Press Statement by Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping

Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping
Former Ambassador to the United Nations (New York), Former Chairman of the G77+China
Member of National Liberation Council for Lakes State.

Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping, Hon. Henry Dilay among other politicians meet with Dr. Riek Machar in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(Photo: Via Dr. Machar profiles)

Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping (to the right of Dr. Machar) Hon. Henry Dilay among other politicians meet with Dr. Riek Machar in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(Photo: Via Dr. Machar profiles)

Nov 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Compatriots and comrades, I stand here today, grateful for the diversity of our ethnic heritage as South Sudanese people. In our multitudes we confirm the greatness of our people. We stand here proud that the modern history of South Sudan has been a long marsh for freedom, a determined, unrelenting struggle for emancipation, equality, democracy, and prosperity with the singular aim of building a democratic secular state of our own, a united African nation-state that is ours. A country that is ours all of us, from the Azande, the Anyuak, the Bari, the Collo, the Dinka, the Fertit, the Latuka, the Luo, the Madi, the Mundari, the whole of us as a society, all the multitudes of our people. A country where every one of us, man and woman, elder and child is regarded as free and autonomous, simply by being a person and a descendant of this great historic African nation that constitutes our existential core. It is this indefatigable will to freedom and vision, this African-ness of our being that has empowered our martyrs to sacrifice their lives for over two centuries. It is their dream of freedom, of equality as human beings, their total and absolute rejection of enslavement in its different guises and shapes that prepared over two millions of our people to die in giving birth to country. This newly born country, this newly born republic, we now call South Sudan is their child. It has been delivered to us to nurture, to build into a proud member of the family of nations on earth.

Comrades and compatriots, at this historical junction in the life our country let us remember that it is the struggle of our people for equality as human beings, their proclamation of the Rights of Man and principle of National Sovereignty that willed our people to fight and secure the right of self-determination in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is their fundamental belief in our right as a people, united in purpose and destiny that delivered our independence by way of free voting in an internationally supervised referendum, the first in the world to successfully do so, to the surprise and acclamation of the whole world. It is our people, en masse, in their millions who have achieved and delivered ‘our country’. Nobody else can claim she/he brought us independence. It was not a gift.

And what does our government offer our people, this great nation in return? Not Peace, not democracy, not development, and not prosperity. Only death and suffering.

Our failing government, having lost legitimacy, offers organized political intimidation and violence to silence and eliminate their conscience. Our government, typified and dominated by malfunctioning institutions, offers abject poverty and misery for our ordinary citizens of South Sudan. Our government administers financial collapse and irresponsible borrowing, massive indebtedness and flourishing corruption that is robbing the country of billions of dollars. This vast fertile, water and soil rich land cannot feed herself because its government does not care for the hunger and plight of its citizens. Instead of launching agrarian revolution it wasted hundreds of millions dollars in dodgy corrupt schemes.

Compatriots, our government and state provides no health service, nor education to its citizens. Over 90% of our children are condemned to illiteracy. We have no physical infrastructure, no roads, no clean drinking water and sanitation and no electricity. And no salaries to our people.

Comrades, the list is long. What a shame. With such a track record, only a shameless leadership can forcibly cling to power and political office. If the millions of our people who perished during the liberation struggle rise today from their grave they will cry rivers in anger.

Chief of G-77, Ambassador Lumumba addressing climate change in Copenhagen(Photo: Democracy Now)

Chief of G-77, Ambassador Lumumba addressing climate change in Copenhagen(Photo: Democracy Now)

As if that is not enough, compatriots. We have a government that has chosen to give away our national sovereignty and territory, as we have seen in Mile-14 and the presence of foreign troops and foreign military advisors to maintain-in-power a regime as politically and morally bankrupt as never witnessed in the region. South Sudan is being reduced into an animal farm where free and open participation of our citizens in the public of their repubic is absolutely denied, where minds are being closed, where wisdom and morals are thrown into the bins. Nobody ever thought that one day, South Sudan, as an independent state, will be reduced into a failing state where 100+ women were raped in one city, in one month as it happened in Wau. Who among our leaders, from Anyanya I, Anyanya 2, the SPLM-founders and martyrs, from the Southern Front, the SANU, SAK and the Liberal party who died before 2005, would believe South Sudan would become a country were, women from good families would offer themselves outside foreign exchange bureaus, in order to feed their children. Men, youth and children will be begging in the streets.

Compatriots: We have a state and a government that has, for its entire ruling-life, refused to deliver human security, let alone, law and order as witnessed in Lakes State where innocent citizens and youth have been encouraged and armed to create a state of anarchy for the political use and benefit of our ruling elite. As we speak now, the average daily death count is 15 people in a quiet day. The count rises to 150 heads, some days. And notwithstanding this carnage and bloodshed, the President remains indifferent and disinterested. The President does not feel the pain of the people of Lake State whether Agar, Gok or Yirol People. The people of Lakes do understand that they are being decidedly and systematically marginalized and ‘destituted’. They know that they are being treated as if they are ‘others’, citizens of another country.

Compatriots, what is happening in the Lakes State is another ‘massacre’ overseen and masterminded in a slow-motion. Lakes State is being reduced into a ditch of atrocities, violence and gross violations of human rights. This got to stop. We have got to end a regime that delights in the suffering of our people. We have got to stop this system that thinks Lakes role in South Sudan is servitude and supply of unpaid soldiers to advance their undemocratic and corrupt rule.

The root causes of this shocking state-failure, this near state-collapse and this catastrophic situation that our country faces today are many and deeply embedded in the history of our final-leg of our liberation struggle and in the SPLM/A system of governance. To start with, the fact that our liberation struggle had taken a form of a civil war fought principally in South Sudan and not as a direct anti-colonial struggle has generated deep and cumulative divisions that fractured our national social fabric and cohesion. Within the war of liberation, there were many other violent confrontations. Some were open wars and some were clandestine. There were violent and silent enmities among the Dinka as a group. You would remember the enmities and insults publicly traded between Bahr el Ghazal community and Bor community, the Dinka of Rumbek and Greater Gogrial. Then there were violent strives between the Nuer and the Dinka. There were battles between Mundari and other Equatorians against the Dinka and Nuer, to name a few. Our leaders were the ones who promoted disharmony amongst us.

