a picture in a mini-carpet following a successful mini-summit in Juba(Photo: Nyamilepedia/Uhuru’s socials)

Oct 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — A small summit attended by the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, and the new Prime Minister of Uganda, Ruhakana Rugunda, while Yoweri Museveni is in London, has ended with a “breakthrough” this afternoon in Juba, South Sudan.

“At the Juba consultations, a breakthrough has been achieved on the outstanding issues, to be finalized at the next IGAD summit to be convened next week” read the IGAD communique on the Mini-Summit.

Although neither the communique nor the heads of states and governments, who attended the summit, elaborate on what the breakthroughs are, the IGAD leaders congratulated the South Sudan’s leaders for courageous and visionary steps in their recent meetings to resolve the 10-month civil war in their country.

“The IGAD heads of states and governments attending the Mini-Summit congratulated President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar for the courageous and visionary leadership in resolving the ongoing crisis in South Sudan” reads part of the IGAD communique extended to Nyamilepedia.

According to IGAD’s communique, the session was held to consult on the outcomes of the Bahir Dar session of the South Sudan Peace process.

The communique states that the “Bahir Dar session identified a few key outstanding issues to be discussed at the Head of state and government level before the mini-consultations have been held with Dr. Riek Machar, the leader of the SPLM-IO, to understand the key concerns of the opposition in relation to the outcomes of the Bahir Dar session”.

According to the Kenyan president, Uhuru Kenyatta, the IGAD mini-summit comes in the wake of significant progress in negotiations in Addis Ababa and Tanzania.

The fifth phase of IGAD led mediation in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, made several changes towards achieving peace to the controversial IGAD Protocol of August 25th that gave President Salva Kiir an upper hand in power sharing.

Before the talks stalled on the power sharing the South Sudan’s stakeholders registered high hopes that a comprehensive agreement could be reached if the warring factions continued to compromise.

Other significant progresses have been made during the consultations with the regional leaders as well as among the SPLM leaders in Arusha, Tanzanaia.

The stalled IGAD peace mediation is expected to resumed on Monday, 27th October, 2014 in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

The Entire SPLM Leadership Owns up to Human Right Abuses and Crime Against Humanity

By Sindani Ireneaus

Hargeisa; Somaliland,

The SPLM leaders posting for a group photo in Arusha after signing the framework on October 20th, 2014(Photo: Nyamilepedia version)

The SPLM leaders posting for a group photo in Arusha after signing the framework on October 20th, 2014(Photo: Nyamilepedia version)

Oct 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The cat is out of the bag. At least the Tanzanians have made it to jump out of the bag straight to our eyes and ears. No one can longer deny it whether now or in future. The world has also heard. The African Union must have taken heed of it while the ICC prosecutors should be happy and excited that they will not longer delve deep in investigating the heinous crimes in South Sudan in order to unravel the people behind the genocide, mass rape, rampant torture, ethnic targeted killings, disappearance of people, violation of individual rights and mass displacement of people in Juba making South Sudanese to live destitute lives in their own country.

If you are still wondering what I am talking about, let me make it abundantly clear that I am talking about the surprising admission by the entire leadership of the SPLM that there are responsible for the crisis in South Sudan. Allow me to quote the Arusha communiqué; entitled: The Arusha Communique: Intra-SPLM party so as to clearly illustrate the point and make it abundantly plane to everybody. I quote “The parties acknowledge a collective responsibility for the crisis in South Sudan that has taken a great toll on the lives and property of our people”. The communiqué was signed by none other than Cde Paul Akol Kordit on behalf of SPLM in government; Cde Duer Tut Duer on behalf of SPLM in opposition and Cde Kosti Manibe Ngai on behalf of SPLM detainees and it is dated October 21, 2014. “The great toll on the lives” means the mass killings, torture, rape, displacement and incarcerations and disappearances”. “Great toll to property” means the destruction to private and public properties such as individual Nuer houses in Juba, destruction of public homes such as the one of the former vice president, destruction of villages in upper Nile and Bentui, looting of peoples’ houses in Juba, land grabbing and confiscation of travelers property such as goods, cell phones, money and any other thing that falls into category of property

