The History of South Sudan


By John Kuek,



Oct 25, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — To fully understand the nature of the current civil war, one needs to revisit the history of the region now known as the South Sudan. The history of the country is largely intertwined within four key sociocultural phenomena: Tribal alliances and rivalries, language/dialectic differences, various religions and their belief systems, and geography. Collectively, these phenomena define the lingering sociopolitical struggles of this country. South Sudan is a landlocked country in eastern Africa with plains in the north and center, and highlands in the south along the border with Uganda and Kenya. The “White Nile”, a tributary of the great Nile River, flows from the north through the country. This river is the major geographic feature of the country and supports agriculture and large wild-life populations. South Sudan is bordered by the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, and Uganda. While the history of the country of South Sudan is very brief, the region has a history dating back thousands of years (Metz, 1991). After decades of political disagreement including warfare between the South Sudan and the Republic of Sudan, South Sudan finally gained independence in July 2011. Since then, South Sudan has been a country in deep turmoil with many growing pains, most notably a tribal conflict between the president and former vice president.

As a result, South Sudan could not happily celebrate its third year of existence as an independent country due to a war that broke out on December 15, 2013. The reason for this conflict is both simple and complex. On the one hand, the president and former vice president are from two distinct tribes who promised to work together. Yet, their respective tribes’ mistrust of each other immediately caused each leader to accuse the other of political oppression, war-mongering, and the fomenting a dictatorship. On the other hand, this civil war, which has become genocidal, is very complex because the government has been both corrupt and disorganized, has managed poorly its resources and economy, and has lost the complete confidence of many countries that initially provided assistance including the United States and Great Britain. Also, many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have abandoned the country because of death threats and political instability. At this moment, it is sad to say that there exists no stable infrastructure in South Sudan and instead, chaos and anarchy pervades the landscape. In turn, the long-standing ethnic hatred and rivalry between the Dinka and Nuer tribes has heightened to a point of no return, with violence spread throughout the country.

Read: The Full Article

Statement by Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, of the SPM/A in Opposition at SPLM intra-party dialogue, Arusha, Tanzania

Ndugu Jakaya Mrisha Kikwete

President of the United Republic of Tanzania

Chairman of Chama Cha Mapinduzi

Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit

Comrade Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon

Comrade AbdulrahamanKinana

Secretary General, CCM

Comrade Bernard Membe

Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

United Republic of Tanzania

Comrade John Samuel Malecela

Chairman of the Intra-SPLM Dialogue

Comrade Daniel Awet Akot

Comrade Pagan Amum Okiech

Comrades, Members of the sisterly Party Chama Cha Mapinduzi

Comrades, Members of the SPLM

Dr. Adwok Nyaba siting at the far right in SPLM - IO leaders photo in Nairobi Kenya, following the SPLM-IO meetings.(Photo: via Bangoang/Nyamilepedia)

Dr. Adwok Nyaba siting at the far right in SPLM – IO leaders photo in Nairobi Kenya, following the SPLM-IO meetings.(Photo: via Bangoang/Nyamilepedia)

Ladies and gentlemen

It is indeed humbling to be part of this process, the Intra-SPLM Dialogue, aimed at reunification of the SPLM. We are all witnesses to what occurred in our country, South Sudan. We have accepted the responsibility and owe our people apology for the agony to which we have subjected them.


No situation remains the same. The carnage that happened since December 2013 must be transformed into its opposite sooner than later. I must add here the catastrophe was a blessing in disguise. It is a blessing in that South Sudan and its people will never go through this again. The lessons we learned from this sad experience and which we will continue to learn in this Intra-SPLM Dialogue shall constitute the torch that will light our path to the future.

The Framework for the Intra-SPLM Dialogue marks the beginning of the road to reconcile and reunite the SPLM and the people of South Sudan. It underscores the importance of unity as a source of strength and stability, and a guarantee for prosperity of our people.

On behalf of my delegation in the Preparatory Team of the SPLM/SPLA, I take this opportunity to thanks and congratulate Comrade AbdulrahamanKinana for this resounding success of this phase.