All these strives, rifts and divisions were all about power struggle, personal and ideological. And they go far back to the time when some of our leaders decided to use violence to coerce and force to submission Anyanya 2 forces. It started with assassinations of Samuel Gai Tut, Benjamin Bol Akok, Martin Majier, Nyachigaak Nyaciluk, Martin Makur Alleu and Joseph Malath Lueth. So there is nothing new about the Government refusing dialogue and persuasion to convince the citizen of South Sudan to its vision. Of course they have none. They have to revert to repression as the only means of prevailing politically. The government has to lie and fabricate stories of ‘numerous coups’ to justify its oppressive methods. So there is nothing new about the Juba massacre. Nothing new about the daily butchery in Rumbek.

Comrades what concerns us here is not who killed who. What concerns us is that we have become a socially fragile society. And the demands of our community is equal recognition, equal participation, equal representation and equal rights as South Sudanese. We have to find a permanent and sustainable peace, reconciliation and harmony amongst. There must be justice amongst us.

It is deeply disturbing that even after independence, there continue to live, in the leadership of the ruling-party, a strong under-current that rejects dialogue and reason and a strong sub-culture that opposes all reforms aimed at enabling our people to choose their system of governance and the model of state they dream of. The government is under-control of a looting-unthinking group bent on denying democracy, enlightenment and progress. Their response to every call for good governance is, ‘We are only two years old.’ They are the advocates of ‘development in reverse.’ This is now the culture, the ideology and praxis that dominates the politics of South Sudan; deliberate impunity.

Compatriots, this way of governing will ruin our country beyond repair. This impunity and way of governing is doomed. Throughout history of humanity the way to truth, progress and democracy have always won against tyranny and tyrants who thought they were invincible. The truth shall shine and the meek shall prevail. So said the prophets.

What we advocate is total and systemic reform and transformation of our country. As I have opined, as one of the authors of the SPLM Manifesto 2013, ‘Our goal is to establish a strong democratic developmental state committed to principles of good governance, transparency and accountability and fight against corruption … to make the quality of life for every citizen our only priority.’ It is critical that we build ‘a state with the legitimate mandate, full authority and unmatched capabilities to drive the process of progressive national economic transformation and to intervene in all levels of our society in ways that shall secure our national patrimony and promote greater justice, equality, social welfare and fairness.’

Compatriots, Federalism is the most efficient and the surest system of governance that will deliver the trinity of democracy, development and unity. A federal democratic developmental state is our only way to salvation and recovery. Federalism will undeniably pave the way for an ever perfecting unification of our people as African people united in purpose and destiny. We are first and foremost South Sudanese and forever Africans.

Compatriots, notwithstanding, the current ethnic horrors and communal rifts and jingoism, we share only one destiny. The purpose and fundamental justification for the existence of our Republic, Country and State, is to strengthen the capability of every woman, man and child to participate democratically and fully in, contribute amply to, and benefit in just proportion from the economic, political and moral life of our nation. That is the essence of the Federal dispensation we are calling for. Federalism is not a new hegemony of any ethnic group. It is an equalizer of all of us. It is equity, development and democratization. Federalism is a decentralized system of subsidiarity. It is system of co-responsibility between institutions of governance at the central, regional and local levels. Federalism is not an ethnic heaven. Three is nothing to stop the people of Yirol and Mundari to establish a federal state if they choose to do so. Federalism is a system of empowering citizens of our country to participate fully in running the affairs of South Sudan.

Comrades, the demands for peace, democracy and development and for federalism will not come to light before we bring about a genuine power sharing transitional government. At the heart of this power sharing arrangement is the giving of genuine executive powers to both the President and the Prime Minister. Power sharing is the only way of securing a sustainable peace in our country. Why? Because, first, it is a system designed to restore national unity, to establish order and rule of law in our country, and to give our executive branch of our government the authority necessary for them to fulfill their mandate under the watchful eye an empowered parliament. Secondly, it is a system that will rid us of any authoritarianism and or type of democracies that enable the ‘corrupt fact cats of our country from dominating absolutely the politics of South Sudan and thus creating massive inequalities and injustices that will lead ultimately to systemic failure of our country. Thirdly, genuine power sharing between the President and the Prime Minister will eliminate the possibility of any jingoist using ethnic ideology from rising to power. Furthermore, it is a system that will stop the building up of ethnic hostilities, leading to volcanic eruptions that cause near collapse of our state.

Mr. President without embracing a just peace, without accepting fundamental reforms in our system of governance, and without purging the culture of impunity and corruption, the country will collapse in your hands. It is already teetering. Your legacy will come to naught. History will remember and record you in its annals as the first liberation struggle leader who charted the way to independence and delivered destruction to his people and country. Don’t be misled by sycophants. Do the right thing for Christ sake: embrace change, reform and embrace the hopes of our people or quit. You live in a circle-snake pit. Don’t let them hold guns to your head. If you do not bring a just peace, before history judge you, they will depose you.

Thiang Youth Association Calls on Aid Agencies To Intervene In Humanitarian Crisis In Pangak County!

A  Press-for Immediate-Release,

Thiang Nuer,

The clinic in Old Fangak has treated 1800 cases this year. In newly independent South Sudan, deadly Kala Azar disease is still raging in some of the most remote areas lacking basic health services.

Multiple cases of Kala Azar outbreak being treated at a clinic in Old Fangak in 2012. Upto 1800 cases were reportedly treated that year. Many other health factors affect the people of Pangak county today(Photo: Nyamilepedia version)

Nov 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The influx of the displaced persons (IDPs) from eastern sisterly Pigi County to Old Fangak Payam of Fangak County has been ongoing for the last couple of weeks. This incessant influx was triggered by the recent past clashes in Khorfulus and Canal between the SPLM/A—rebels and GRSS forces, an influx which is now causing looming humanitarian situations there on the ground. About more than thirty thousand (30,000) people have now come from Pigi and settled in the Southern part of Fangak County in addition to another over 18,000 displaced people from Unity state who came in since January, 2014 at the beginning of the crisis.