Right from the start let me make it abundantly clear that the leadership of these factions have frankly and without shame owned up to the criminal act and brutality that has been meted to the people of South Sudan. My admitting that they are responsible for the “crisis in South Sudan that has taken a great toll on lives and property of the people of South Sudan”, it means they systematically planned, directed and executed all that befell the people. Secondly they are saying that whatever crimes committed by their subordinates that include the rank and file of the SPLA soldiers on both side of the divide in this criminal war, was methodically organized, plan and directed by them. There is nothing called random killing by rogue soldiers, nothing called revenge killings or being detained innocently. All have participated in one way or another in brutally murdering innocent children, women and civilians. They conspired to exterminate ethnic groups and planned ethnic killings in the country. They smartly planned and uprooted South Sudanese from their residences and made them to be refugees and internally displaced in their country. They directed mass rape as a tool of war. They displaced thousands of South Sudanese and forced them to refugee in neighbouring countries. They carried out targeted killing particularly of those perceive to be against the regime. They planned and directed the torture of human right activists in Juba in order to silence them.

Now that these leaders have admitted and owned up to the genocide, ethnic killings, raping, torture and the whole range of human right abuses in South Sudan, let me be clear on apportioning the crimes. By owning up to these crimes the leadership of SPLM in government has owned up to:

  1. Targeted ethnic killing of more than 20,000 Nuer civilians in Juba, destruction of Nuers property in Juba, Bor, Malakal, and Unity state particularly the destruction of leer in Bentui
  2. The targeted killing and disappearance of people in Juba such as the killing of Isaac Abraham because of his writings
  3. Torturing human right activists such as Athuai; the chairman of civil right organizations in Juba
  4. Attacking innocent Nuers who were sheltering in UNMISS compound in Bor
  5. Illegally using of banned chemical weapons on Nuer soldiers on Juba-Bor road where hundreds of soldiers died as a result of cluster bombs
  6. Carrying out rampant rape of Nuer women in Juba by government soldiers and operatives just because of their ethnicity
  7. The fact that it fabricated a coup in order to eliminate its opponents and create chaos and suffering in order to perpetuate tribal, dictatorial and corrupt leadership in Juba
  8. Consciously recruiting, training, arming, directing and commanding a tribal militia to carry out genocide and commit serious human right abuses in South Sudan
  9. Hiring mercenaries from Uganda and northern Sudan to propagate its genocide and ethnic cleansing policy

Likewise by signing the communiqué, the leadership of the SPLM in opposition has owned up to:

  1. The revenge killings that occurred in Akobo in the UNMISS compound.
  2. Alleged killing of innocent people in hospital and in a church in Bor
  3. Innocent killing of captured soldiers from Sudanese rebels in Malakal
  4. Ethnic killing of innocent chollo people because of their alleged support to General Olony, the leader of the Chollo militia in Malakal

Lastly the leadership of the SPLM detainees in collaboration with the other leaders of SPLM has owned up to the rampant corruption, tribalism, nepotism, molding a dictator, mismanagement of state affairs, inability to render services to the people of South Sudan while they were in government.

What is the implication of this admission to the future of South Sudan? First these leaders have admitted that they created chaos in South Sudan because of their failure to provide effective leadership. They have admitted that they are criminals, thieves, trbalists and dictators who are repugnant to democracy. Above all they have committed crime against humanity and human right violations. They have disunited and completely broken the bridges that had made the people of South Sudan to stick together. They have admitted that they have failed the people of South Sudan who had voted overwhelmingly for them to steer the country into prosperity and rapid development. They have admitted that they cannot unite, lead and administer the nation other than their stomachs and their cronies. They have above all admitted that they have failed the peoples’ mandate and instead turned to kill and maim the very people who elected them, looted the country for their individual gain, destroyed the property of the very people who they were entrusted protect.

The question is whether in any meaningful way these leaders have any legitimacy left to continue governing in South Sudan? The fact is that any elected leader who has turned against his people, massacred them, plunger their wealth and property, displaced them, raped and tortured them, in the eyes of the law has lost his/her legitimacy and cannot longer purport to lead and speak on their behalf. Therefore the current SPLM leaders are not longer legitimate elected leaders of South Sudan. They deserve not to speak on behalf of the people any more. Since they have collectively taken responsibility for the heinous crimes against humanity and human right abuses, their only option is to stand up boldly and answer to their crimes before the International criminal court in The Hague. As they stood boldly in their gray suites in front of Kikwete; the Tanzania President and owned up to their crimes, they should likewise stand tall, boldly and upright in front of the international criminal court to defend themselves individually or collectively. On the other hand they should also face their victims and relatives of their victims to whole heartedly apologize to them like the great men and women in South African who faced their victims and relatives of their victims and apologized under the tutelage of Bishop Tutu truth and reconciliation commission.