I take this opportunity to thank my comrades: Cde. Daniel Awet Akot and Cde. Pagan Amum Okiech, for the cordiality, civility and responsibility with which we executed our task.

Thank you very much

South Sudanese Fundraising Party in Anchorage City of Alaska State.

By Khak Banguot

South Sudanese Fundraising Party in Anchorage City of Alaska State.(Photo: supplied)

South Sudanese Fundraising Party in Anchorage City of Alaska State.(Photo: supplied)

October 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) – A week ago, South Sudanese community in Alaska had a fund raising party in support of the Nuer survivors and victims of 15th Dec. 2013 genocide which took placed in Juba South Sudan targeting the Nuer population with their families.

Families of the humiliated Nuer victims gathered in Anchorage city to extend their financial support to the most needy Nuer families back in South Sudan of which many of them are either residing in the Neighboring Countries Refugees camps, UNIMESS or are IDPs within the country.

The event was gracefully blessed with participation of EX MP Hon. Sophia Pal Gai, who was the guest of honor and the patron of the event. The party had attracted all South Sudanese community from all walks of life from faith based groups, Elders, women, youth, Students, Business community, as well as friends of South Sudan. This was the third time the community is conducting fund raising activities in support of the community back home.

Emotions, bitterness and tears filled the spirit of those present remembering their murdered love ones, relatives and friends who were killed, victimized, humiliated, or destroyed in the eve of Dark nights and Days in juba starting from Dec.15th -20th 2013, where thousands of innocent lives were lost without apparent logical reasons.

A fabricated pretext of attempted Coup was explained by the Kiir’s government, the story had been refuted by the world leaders that it was a lie, however, the genesis of this conflict was perceived to be political issue within the ruling Party SPLM but the perpetuators turned it so tribal so that Nuer individuals are killed under the bloody hands of security personnel ordered by the President Kiir, this action had significantly showed lack of good leadership within Government leading to a failed state and a suppression of democracy.

The event started with a word of prayers followed by the National Anthem and a one minute observance of silence in remembrance of all the fallen innocent victims who were victimized because of their ethnicity, culture and were undignified buried in mass graves or left for the dogs to feed on.

As the event continued, few recognized individuals were given speeches to encourage the community as such they urged the IGAD mediators to listen to the voices of ordinary people who demand peace in the country, they said all the root causes pertaining to the current civil war be addressed in IGAD let peace process, they would like to see an adoption of federal system of governance within a permanent constitution, they want to see a total Democratic transformation in all government institutions including the security, a transformation of the SPLM party, a unified transitional government with structures of responsibilities which will conduct fresh elections within specific time frame, not forgetting aspect of national reconciliations and healing while strongly recommend an accountability and justice be taken against the perpetuators of this horrific genocide.

Hon. Sophia who was the guest of honor, encouraged the community to rally behind a visionary leader who will take South Sudan forward and have plans for a better South as the current leader Salva Kiir failed to take the country forth, she said we need a leader that will respect and accommodate all diverse cultures within the country, removing tribal politics and use the constitution for the welfare of every citizen, stating that tribal leadership has been practiced by Kiir’s regime to the highest order when he first killed the Murle people than killed the Nuer people in the name of a Coup, imposing war against the will of people causing unnecessary suffering to the people of South Sudan, she called upon the people to unite as South Sudanese community worldwide regardless of the tribe they come from since God is the one who created all tribes in South Sudan, we’ve existed as people of South Sudan and will always do, we need peace within ourselves and forgive each others.

She said as People of South Sudan, we should not hate all Dinka brothers ro sisters, they are not all bad, that’s why Dr. Riek Machar has Dinka in The SPLM Leadership council Structures, these people are standing with us and with the truth, they want to see Democratic reforms in the Country, they didn’t like what President Kiir was doing against Nuer people, we have to know that some Dinkas are also suffering under Kiir administration, that’s why they were five members from Dinka community who were imprison by Kiir and now representing the SPLM Leaders as Former SPLM Political Detainees out of 11.