As may be widely known to everybody, the large part of Fangak County is situated in an Island; almost it is a swampy area intersects by multiple number of small rivers—streams. Thus, Floodwater from Phow River and these small streams does easily reach residential areas, so it has now over flooded several villages in and around Toch, Old Fangak and Mareang Payams among others which of cause displaced residents from their homes villages. These floods as well can pose not only the displaced persons IDPs to be susceptible to water accompany diseases—water borne diseases but also to those living in high pieces of lands near it. Right away, the floods forced some of the Thiang community members to move to Lak’s areas northward, this month, in search of high lands in order to wait there until the months of December comes and then return. Even the cattle on which many people depend are also dying from diseases because they cannot get any medications either.

To round it up, the total number of IDPs from Pigi and floods displaced ones in Fangak county’s Old Fangak Payam and other parts is now estimated to have reached more or less than forty-five thousands (45) internal displaced persons (IDPs). However, these people are in an extreme dire need of humanitarian assistances. Therefore, we are calling upon the UN including World Food Program (WFP) and all International Humanitarian Agencies (NGOs) to step in, provide and deliver both food & none food items for the displaced persons (IDPs) there in the county. The none food items should include mosquito nets, plastic sheets, blankets, fisher nets, hooks, saucepans, plates, buckets, cooking & all basic needs containers. Additionally, the provisions of environments Sanitations too and Medical relief donation to help treat the fatal but preventable diseases affecting the people as well as livestock mostly in Toch and Mareang Payams are urgently needed.

Lastly and not the least, we are also calling upon the International Community to mount punitive measures on South Sudan’s peace blockers who cling on personal gains at the expense of South Sudanese innocent populations, should they fail to bring peace (balanced sharing of powers) through IGAD-mediated peace process in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at the next last round of talks. So that the sufferings of South Sudan population across the country, the displaced internally (IDPs) and in neighboring countries-Refuges; from the present catastrophic situations come to an end.

Signed by:

Manyun Guek, Chairperson

Thiang Nuer Youth Association (T.N.Y.A)

For contact:

How The Deputy NCP Chairman Dr Riek Gai Worships Masters!

By James Gai Tot Deng

Dr Riek Gai Kok AND Dr. Marial Benjamin welcoming president Salva Kiir in Juba(Photo: supplied)

Dr Riek Gai Kok AND Dr. Marial Benjamin welcoming president Salva Kiir in Juba(Photo: supplied)

Nov 21, 2014(Nyamilepedia) – This is a piece of an opinion authored to bring to light how dangerous in the political arena is Dr Riek Gai Kok. For those of you who do not know him,,Riek Gai is the current Minister of Health in the cabinet of Salva Kiir( aka Kuethpiny Atem) and had served in many political posts when he was a diehard NCP cadre. The guy began as a Captain in the SPLA in-charge of medical supplies in Kapoeta soon after finishing his military training from the SPLA school of Political Ideologies and war strategies at Bonga in Ethiopia.

When the movement split into Nasir and Torit factions respectively, he joined the Nasir faction and rose rapidly to the rank of commander and was appointed to the NLC membership, the second highest decision making body after INEC in the Akobo Convention in 1994 .Those accelerated promotions were predicated on educational qualifications and most importantly against Justice John Luk who had a shaky working relationships with Dr Riek Machar. Riek Gai was reported to have had a hand in the arrest of John Luk in 1993-94.

He was among those who persuaded Dr Riek Machar, not with the best of intentions, to sign the political charter in 1997 with Khartoum Government which culminated in the conclusion of Khartoum peace agreement. Subsequent to that, he was appointed as a governor of Jonglei State and served two terms. When the Khartoum peace agreement was ratified by a Republican decree no 14, Dr Riek Machar formed UDSF, which became the political wing of SSDF as the South Sudan Defense Forces later became known. Behind the scene, Riek Gai, who is none the wiser, and given his natural lust for power, defected to the NCP and was appointed Deputy Secretary General.

Through wits and witches, he rose to become Deputy NCP Chairman and in-charge of Southern Sector. Riek Gai who is known for being a self-seeking politician with a sense of ego-centrism, fell out with many NCP leaders in the persons of Dr Nafie Ali Nafie and Ustaz Ali Osman as well as all the Southern politicians in the North. He was hated to death and he was spared only by Omer Al Bashir who, out of humane sympathy, made him to stay in the political hierarchy of NCP. He vehemently contributed in the falling out of Turabi and Omer Al Bashir. It is worth mentioning that he was siding with Turabi in the first place, but because of his betrayals and cowardice, he changed side to Omer Al Bashir and was the first to congratulate Omer Al Bashir when Turabi and his aides were thrown into Kober prison. He was crowned as one of the golden boys in the NCP epicenter to the extent that he was married off an Arab lady who later separated from him because of his being polygamous and inconsistency.

Riek Gai on several occasions used to utter political rhetorics that he would never coalesce with the Dinka under any circumstances and the author is today baffled to see the guy licking the boots of Salva and at one time seen addressing the Dinka in Rumbek in a broken Dinka language during the inauguration of Mayardit Women’s hospital, a signal of allegiance to Salva and the Dinka.

With the signing of the CPA leading up to the Independence, he was brought to Juba by Dr Majak Agot, then the Deputy Director General of NISS in Khartoum to reconcile him with the SPLM leadership and most importantly Salva Kiir. Later on he stabbed in the back the same Majak who accommodated him in a very expensive Juba Regency Hotel behind John Garang International School where he is still residing up to now.

Being very good at manipulating people and a consummate liar by nature,he managed to infiltrate the Presidential camp using small boys around the President. The author has been informed that he was one of those who advised Salva Kiir to sack Riek Machar on false testimony that he has no popularity in the Nuer territory. It later turned out that the President was tempted by these power hungry and self-fish Nuer politicians and now regretting. Riek Gai and company are responsible for the lives and properties lost because they misled the President through blackmailing and dishonest manipulations. I pray that the souls of the innocent Nuer massacred by the Dinka Gelweng on orders of Salva, do not forgive them to enjoy the flavours of life.