Finally what is my advice in this circumstance? My brotherly advice first goes to these leaders to tell them that this is a decision time. Either they make South Sudan to take the path of reconciliation and embark on peaceful co-existence and development of the country or they would like this great nation to sink with them during this period of their demise. Taking path of reconciliation and peaceful co-existence means the leadership in Juba should immediately resign or seek no leadership position in the transitional administration. Similarly the leadership of the SPLM in opposition and SPLM detainees must negotiate in good faith for peace and transitional government without them. This is because with them in any form of government, genuine reconciliation will not happened in South Sudan. It would be like covering a fire with mud without extinguishing it completely. Secondly, I must advise these leaders that they either face peoples’ truth and reconciliation commission to ask for forgiveness from the people of South Sudan because there is no South Sudanese who has not been aggrieved by their reckless leadership or wait to present themselves to the international criminal court where they can have the opportunity to clear their names as individual or suffer the consequences of their action. This is the only way to end the impunity that has been the order of the day in South Sudan.

My advice to the IGAD peace negotiators is that peace and reconciliation can only come to South Sudan when the root causes of the current conflict are fully discussed, agreed upon and future roadmap for thorough reforms including the institution of federal system is drawn up. Once this is achieved then a transitional government without these the self confessed SPLM butchers of South Sudan can be established. Excluding the entire leadership is crucial so that reconciliation and building of the social fabric of the people of South can begin. The SPLM leaders should be offered the chance to seek forgiveness from the people of South Sudan through truth and reconciliation commission or face the international criminal court to clear their names. By considering or allowing these leaders to participate in the transitional or future leadership in South Sudan without reconciliation or not answering to the heinous crimes they committed against the people of South Sudan, means IGAD itself is condoning impunity in South Sudan and in fact the South Sudanese will view this as if IGAD is adding salt on the bleeding wounds in South Sudan. Certainly this will not go unchallenged because there many patriotic South Sudanese out there who will take over the mettle of liberating the people of South Sudan from the York of murderous leaders, looters and plunderers of the country. It does not matter how long this will take but the people have to be liberated from these criminals and impunity must be ended.

My advice to the friends of South Sudan including the troika is that they should continue to stand firm in supporting the people of South Sudan during this trying time. There is no quick fix to the issues in South Sudan neither can there be quick fix by reconstituting SPLM of self confessed criminals and looters. The current leaders are bent to continue with their determined efforts to propagate chaotic crisis in the country for their comfort and comfort of their tribes and cronies. South Sudan is not devoid of leaders but the country has been taken hostage by leaders who have no future of the country in their hearts. For eight years they have been in government, they have only perfected the art of looting, corrupting and balkanizing the country into tribal enclaves. Nothing is acceptable than allowing and accepting the impunity that is striding the breath and length of entire South Sudan.

What about the Tanzania government. I must extend my sincere congratulations to the government of Tanzania for bringing these leaders together to finally take responsibility for the crimes they committed in South Sudan. They have been denying this for long and now they have owned up. My sincere advice is that Tanzania should make these leaders to realize that the confession they made is not the highway to assume leadership again but it is the rough road for them to stand up and face their victims or their relatives and say we are sorry or else they must face the law at The Hague in order to end impunity in South Sudan. There is no middle road for these leaders. They either succumb to the law or are forced to face the law.

For the AU commission tasked to investigate human rights abuses and crime against humanity in South Sudan, I would say that the Commission‘s work is made easier. The people have already taken responsibility for these crimes. The only work you are left with is to identify who bears the greatest responsibility so that the law takes its course. There is no time to waste now because the people of South Sudan need closure for their sufferings. Last but not the least please ICC take up the case of South Sudan as soon as the AU commission presents it to you. South Sudanese are yawning for justice and they want to see justice prevail and this should be done as soon as possible for any justice delayed is justice denied.

Sindani Ireneaus

Hargeisa; Somaliland


My opinion on the ongoing SPLM-Reunification and SPLM-Internal differences sorted out peace process, as they call it

By Gatluke Chuol Reat,


Arusha djj

South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir, Tanzanian president Jakaya Kikwete and SPLM/SPLA Chairman, Dr. Riek Machar posting for a picture(Photo: Hatim Cuei/Nyamilepedia)

Oct 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — I humbly and prayerfully hope that what I have to say will be received in the spirit that I would like to convey. We have just heard that there is an ongoing SPLM-REUNIFICATION peace talk in Tanzanian Capital, Arusha. Many of our brothers and sisters might join me and ask about the reality of watchman on the tower. He has raised a warning voice and he said, I would urge all to listen and follow my counsel. It is tremendously important always to be in harmony with those who cheer you on and believe that what you are doing is best for all and have watch for the souls of the fallen. As they falls and their falls must give an account and that they may do it with joy, and not with grief.