Sophia concluded her speech by saying that let the blood of all murdered victims of Nuers community be remembered for total democratic transformation of the Country so that no more dictator be allow to hail as a President again. She also urged the people to advocate only for a Just Peace so that the country is back to truck in the path of development and progress.

Finally Hon. Sophia encouraged the people to study hard so as to be used in future as the seed of reconstruction of the South after it has been destroyed by a regime that imposed the current war on people, corrupt entity with poor leadership style. The party managed to secure a considerable amount of funds to be sent back home in support of the Nuer families and victims. The organizing team distributed awards to few individuals who have working tirelessly in the community since the eruption of the conflict in December 2013.

Best regards

Khak Banguot

Chairperson of South Sudan crisis management team

Anchorage Alaska.

A Call for Worldwide Mourning Demonstration

By Zechariah James Machar

Opinion No: 03

Source: Zee Machar/Nyamilepedia

Source: Zee Machar/Nyamilepedia

October 24, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Before I start my argument I want to inform all my readers that the subject of today’s article is built in facts and experience, please carefully read with open heart. By the end of this article I expect you to make note of sufficient tips that will help you monitor rival discussion concerning the Mourning demonstration campaign.

In December 15, 2013 Salva Kiir and his supporters strike for the release of the angel of death which resulted in slaughtering of more than 20,000 Nuer civilians in the country’s capital Juba. President Kiir who masters the killing of Nuer and South Sudanese violated the country’s transitional constitution and deserve to be ousted.

  • President Kiir lied under-oath by creating a fabricating coup in order to eliminate those who are aspiring for the leadership of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) party – ARTICLE 99.
  • Under president Kiir’s administration South Sudan has never been calm since the independent; after July 2011 emerge the massacre of Murle tribe in 2012-2013 than follows by the cleansing of Nuer civilians in Juba – ARTICLE 53 SUB (1).
  • President Kiir invited foreign forces to exterminate certain ethnic group in the country without the national legislature’s approval which legalized the racial execution and crimes against humanity – ARTICLE 103 SUB (2).
  • Traditional chief (Sultan) Kiir recruited over 3,000 presidential own private army from his clan who conducted the December 15 door to door slaughtering – ARTICLE 151 SUB (33).

There are other numerous articles that can guarantee president Kiir’s removal yet today’s article focuses on mourning demonstration campaign.

Demonstration is a public meeting or stride protesting against something or expressing views on political issue. Today I am here to introduce you a new method of demonstration where silence and rising of placard is optimum. Since the outset of 2010, African and Arab countries are in chaos, government don’t dare to permit any clamor public rally that’s why a mute mourning demonstration must be arranged in commemoration of December fifteenth’s deceases.

As we mobilize and prepare the outfit of the demonstration we will meet three different personalities who will constantly try to turn down the well organized turnout.


The bribe elders and friends: these are the people who received certain amount of money from Kiir’s government in order to mobilize and monitor Kiir’s critic’s activities; their persuading tactics are:

  • Security: Demonstration security is their major obstacle; they will try to convince you that you cannot compare your residing African or Arab country with Western world where freedom of expression is respected.
  • Isolation: This is an old time trick used by ancient enemies to divide people into countries (in case there are foreigners), states, counties, districts, and families to guarantee their dissociation. The bribe elder will use this trick in form of advice to segregate the demonstration organizers.
  • Sudden alignment: In this phase the bribe elders strategically utilize telephone calls and special visit to gently criticize the demonstration operators. They will privately remain you of your personal duties to coax you to disown the protest. “Sudden relationship is a way of fooling people and a ploy to hijack an idea.”
  • Bribery: Kiir’s government agents will wisely answer your financial needs as a means of transportation, gifts, and date. “An intelligent way to bribe a wise man is by showing sympathy”
  • Intimidation: This is the stage where the bribe elders will try to frighten you using phone calls claiming to be security agents or someone who lost his entire family just for being an activist.


The elders and friends with pride are the people who isolated themselves and call themselves community intellectuals; they are popularly known to be former community leaders. They oppose the demonstration because they do not own the idea, that’s means they wanted the protest idea to derive from them for people to praise them and give them the credibility of being creative.