Riek Gai 2

The Nuer politicians begging assurance from Salva Kiir to protect them if peace come to the country

He is on record on several occasions that the Dinka are killed by the Nuer forgetting the fact that the killing of the Dinka where it happened was a reaction by the Nuer who had to avenge for the death of their beloved ones. Informed sources said that he was behind the sacking of Gen James Hoth and Maj.Gen Mac Paul respectively and that he is now advising the President to unify the two security bureaus and appoint only one Director-general who would definitely be the current DG of Internal Security Bureau.This is also a ploy by the same Riek Gai to sideline Maj.Gen Duoth Guet. The other intention of Riek Gai is to make sure that the Lou Nuer land is invaded by the Dinka militias. He was heard one time saying that there would be no peace in this country if the government does not occupy the Lou territory. He mistakenly thought he would win the trust and confidence of Salva when the Lou Nuer land is occupied by the Kiir’s militias. When Salva reached an agreement with Riek Machar on the power sharing matrix, he said it was a betrayal by Kiir for accepting to agree with Riek Machar.His calculation was that if Riek Machar comes back to Juba,he would not find a place in the government.There are rumours that the frequent stalling of the peace talks are his making.

How can Riek Gai, who has failed to manage even his own house, boasts that he is a responsible person who can rule others? He is nowadays confusing the public by whitewashing buildings in the JTH that he is vigorously working. The Public health Lab was built in 1974 and I wondered how the President could accept to be misled by officially opening it with a wide media coverage amid ululations by poor Equatorian nurses and hospital workers. Who would buy such lies from Riek Gai and the like minded?

It is now a public knowledge that Riek Gai is not on speaking terms with the caretaker Governor just because he wants to manipulate Dr Joseph Monytuil on how to run the State, something which has never been heard of. Their area of differences was because Monytuil refused to appoint some disgruntled and naive Unity State boys who are close to Riek Gai feeding him with lies and gossiping. The man is famous for favoring people with little educational backgrounds and who specialized in manufacturing lies and who are indeed sycophants and nincompoops. He has built a personality cult around himself consisting of a coterie of uneducated and semi-literate chaps and idiotic security informers. Riek Gai has no permanent friend because he is unprincipled especially when it is something to do with politics. The President must be careful of this tricky politician otherwise he will find himself in hell. Who would fail to believe that Riek Gai did not win the 2010 general election? He made it to the National Assembly through tricks and maneuvers by the Gadiang group which was headed by Kuol Manyang with the membership of Atem Garang, Malual Mabur, Philip Thon, Professor Lual Achuek Deng, Majak Agot and himself.He is not getting along with any of those mentioned who were in fact his saviors now because it a common knowledge that when the guy is having power, he becomes unfriendly.

His godfather Tellar Ring Takpiny Deng who was a conduit between him and the President has now been posted to Russia on an Ambassadorial job.The author wonders what is his plan B regarding how frequent he would be seeing the President?

When he was appointed to the Ministry of Health, there was a great hope things would go right but to the contrary what he is now doing does not live up to the expectations of the people. A case in point that is the appointment of the medical council which is consisting of dinka and submissive equatorians and denial of the rights (arrears) of the Hospital staff which led to the strike. It was nothing but an attempt to prove himself more capable than other ministers and for him to shine in the public eye especially to those who do not know him well because the guy is very good at worshiping masters. The writer is a political commentator .

He can be reached

South Sudan: More Government Officials Defect to SPLM/SPLA-IO!

Updated at 11:50am, Nov 21, 2014(PST)

Hon. Henery Dicah Odwar the former member of parliament and Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus the former south sudan ambassador to Geneva met Dr. Riek Machar on Nov 19, 2014 after their declaration of joining SPLM-IO(Photo: via Dr. Machar's socials)

Hon. Henery Dicah Odwar the former member of parliament and Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus the former south sudan ambassador to Geneva met Dr. Riek Machar on Nov 19, 2014 after their declaration of joining SPLM-IO(Photo: via Dr. Machar’s socials)

Nov 21, 2014 (Nyamilepedia) — The former South Sudan ambassador to Geneva, Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus and Hon. Henry Dilah Odwar, the former MP representing constituency No.9 of Eastern Equatoria have switched allegiance to SPLM-SPLA faction under the former vice president, Dr. Riek Machar.

The two officials confirmed their declaration yesterday in a meeting with Dr. Riek Machar, the Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/SPLA-IO.

“Today I had a nice meeting with Hon. Henry Dilah Odwar the former member of parliament and Ambassador Lumumba stanislaus the former south sudan ambassador to Geneva after their declaration of joining SPLM.IO” Dr. Riek Machar states.

Hon. Henry Dicay, in a press briefing extended to Nyamilepedia, calls for “an end to the misrule of president Salva Kiir”

“I have joined the Opposition to demand for President Salva Kiir to step down. As you are all aware President Kiir has been in power since  after the dismiss of Dr. John Garang de Mabior.”

According to the former lawmaker, president Salva Kiir’s inept rules have been characterized by but not limited to:

  • Lack of vision and no clear direction of taking the country forward. His recklessness has ended South Sudan in the abyss.
  • Low moral aptitude- inappropriate sexual relations, high consumption of alcohol,
  • Reducing a once mighty SPLA to militia army.
  • Nepotism – the practice elevated to the level of clan and family.
  • Ethnic cleansing: – massacres of ethnic Nuer leading to retaliatory atrocities.
  • Manipulation of the  Constitution and the SPLM party so that he [Kiir] becomes President for life.
  • Corruption – epitomized by A1 Cardinal scandal, Dura Saga, Crisis Management Committee, amassing personal wealth by siphoning public funds through businesses such as ABMC, concocted made-belief insider theft at his office etc,
  • Mismanagement of economy- abhor Appropriation Act and hence are never used;
  • Lack of transparency and accountability – South Sudan has borrowed heavily against oil from different countries and from predatory commodity trading companies.
  • Mismanagement of public funds – Sale of hard currency in the streets for economic empowerment of kith and kin; and
  • Lack of Seriousness in the current IGAD led Peace Talks — vows to adopt Khartoum’s style of power sharing during CPA where Ministers from the Opposition and other Parties shall have no real authority.