My message to those in SPLM-IO is that I wish I am not speaking of a people who did not care to listen to the voices of their comrades and their brothers and sisters, who are voicing and urging, to say that we might not agree with that decision. The killings of the Nuer people has nothing to do with the differences within SPLM-Party and if Salva Kirr is saying it has, then instead of saying SPLM-Reunion, you might start my digging out why then SALVA Kirr order the killings of the Nuer people? And then see if the UNIFICATION actually needs the presence of SALVA KIRR while still sitting as a President of all people?

To: Dr. Riek Machar, the leader of SPLM-IO

I am sure that you might have seen many voices and hope to have a chance to read them, I found it unpleasant business to constantly be calling people to frequently and set a stage as if the issue should be discussed at the level of SPLM-fractions despite the continued unflinchingly by the Juba led Fraction.

The blood had bled horribly within South Sudanese communities, and most importantly within the Nuer community and within your close circles. Many might admitted that your leadership, must be everlastingly at it; I want you to understand that, some of us are well informed and have much citation to the history of our country. I want you to know that undermining as if young people do not understand will eventually put you on the defensive, which I think is not what you want right now. Otherwise, by then the fault may be partly yours.

But, if we make the true way clear to you, then we are blameless. I wish to speak today of unwanted messages I have received from many friends, colleagues and beyond about what is taking place or the so called SPLM-UNIFICATION. My purpose in doing so is to attempt to give strength against mistakes, suffering, heartache, and anguish to you and your entire leadership.

May I begin by sharing with you a personal experience as a young man who grown up experiencing the unfolding civil war in both Sudan and South Sudan from a time many years ago. By 1955 Elia Kuze, the Liberal Member of Parliament was put on trial because he was the first South Sudan nationalist who led resistance against Gellaba rule in Yambio. At that time, the Azande demanded that South Sudan not be ruled by or be dominated by the “false so-called Northern brothers, as a results, the Bloody riots erupts in Nzara. History tells us that 1972, a bad peace was signed or the so call Addis Ababa Accord between the Anya Nya and Sudan Government. Three years later, in 1975 Revolts by South Sudanese soldiers in Akobo and other barracks in protest for their being transfer to the North, in violation of Addis Ababa Agreement

When I received an unwelcome but valuable message from my devoted friends around the world about what is going on, reunited SPLM. I tell them persistence is a key.

My memorable mission was when I visited you in Nasir in March this year and later in Addis Ababa, before my returning to service the community. I was not anxious to explain to people about what I tell you or what I think of you. My intended messages were received well by many of friends, brothers and sisters within the community and would require more thorough explanation privately with some of them, especially those who are curious to think that something like this might happened in the future and about other counterfoils, discipline, and seriousness of our brothers and sisters with you.

With all of this in mind I said to my friends, they are doing what we think of them and what is good for the community. Now, what I am seeing had made me think about the entire thing we saw in the past. I am an ordinary son and brother in this community who is hurting so much because of the events of December 15, 203 it hurt, but I could not ignore it. I rather message you in a brotherly manner than hurting our community who is already hurts by Salva Kirr and the Nuer who pretend to be Nuer but letting their own people dying on their watch at UNIMISS CAMPS.

In the time of killings of the Nuer by Salva Kirr, a certain ruler who was voted on by the Nuer people will one day meaningfully answer many questions as to why, why Nuer people? The unwelcome answer by many now would be “UNIFICATION of the SPLM, I would rather seek otherwise. Jesus once said to Master: “Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.”

When the ruler heard this, “he was very sorrowful: for he was very rich” and “And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, how hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!” How people handle their earthly riches is among the great tests they have in life.

In the end, I rather am faithful to say that, sending wrong words out can tremendously cause tragic and my message is that while reading a piece titled “How Dr. Riek Machar Set Himself Up for Failure” I think there is much to be learn there. In 21 century, almost every one dismissed “assume to be or live by assuming that thing will overnight be ok.


Gatluke Chuol Reat, the author, can be reached at