The scared elders and friends are those who experienced the war and they are psychologically controlled by fear. They will share with you their terror imagination and try to convince you that you are too young to publicly disclose your objections. Unfortunately; we should not blame them for self and community-destructive because they are intentionally clear and sincere, their problem is the chronic fear that took over their braveness and master their mind functioning but watch out or you will be influence.

Location of demonstration

After studying several locations, I ultimately came up with three places to determine the convenient location to hold your protest in the country of resident.

  • United Nation office: The UN is an intergovernmental organization established on October 24, 1945 to promote international co-operation. The organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. At its time founding, the united nation had 51 members’ states; there are now 193. Their objective is to help countries torn by conflict find sustainable peace. It will be an excellent choice to hold your protest at the UN office. The United Nation is fully authorize to mediate and brings an end to international issues, just as they did to Muamar Muhammad Abu Minyar Al-Gaddafi of Libya when they called in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to terminate the world dictator according to their point of view.
  • African Union office: The AU is an amalgamation of African head of states that was founded on May 26, 2001 in Addis Ababa to replace the organization of African Unity – founded 25 May 1963. The vision of AU is an integrated, prosperous and peaceful African driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in global arena. They mediate continental issues like the independent of Eritrea in 1993 and South Sudan in 2011. The AU can assist us removing Salva Kiir Mayardit, the 21st century dictator.
  • Intergovernmental authority on development (IGAD) office: This is the East African regional organization which was established in 1986 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Their mission is to assist and complement the efforts of the member states to achieve increase of co-operation in food security and maintenance of peace, security and humanitarian affairs. The regional government must acknowledge that the ending of South Sudan civil war is their primary task that they will never escape; their success will pave ways for the citizens to endorse them and their failure will create more critics.

    IGAD and AU must work together to convey an infinite peace to the region. They must find solution to the ongoing conflicts in South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, Central Africa Republic, Congo, Eritrea, Nigeria, Liberia and many more. The two organizations (IGAD-AU) must confront the government of China concerning their military aiding to Kiir’s and many other African’s governments.

The Chinese government has an effective physical action that can help South Sudan obtains sustainable peace by withdrawing their employees and tools back to China. President Xi Jinping of China and his counterpart Vladimir Putin of Russia must refrain from military & economic support to South Sudan.

Dear patriot South Sudanese, rejoice with those who rejoice, mourn with those who mourn (Romans 12:5). Wherever you live you should always remember that you are originally a South Sudanese. The true patriots of South Sudan constantly remember to do something about the war that torn our country apart. South Sudan was put to turmoil by the self-proclaimed president Salva Kiir Mayardit. Mr. Salva Kiir was nominated to lead South Sudan to the referendum of 2010, and then subsequently mandated to lead the new nation after the independent in 2011; he was not elected. Today South Sudan is independent and its first election is yet to be scheduled.

Salva Kiir is not our country’s president simply because he contravened his due mandates, he was nominated to protests and leads the South Sudanese to the Promised Land, but unfortunately he turned and bit the hand that enlightened him. Ordinarily, you don’t elect somebody to kill you or refuse to give back the leadership when require. Salva Kiir have eaten the Apple of death from the Garden of Eden by killing Nuer in Juba and Upper Nile region, Shulluk in Malakal, Dinka in Rumbek and Equatorians.

South Sudan is not a property of Salva Kiir, we the people ought to decide for ourselves and we want peace above personal ego. Kiir and SPLM will be long gone but South Sudan will live to see another day. We have the right to choose for ourselves a new government.

We need peace in peace in South Sudan and that peace cannot be achieved unless Mr. Kiir steps aside because he had become a polarizing figure.

To my precious leaders of South Sudanese communities in the globe, kindly be informed that this message is directed to you; please consider organizing a turnout in remembrance of our deceases. You can also demonstrate to put more pressure to the International community – the must acknowledge that South Sudan case is urgent and needs to be their prime agenda.

For more information about the outfit of the demonstration, please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Long live Democratic Republic of South Sudan!