Hon. Odwar reiterates that the SPLM-SPLA is a national movement for which the officials have made a conscious decision to join.

“The SPLM/SPLA in Opposition is a National movement that enjoys the support of all South Sudanese. It is for that reason my compatriots and I have taken the stand to join the opposition.”

The former MP calls upon the president to step down for the sake of peace and his own legacy, otherwise the president risks the worst records in the history.

“History is replete with the type of Salva Kiir in the name of Hitler, Bokassa, Idi Amin, Mobutu, Gadafi and Sadam Husein just to mention a few. President Kiir shall not avoid a legacy of being in the historical characterization. I therefore call upon President Salva Kiir to step down not only for the sake of the unity of South Sudan but also for his legacy.”

“I call upon all South Sudanese to raise their voices and ask for the exit of President Salva Kiir and his incompetent government.  and not least, I appeal for the SPLM in government to not die for Salva Kiir”

The MP calls on the foreign troops to go back to their respective countries to protect their people instead of South Sudanese.

“I also take this opportunity to call upon all foreign troops to go back to their respective Countries and protect their own citizens there, not in South Sudan.”

Hon. Odwar calls upon the International Community to support the people of South Sudan but not the government of Salva Kiir, saying:

“Any assistance to Salva Kiir and his government will only prolong the suffering of the people of South Sudan as such assistance will only benefit Salva Kiir and his cohorts”

Interview: People ” are scared of my ability to expose them” – Directer General, Khamis Abdallatif!

By Sebit Manyang Ajith,

Khamis' SSTV

Nov 21, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — This interview was conducted on 17th November in Nairobi by freelance Journalist, Mr. Sebit Manyang Ajith, (SMA) for public consumption. The report below was recorded and edited near verbatim by the interviewer SMA.

Begin the report ….

SMA: Mr. Khamis you were appointed by the president to head the SSTV as director general and recent there was statement on media about the alleged resignation from this post. What is the truth behind this?

Khamis: I did not resigned, what appeared on the media was a forgery by forces which wants me to put me in conflict with my minister and other communities. I issued a statement distancing myself from those rubbish. It’s true the minister issues the order transferring me from my position to the ministry and i objected to that because he has no power to transfer any one appointed by the president. But i did not resign because of that or my disagreement with my minister.

SMA:  there was another allegation about you being a spy for the government and that is why you were arrested with Group10 so that you provide the government with inside information. What do you say about that?

Khamis: this is not true..i was not a spy for anyone. I was arrested because the government believes i was involved in those planning the coup. I was found innocent and was release with many others. Those allegations are coming from those who do not want to see me growing within the government. Why should i spy on people i have been with for many years and they are great leaders.

SMA: recently when the scandal of your resignation came out, it was alleged that you sought help from SPLM-DC chairman Dr. Lam Akol to an extend that  Dr. Lam drafting for you written documents including your reply to the fake resignation letter. Are you a member of SPLM-DC?

Khamis: I am not a member of SPLM-DC. I am a proper SPLM without any DC. But Dr. Lam Akol is my personal friend. We have been friends for many years while we follow our different political paths. He is a great man and i regularly seek help from him on personal basis. There is nothing wrong with that. Even our president seeks help from him sometimes though they have point of disagreement. Many ministers and senior government officials consult Dr. Lam on many issues. Beside he is a leader with many experiences. I consulted him on how to reply to this confusion about my resignation and he gave me good direction. I was emotional and thought that it was written by some junior staff who might have been aggrieve by some of my action but Dr. Lam told me to stay calm. I hope one day the SPLM leadership will accept to reunite with DC so that they can benefit from him.

SMA: you show me copies of many government documents including details of previous financial transactions and copies of bank checks, all incriminating your ministry. Are you planning to leak these documents as way of you fighting Hon. Makuei Lueth for transferring you from your position?

Khamis: these documents are not meant for publication. I show them to you the journalist and other friends to prove that there is corruption everywhere in South Sudan. As much as i respect Hon. Makuei Lueth, he found this ministry completely deep in the corruption. The directors in the ministry have sold properties of government like the land of the SSTV in hai Gonya was sold to the Chinese businessman for 10 million USD. Nobody knows where that money has gone. The players of that deal were Mr. Mustafa Biong and Dr. Marial Benjamin the current minister of foreign affairs. Another scandal is the so called Digital migration project to be implementing by Chinese company ZTE for 200 million USD. Half of that money will go to the former director and some people in the office of the president who inflated the project bill so as to make money. Again the players are Mr. Mustafa Biong, Mr. Paul Baba, three previous ministers are all involved in these dirty deals. There is also another point to this corruption and that is the role played by individuals working in the office of the president. These people are the center of all these deals about land sell and Fake Chinese projects which enable them to make several trips to china on ground that they are following up loans issues with China. I will not publish these documents and many others unless they threaten me again i will release these documents to expose them so that the public knows who are they one destroying south Sudan.

SMA: why are you afraid of being threaten when you have not done anything wrong?

Khamis: i am aware that there are people who want to remove me from government and they are scared of my ability to expose them. There are many groups in South Sudan who are fighting because of the things we did under the NCP. There is also another group that is targeting me from within the SPLM because they are afraid i will win election in Rumbek. My popularity is my threat. I have a reason to believe that these people can even harm me. Especially my former colleagues from NCP they are using dirty tactics.

SMA: your history in NCP seems to be history of dirty games of lies and gossip. Are you sure it is not the same game you are playing in South Sudan today?

Khamis: my friend, i don’t know what you are talking about. Every political environment has its situation. In NCP there is certain things one need to know to remain alive and relevant in the politics of NCP. Working with Arabs required that we be very strict Muslims and almost fanatic to that matter because, that was the political environment within NCP where every senior party member is a shiek and have a mosque at home.  Those who accused me of dirty tricks are also responsible.

SMA: There are sources which alleged that you were once arrested and spent two years in prison in Port Sudan for rape charges. Is there any truth to these allegations?