Long live nationals and citizens of South Sudan!

Zechariah James Machar is a simple South Sudanese who can be approach via

You Better Silence than to put that ugly comment across: this Serve as a Guiding Note for International Commentators and Observers of South Sudan Conflict

By Chuol C. Puoch,


Chuol C. Puoch

Chuol C. Puoch

October 23rd, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — It’s not only disgusting putting a comment in a very sensitive conflict like that of South Sudan base on rumors and imagination, but also a situation worsening, if you didn’t know. I write this piece not as a criticism to the international observers and commentators of South Sudan conflict, but rather a guidance piece on the events that led to the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan as well as the factors contributing on its prolonging.

Honestly, it has been happening not only as a surprise, but instead a shocking, hearing some international friends of South Sudan commenting obliviously and sometime misinformed on the South Sudan conflict’s complexity. Most of them, but surely not all of them, have been seeing the South Sudan conflict as mere tribal mocking and cleansing which would have been addressed in whatever way possible by Salva Kirr, whether militarily or politically and get rid of the Nuer of Riek Machar.

The Nuer as a community had no ground of recognition from the east African Countries for a very long time. Some leaders of the SPLM who were Dinka ethnic group used to lei to the east African in conferences calling other tribes as part of Dinka; there was Dinka-Topossa, Dinka-Nuer, Dinka-Shilluk and just count the rest of the sixty tribes of South Sudan. However, the east African observers didn’t know this community calls Nuer. They didn’t know their social and culture guiding principle which absolutely base on Democracy and equality.

Tribal hatred and differences:

In a brief explanation, the conflict was thought of by the close friends of Salva Kirr in politics, masterminded, designed and supported by Yoweri Museveni of Uganda; it was later fueled by tribal hatred between Dinka and Nuer which led to the Nuer massacre in Juba in the first place.

Dinka and Nuer had never been under one ruling in their societies. From 1960th to 1970th during the Anyanya I struggle, Nuer and Dinka were together in uniforms as soldiers but not in the governance and societal solidarity and prosperity. It was believed that the second enemy of a Dinka or a Nuer after an Arab was Nuer and Dinka respectively. From the Akobo mutiny of 1975 up to 1982, which mark the Anyanya II struggle in the history of South Sudan, the forces of the South Sudanese Liberation Moment/Army (SSLM/A) and their politicians never strongly come together and looked into the tribal tension between the Nuer and the Dinka.

Thus, it was also the case with the SPLM/A after its formation in 1983 especially the events of 1990-91 where some leaders thought to have had the other tribes and ethnicities pocketed with no political existence and strength among others, which eventually led to the division of SPLM/A into two complete different unit: The SPLM/A-Torit faction and the SPLM/A-Nasir faction.

The leaders of all the South Sudanese moments (Anyanya I which started in Torit from 1955, before the Sudan independence to 1972 after Addis Ababa Peace Agreement; Anyanya II which erupted in Akobo in 1975 and lasted till the formation of the SPLM/A in 1983; The SPLM/A of 1983 which is also the current South Sudan Republic) never had a chance to look into the ethnic difference and hatred and especially among the Nilotic tribes of Anyuak, Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, etc.)

However, this conflict, though orchestrated politically, the ethnic aspect of it has been very deadly and divisive which make it the most badly contributing factor on the prolonging of this conflict.

Political Differences and Power Struggle:

SPLM as a political party ruling the Country, is very well associated with ethnic ideologies; even politicians themselves are much more concerned and caring for their tribe mates much more than those whom they shares the same political ideology, objectives and strategies with. This has badly made the South Sudan politics to be dirtier than it is in any other Country on the universe.

The power struggle and political differences is not something new to those who have been following the events in South Sudan from day one. As a matter of example, the SPLM/A was divided in 1991 due to some political differences and power domination which was ethnically motivated. There was the SPLM/A fighting under the ideology of a secular united Sudan base on democracy and unity of all the Sudanese people under the leadership of the Late Dr. John Garang De Mabior. The other SPLM/A was fighting for an Independence South Sudan which would be achieved and governed through the free wills of its people with Democracy and Rule of Law under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon

The SPLM/A remained as different factions up to 2002 reconciliation and unification of ideologies which eventually favored the ideology of Dr. Riek Machar for the independence of South Sudan.

Before the signing of the CPA, Gen Salva Kirr Mayardit was not pleased by the unity of the two SPLM as the case would result into him losing his post as the 1st Deputy of the SPLM/A. He had to point a gun on his boss, Dr. John Garang in 2004 refusing to render his post to Riek Machar as that supposed to have been the case.

Fortunately, through the helps of Dr. Riek Machar himself and the late George Athor Deng (May his soul rest in Peace), Salva Kirr was convinced by the two to not spoil the to-be achieved comprehensive peace agreement with the Sudanese government. Riek assured Salva that he will talk over the issue with John Garang and he ( Salva) would be the 1st Deputy of the moment.

The current war was not a result of an instigated coup against the government; or rather was it a planned ethnic fighting. The war was purely a political fearing by the chairman of the SPLM who is also the president of the Country. He knew, and everyone knew, that he would have lost in the party election and the chairmanship would have been taken by other members of the party and especially Dr. Riek who expressed his interest for it.

Then, Gen. Kirr Mayardit had to cook his mind with the help of his regional friends and the founded solution was to make a self coup to arrest others for it. The real intention was not to imprison all of them, it was to kill the most popular ones and leave the yes-men survive in prison. None of the SPLM leaders planed any coup against the government of Salva Kirr Mayardit.

Not only that, there was absolutely no reason for a coup against somebody who doesn’t defeat you politically as Salva Kirr himself is not an influential leader even in his village, County and State of Warrap, leave alone the whole of South Sudan.

Ideologies versus Ideologies:

Should we pursue the SPLM for a united Sudan or the SPLM for independence of South Sudan? Should we believe in Dinka born to rule ideology or can we say that others can rule?

Can we go for federalism or remain centralized government under the name of decentralization? Should we embrace that clean democracy or remain dictatorship?

Can we rule the Country militarily or should we adopt the best form of governing a diverse Country under democratic political leadership?

All these and many more are the most dividing factors that always lead us to bloodletting confrontation in the history of our Country. Sometime, the above mentioned ideologies are always backed tribally depending on who from which tribe mastering what ideology.

Some More Fact and Realities:

It’s worth mentioning that there has never been any trust among the leaders of SPLM when it come to guiding and shaping the future of the Country. The only place you would find them cooperating is when it comes to looking for position and money in the government.

There is also the fact that even the SPLA troops have their loyalty not to the hierarchical commanders but their tribal general in the army. So, how do we expect such a military to ever unite and protect our Country?

In all those regards, the international commentators and observers only look at the outer surface of the situation without deep analysis to find out the truth. Some blames Riek Machar for this war while in fact he (Riek) was the right target of the conflict. The rebellion was not started by Riek Machar, it was due to the Nuer massacre in Juba by Salva which led Gen. Peter Gatdet Yaka (or Jundi Irag as that is his nick name) to rebel against the government in absent of Riek Machar who was running in the bush for his dear life. Peter Gatdet fired his first bullet two days after the massacre and Riek Machar arrived some 7 days later after managing to escape from Juba.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But in Nairobi in time of writing this piece) he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: . You can also access and follow his words on

South Sudanese -American hip hop Artist Jay K’s Opinion on Dec 15 conflict!

By Makoy Kuong Thong


Jay K

October 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — South Sudanese -American raised hip hop artist Jay K shares his opinions about the Dec 15 conflict that occurred in juba and led the country into civil war. Jay K decried how this war devastated the efforts to develop the country that was destroyed during the Sudan North-South conflict. During an interview with him, Jay K gives an experience which he had gone through at his childhood in a conflicted area then Sudan in relations to the current civil war in South Sudan.

(Q) When were you born and where?

(A) I was born in 1989 in Leer and in 1997 at the age of 8 my mother took me and my siblings to Khartoum after Leer being burnt down by pro-Khartoum militias. The situation at that time was horrible because people could be killed and others were left without shelters and food but we managed to reach to Khartoum through difficult journey.