Khamis: those are fabrications and those things were in the past. I have served my terms and was released thank to the intervention of the then 2nd Vice President of the Sudan prof. Moses Machar for getting the president to release me after one year an half. I did not rape any girl; we had what we had with her consent. She only changes her mind. She was also used by my political enemies to ensure to remove me from political scene.

SMA: in the forge resignation letter, it is stated that you many several defections from SPLM. Could this be related to your defection from the SPLA to SAF in early 80s when you were an SPLA signaler officer?

Khamis: my friend those are old stories. I am not the only who left SPLA during that time to join SAF. This was for various reasons. Whoever is telling you such stories only aim to spoil my names. I left the SPLA and i did not kill anybody. There are many people who are now back in south Sudan after killing many southerners during the war.

SMA: how is your relationship with people of Lakes state? Some sources say that after your quarrel with your brother who was the commissioner of Lake State Police people do not like you very much and would not nominate you for any elective position.

Khamis: my people in Lake State love me very much. Even in the next election I will be elected unopposed if I contest because I am the only politician in Lakes State who have been credibility for serving people. Even in my recent work at the SSTV, they were very happy and people came every day to my office to seek help. I also made sure that better image of Lakes State is presented on SSTV not the part of everyday killing that is being discussed by everybody. There are many good things in Lakes State that are not known. My dispute with my brother was a family matter and we resolved it. He is doing his work.
SMA: Are you going back to Juba soon or will you stay in Kenya?

Khamis: I am going back to my work. I read on social media where I was being alleged of having joined the rebel that is not true. I will remain in the government.

You can reach the correspondent, Sebit Manyang Ajith, at


People digging a piece of land in Ayod county(Photo: via Gawaar Youth Forum)

People digging a piece of land in Ayod county(Photo: via Gawaar Youth Forum)

Nov 21, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Late Prophet Gony Yuot Chan was born around nineteen twenty eight at Pawarja, West of Haat Payam in Ayod County. He grew up at Haat where his parent came to build their resident. His father Yuot Chan Wangjak was from Bang Community (Chieng chie) but came to live with his in-law, Chiengper, Nyanuar Mut‘s ancestral kinsmen in Nyang Community. Yuot was married to many wives as Africans believed in having many children as source of wealth and protection.

Gony was tall and huge. He grew up faster than his age mates and couldn’t be challenged in a fight by his mate physically easily. He was initiated from childhood to adulthood during the year of Nyalang, a mad woman who used to said that her beautiful body could not be buried and fed on by ants instead should be eaten by human being. Nyalang’s dreams came to passed on a rainy day. As many were looking for shelter, she set a hat (luak) with goats in it on fire and ran into it(luak). The building burned on them into ashes. The residents came late for rescue but were lucky enough to have a ready meat to eat. They got busy eating not knowing that amongst the meat was Nyalang’s portion. They only discovered different bone which does not look like goats’ bone and came to know that it was Nyalang hers. The year was latter name after her as years were name after events those days. His age set is Guoluong. He was known as Bilyian after his Oxen.

As they were playing traditional dance as gentlemen, Gony jumped unusual jumped, as he landed, he told his friends and brothers that he was not feeling fine. He was taken home and the situation became worst. He was nurse without medical care for there was no hospital those days. There was no much to be done and everything was handed over to God to do his part. Gony mysteriously got healed. He began to do unusual things. They were at Nyalual a place near Haat Payam by then.

The spirit that possessed him came to be known as Deng as he explained himself through Bilyian the prophet. Deng’s primary responsibilities were to give rain, children to barren amongst others. He was there to help in time of trouble. Bilyian was the solutions point for many locals from far and close.

He got married to his first wife Nyapar Puoch Both and latter married forty eight others after her.

Gony sub-names his family as follows; Chieng-wuol, chieng-garang,chieng-buok, chieng-makuac,chieng-chak, chieng-biel and chieng-wieu amongst others.Gony dedicated forty eight of his wives to Deng under the above sub-name family. He married Nyaluak Thiep as his personal wife. The rest are Deng’s wives

Gony left Haat and built his resident at Belewich and Payowyow due to the flood that displaced the people around the river bank in nineteen sixties which caused massive migration amongst the Gawaar Community.

In nineteen sixties, Gai Tut a rebel by then charged him (Gony) with responsibility of solving cases which cannot be solved by the local chiefs. With the respect he had earned from the local communities around he was able to bring solutions to difficult cases.

In 1967, Wichar Luoth had a case with his in-laws and wanted to separate with his wife hence he was demanding his dowry back. He was given almost all his cows but was told by his in-laws not to take one of the cows. They told him that he will come to take it latter because they want to use its milk to feed his baby. He disagreed and they took the case to local chiefs. The chiefs judged in favor of his in-laws but he could not agree to that. When the case was brought to Gony, he sided with the chiefs’ verdict and ruled in their favor. Wichar left the area and followed Gai and his group. While with Gai,Wichar missed informed him about the case. He gave wrong information concerning the issue at hand.

Paul Awel, a Dinka who was a deputy to Gai said, he will go and look into the case and will try his best to get a better solution. While on his way to meet BILYIAN (Gony), Wichar told Paul that he will risk his life trying to solve what he will not solved. He instead advised Paul to killed Gony before Gony killed him. Paul agreed to carry out the planned assassination. The insiders who did not agreed to be part of the evil plan sent someone to informed Bilyian as early as possible.

Gony went into hiding to see what the soldiers will do at home but he was in the area. When Paul Awel arrived at Gony’s resident he did not find Gony at home which provoked him to beat everyone around including Yuot and Nyanuar the parent to Bilyian demanding the where about of the prophet. No one was ready to reveal his whereabouts which caused the commander to be more furious. He killed Gony brother-in-law and asked Gony’s parent to eat the cooked human meat which they turned down and asked the soldiers to eat it if it will please them to do so.

When Bilyian heard of this, he planned to leave for Haat on the others of the river where he grew up. On his way the soldiers followed him and this called for a massive resistance from Great Pulwaar communities. Gony declared war and with the help of Deng, the spirit it was not easy for the soldiers. They were defeated by the gallant forces of pulwaar. Gony and Chief Gatwech Diet got assistance from the national government. They got guns and ammunitions from the government since it was an opportunity for the government to deal with the rebels. They also collaborated with Maker Thijok Dol from Lou Nuer and Prophet Kun Thol from Gaguang, Jikany Nuer.