(Q) How was life in Khartoum after leaving your home town in Bentiu?

(A) It was not fair because South Sudanese at that time used to be sheltered under big building where the Arabs throw their trench yet the country belonged to all Sudanese.

(Q)You seem to have more Western cultures, which particular country in the West did you go to?

(A) I went to United State at the end of 2002 when I was 12 going to 13years and settled there for ten years as a permanent residence, America was good country because their government do provided us with basic services such as shelters, food, education, health care for free and also giving jobs latter compared to Sudan government that treated us as slaves.

(Q)America is a good country why did u come back to Africa?

(A) I came to Africa because it’s my mother land and I love it the reason we went to U.S in the first place was because the war that was taking place in Sudan my mom didn’t like the way we as South Sudanese were being treated by the Northerners so when she got the chance to get us out of the country and we took off. After our country had its independence I through it was a big blessing so I came back to promote my music locally.

(Q) How did you reach to U.S because at that time Sudan government bared going abroad and your mother I believed had no job to afford travel versa?

(A) It was hard to get out of the country but my uncle Peter Thiep was already in the united state so he uses to provide us with money for food and my mom used to get money out of distilled alcohol and she saved up enough for us to get the train to Egypt. When we got to Egypt my uncle sends us a visa just to try if it will work so we did that and just like that we were accepted.

(Q)Coming back to the current situation in South Sudan, how do you feel about the ongoing conflict in the country?

(A) About the conflict I would say that I am very disappointed. I mean we fought for over 21 years and we finally had our independence but not more than 2 years latter we are now turning to kill one another so what did we fight for all those years?. I still don’t believe it had really happened it was nothing that I expected at all. I was looking forward to a one united south Sudanese and putting our hands together, develop our country and promote unity not killing people based on tribes. What had happened in juba should not have been done by someone or government who in his right mind I think lack of education was the causes of the conflict maybe if we had leaders who are well educated and understand the importance of a human being, innocent citizens would not been killed because of their tribe.

(Q)What advice can you give to South Sudanese leaders?

(A) I can only tell them that killing innocent people just because of the tribe they come from is not the right solution to your political Issues. If u have personal issue with any politician or u fear that they might taken over your position or maybe they have better quality to lead then do not take it on the people of his/her tribe. The people you killed could be the one who wanted you in power so instead of killing them you should have protected them.

(Q)You are a musician for how long have u been doing music?

(A) I have been doing music for 8 years and I have been in love with it since I was 12 years and started my first recoding when I was 16 in United State of America.

(Q) What motivated you to do music?

(A) I grow up listening to music my mother used to sing traditional songs in Nuer language at weddings, I used to watch her singing and saw how people showed her love so I always wanted that power. But what motivate me the most is the fact that I can educate and change people life’s just through three minutes song. Having the power of getting a group of an individual coming together and listen to what I have to say is what motivates me to come up with good music.

(Q)What do you talk about in your music and what message have you been passing through your songs?

(A) In my music I sing about love and I also educated people about things I see around me, for example if a government do something wrong I express my feeling and pass the message through songs. I also advice the government through songs if there is something I feel they should do for the public I put it in a song hoping they will learn from it.

(Q)Do you have any song about the current conflict in South Sudan?

(A)Yes I have two songs about the conflict. I have one call (Disappointed) which is based on how disappointed I was about the tribal killing in juba. I was disappointed that my so call leaders have taken my young nation back to the war just because of their political interest. I personally love justice, equality, and freedom so I have a song call (freedom fighters.) I fight for freedom to dress myself the way I want, be friend with who I want, sing the music that I love, fall in love with any girl regardless of the tribe she comes from. I love freedom I am a freedom fighter.

(Q) Jay kay where can audiences get your music?

(A) They can get my music on ( just by typing jay kay) they can look me up on ( by typing jaykoung1) even ( generol jay

In a conclusion, Jay K who is a Hip hop artist will have a live show on Friday 31 Oct 2014 at Shark@ttck opposite to Supper stare restaurant at Bunga Soya area in Kampala Uganda.

The artist was interviewed by Makoy Kuong Thong and he can be reach

Opening Statement by Comrade Pagan Amum Okiech, SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees) 20th, October, 2014, Arusha, Tanzania

Your Excellency, Ndugu Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Chairman of Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM),

Your Excellency, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan and Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM),

Your Excellency, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, First Deputy Chairman of the SPLM,

Mzee John Samuel Malecela, Former Prime Minister and Former Deputy Chairman of CCM and Chairman of this Intra-SPLM Dialogue,

Excellencies, the Secretary General of CCMand the Foreign Minister of Tanzania,

Honourable Delegates from the SPLM divided family,

The last four political detainees, Oyai Deng Ajak, Pagan Amum, Majak Agot and Ezekiel Lol Gatkouth booing the kangoro court before their release in April, 2014(Photo: file)

The last four political detainees, Oyai Deng Ajak, Pagan Amum, Majak Agot and Ezekiel Lol Gatkouth booing the kangoro court before their release in April, 2014(Photo: file)

Ladies and Gentlemen,

October 23, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — On behalf of the SPLM Leaders, who were detained following the crisis of December 15th, 2013 for calling for reforms and internal democracy within the party and on my own behalf, I take this opportunity to thank Ndugu Chairman of CCM for extending his solidarity by convening this Intra-SPLM dialogue in the beautiful city of Arusha.  We wholeheartedly appreciate this facilitation by CCM and the support of Crisis Management Initiative (CMI).  Offering the SPLM family this forum and a conducive environment for dialogue is like extending a ladder to somebody who has thrown himself/herself in a deep pit.  Unless we choose to get out of the pit by climbing up, the ladder alone will not get us out.  Therefore, we must climb the ladder provided to us by CCM in order to come out of the abyss we have landed ourselves into.

Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates,

The Secretary General of CCM, Ndugu Abdulrahman Kinana, wisely made it clear the other day that their support and solidarity is out of historical commitment to support and help the African Liberation Movements mend their differences and heal their rifts whenever that occurred, without unhealthy interference.  CCM is making it clear that it shall not diagnose our ailment and problem.  In other words, CCM will not give the SPLM a prescription or a recipe but rather it provides only a forum, a conducive environment and the moral encouragement for us, the SPLM leaders, to take advantage and the courage to accept the reality that we have the responsibility, in fact a collective responsibility, for the current crisis in the country.  This crisis, as we all know, emanated from failure of leadership, resulting in differences among the top SPLM leaders.

Therefore, we must admit this fact and discuss it during the dialogue when we resume in November with open minds and hearts so as to correct ourselves and agree to recommit to the core values and fundamental principles of our Movement.  Let us courageously recognize that we have lost direction and have deviated from the vision of the SPLM.  We have fundamentally gone wrong, divided ourselves and have thrown the country into chaos.  However, it is human to err and fall, the greatest of human spirit is in correcting oneself and rising up from the fall. By admitting such facts, our hearts will be ready to reconcile the differences and heal our self-inflicted wounds.  To do this successfully, we have to move away from finger pointing and blame game and go beyond our egos and fears.  Let us leave judgment to history but for now let us focus our energies in resolving the current crisis by reuniting the divided SPLM family so as to rescue the country from falling into total chaos and disorder.

Finally, inspired by the spirit of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, the founding father of this peaceful and united nation and by the vision of our founding father and hero, Dr John Garang De Mabior, who dreamt of a new and just society at peace with itself and with its neighbors, a common wealth united in its diversity; inspired by this spirit, let us launch this process of the Intra-SPLM Dialogue in order to return the party to its glory and provide collective visionary leadership to the people of South Sudan in this second phase of state and nation building.  We, the SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees), are certain that the SPLM vision shall come to fruition.  As SPLM committed cadres, we will engage in this dialogue with open hearts and minds in order to reunite the SPLM and realize its vision of a free, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan.

Oh God bless South Sudan!

SPLM Oyee!

CCM Oyee!

Thank you.