The gallant forces of pulwaar followed the rebels wherever they go. The rebels’ then killed some girls in a cold blood and claimed that it was Gony guards who did that. This provoked Prophet Ruei to fight back Bilyian on behave of the rebel when they pursuit him to fight Gony with intention of getting divine support from another prophet hence the war between Gony and Ruei.

Gony was latter arrest together with other Nuer prophets by the governments with influence from the integrated rebels who were their former foes. Gony with his colleague were humiliated and were taken to different prisons and courts across the nation. Many of his colleagues lost their lives in the process but Bilyian came home more victorious.

Due to harsh condition and unhealthy environment he lost his sight and could hardly hear. He talked to people through an interpreter after his released. When he came back home he told his sons to go to school and convert to Christianity if it please them to do so. But he and his wives were not ready to abandon their religion and convert to a new one. They were not ready to buy that idea under the sun as long as they live.

In this current crisis in South Sudan, Gony mourned the death of more than five sons who died fighting for freedom or in self-defend. He would have played a great role personally but was unable to get actively involve as he would have wishes due to his age and health condition. He was a veteran and a freedom fighter.

Prophet Gony Yuot Chan has a kind heart. A heart that extend helps even to the enemies. He was a father and a grandfather to all in his life time. He passed away on 11th/10/2014. Gony will be missed and remembered as a kind man who devoted his entire life on helping other. He was a symbol of unity and a role model to all who were with him.

He is survived by sons, daughters and grandchildren. He was a kind husband, father, grandfather, leader and above all a prophet just to mention but few. His memories will never die for generations to come. May his soul rest in eternal peace.

The profile of the late Prophet, Eng. Gony Yuot was compiled by his family for public used.


A person without Foreword Thinking is “war monger”

PART ONE: PAST and PRESENT situation created by the regime

By Aguer Rual, Australia

The former colonial districts that are current proposed to be states ...

The former colonial districts that are current proposed to be states …

1/ Political and cultural background of South Sudan

Nov 21, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The area now known as Sudan comprising of South and North areas has been colonised repeatedly for hundreds of years. Arabs occupied the region taking people and resources as they wished. Later, the British created a boundary separating the North from the South. This was primarily for the purposes of administration. The division suggested itself because the people of the North were predominantly Muslim and those in the South were not Muslim and there existed some strongholds of Christianity.

The Arabs entered Sudan in order to obtain slaves. Even after the British established a protectorate, the people of the North continued to enslave and mistreat the people of the South. The people of the North continued to try to convert people in the South to Islam, and to impose Arabic as the national language. In 1956, Sudan became independent from the British and from the Egyptians.

Just before Independence, a civil war broke out in Sudan. In 1953, an interim Government was established as a transitional government. The interim Government was one of the causes of the civil war as it did not provide for any autonomy for the people of the South. The people of South Sudan sought intervention from the British seeking a better government solution or independence as a separate country from the North. The British did not help. War commenced. This war continued, with 17 years old until peace agreement was signed in 1972. After a ten-year break, the second civil war broke out in 1983, until a cease-fire arrangement was signed in 2005. As part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, a referendum was held in 2011 to determine the future for South Sudan. The result of the referendum was overwhelmingly in favour of South Sudan becoming an independent country in its own right. The formal separation of South Sudan from Sudan occurred with effect from 1 July 2011.

The current problems in South Sudan have their origins in the past. This included the continued and repeated colonisation, the imposition of culture and language, the acts of slavery and oppression, and the fear, distrust and unrest left behind by the British by the way in which they left Sudan at the time of independence. Further, in 1966, a leader emerged in the rebels – ANYANY 1 – who created conflict between tribes of South Sudan. A fundamental rift was created between the peoples of the Dinka and Equatorian tribes. The divisions in the South also created divisions in the Sudanese People Liberation Army (“SPLA”) and the Sudanese Peoples Liberation Movement (“SPLM”). The history of Sudan is a story of conflict between North and South but also between tribes in the South.

Since the creation of South Sudan as a country in 2011, conflict has re-emerged. This is partly due to the reluctance of the North to relinquish the valuable Southern lands and resources. It is also partly due to the lack of resources available to the new country. Over an extensive time, the South Sudanese have been oppressed which has resulted in a passivity and an expectation that others will resolve problems. The people look to the new Government. The Government has lacked responsibility, direction and leadership. All of these factors have left South Sudan vulnerable to new episodes of conflict and unrest. Unfortunately, this is what we are now seeing. Thousands of people have died already in conflict in recent times.

The current Government of Sudan is the Kiir regime, which operates at three levels: local, state and national. At the national level, there are three arms of government: judiciary, parliament and executive.

South Sudan is being mismanaged by the Government. Political and tribal issues are causing conflict and violations of human rights. As conflict escalates, there are extrajudicial executions, atrocities, alleged war crimes and deaths.

2/ Unaccountability and corruption of the Government

Despite the referendum and the purported establishment of South Sudan, South Sudan has not settled into the accepted definition of a State or Nation. Recognition is one aspect. South Sudan is recognised. Some form of constitution is also required. South Sudan either has a dysfunctional constitution or the current Government does not adhere to the basics of the constitution that is there. As long as the constitution does not act to unite and provide direction to the new nation of South Sudan, a risk exists that nationhood will continue to elude South Sudan. A workable constitution must recognise and address the conflicts of the past.

South Sudan went from war to independence without a clear plan for the establishment of a viable nation. The Government of South Sudan’s officials are treating the country as if it were their own property, not as a sacred trust held for the citizens of the nation and the future citizens.


Salva Kiir (“the war monger”) formed the Government of South Sudan (“GOSS”) in July 2011. President Kiir dissolved the GOSS in June 2013. In a month later, the Secretary-General of the SPLM was placed under home arrest. He was considered a potential threat to the Kiir leadership because of his position as Secretary-General and his links to the late John Garang.

The Political Bureau (“PB”) of the SPLM had been constituted of the same officials since 2012. Since 2012, the PB had sought a meeting with Kiir as Chairperson of the SPLM to arrange a convention to confirm the future workings of the PB including the process for electing new PB officers. Kiir did not respond; the PB met without him and determined that an election would be held without his input.

Kiir spilled all the leadership positions in the SPLM in October 2013. His purpose was to purge the SPLM of close affiliates of the late John Garang and replace them with his own acolytes. The PB formed the view that Kiir was recruiting people on his own initiative to become members of the Party who would support his agenda. Ultimately, the Party degenerated into two factions: a faction under the leadership of Kiir and another under the leadership of Riek Machar. Although this wasn’t the initial division, it was gradually to a conflict between Nuer and Dinka.

The National Liberal Council (“General Assembly”) of SPLM held a convention on 14 December 2013. Its purpose was to prepare for elections in 2015 and to ensure that new leaders of the Party were elected rather than the current office holders being allowed to continue without challenge or authority from the wider South Sudanese community.
In November, Kiir attempted to instigate measures within the SPLA to ascertain loyalty within the ranks to his clique. Kiir had trained 15,000 soldiers, mostly from his own clan, to serve in his own personal interests and back him in his quest to retain leadership and power indefinitely. This militia army is called “Dot Ku Beny” and was not under the command of the General Chief of Staff of the SPLA. The Dot Ku Beny soldiers have a separate arsenal and are paid well.
On 15 December 2013, Kiir ordered Security to arrest the former Vice-President and first Vice-President of the SPLM, Dr Riek Machar, and senior SPLM members of the PB. This occurred after Riek Machar’s faction had held a media conference revealing the Party’s problems to the public and his supporters.

Fighting broke out on 15 December 2013. The Presidential Guard Commander of the Tiger Battalion (which is part of the national army) and Dot Ku Beny attempted to disarm Nuer soldiers who were under suspicion of disloyalty. Those soldiers refused to be disarmed. Riek Machar’s house was destroyed and all his bodyguards were killed immediately. Riek Machar escaped. The house of the Police Inspector-General, Pieng Deng Kuol, was also attacked and destroyed.
The Government disseminated a fiction about a coup attempt by Nuer soldiers based on their refusal to hand over their weapons. Kiir made a highly provocative speech in which he demonized Riek Machar, inciting a mood of retaliation for what he referred to as the 1991 incident. Riek Machar’s position at that point became untenable, and Nuer people, especially in Juba, were rendered vulnerable by association. However, Dinkas and members of other tribes who challenged Kiir’s leadership and actions were also targeted. Some were executed. Ethnic-based killings of civilians erupted in Juba.

Fighting then escalated and spread around the SPLA garrisons in all the ten States of South Sudan. Since then, what was initially tribal-based killing has developed into full-scale civil war.

On Tuesday, 17 December 2013, ten senior SPLM leaders of Riek Machar’s group were arrested and taken into custody. Kiir’s government has ordered the detainees to be investigated about their involvement in the alleged coup attempt and to establish their current status according to the findings of the Minister of Justice.


A) Fundamental structural change
1. A genuine constitution must be developed. In a robust constitution, the three arms of government (Parliament, Judiciary, and Executive) would be independent of each other. A constitution developed collaboratively could address the legacies of past conflict and provide means to ensure the equitable representation of all tribes, cultures and ethnicities co-existing in South Sudan.
2. Basic institutions must be established and maintained including:
• Finance and Economic Planning
• Department of Taxation
• Department of Transport and Main Roads
• Department of Health
• Department of Education
• Department of Defence
• Police and Security
• Judicial System

  1. Political processes and institutions must be conducive to genuine involvement and represenatin including provision for a party system. Special consideration must be made with the understanding that South Sudan is multi-ethnic and multi-tribal. This reality must be managed politically so that South Sudanese people’s loyalty is first directed nationally.
  2. Social and cultural transformation is needed. The Church is respected for its important influence in the country. Nevertheless, because of its multi-ethnic and multi-tribal composition, South Sudan must be secular. Divisions must be maintained between Church and State.
  3. Plans must be made and implemented to develop business, investment and trade.
  4. Civil society must be respected and recognised. Through the implementation of other aspects of the new governance and institutions, civil society can be developed and a sense of nationhood can be created in the people of South Sudan.
  5. Co-operative relations must be created regionally and internationally.

B) Government

South Sudan must implement an effective system of government that recognises and supports the federation of the ten States. Similar federal systems currently operate in Israel and New Zealand.

The model must include:

• The role of President. An office held for three years.
• The role of prime minister. An office held for four years.
• A division of responsibility, monitoring and accountability between the Presidency and the Parliament to bring political stability and security from unrest and prevent coup attempts. This will help the country progress on the path to peace and prosperity. Two systems provide checks and balances against corruption.

C) A reward System

South Sudan must develop, implement and maintain a process for rewarding war veterans. South Sudanese have struggled for more than 55 years for independence and political freedom. Those who have struggled for South Sudan now seem to be punished rather than rewarded for their role in achieving independence. The system could be similar to Australian War Veterans benefits. The eligibility for these benefits should extend to:

• Veterans including those from earlier campaigns (from 1947 onwards)
• Orphans and wives of deceased soldiers
• People who are now disabled due to involvement in war.

Benefits must include housing, income, health, education and work/business/trade opportunities.
Money and compensation could be financed from oil revenue.

D) External Relationships

South Sudan must develop strong bilateral relationships with the global community. The present crisis presents opportunities to build these relationships. South Sudan can benefit from bilateral relationships with the US, Australia, and Europe (diaspora countries) and with the Middle East, Asia, Russia, and other African countries. Establishing such relationships will help South Sudan build itself as a nation through opportunities for advice, support, scrutiny and accountability. Such relationships will help the growth of investment, trade, health services and education.

South Sudan is rich in oil and minerals. Attracting a diversity of countries to invest in South Sudan is important. Each country’s strengths can be used for the mutual benefit of the parties to the engagement.

E) Relations with Sudan and the Region

South Sudan must have a clear working partnership with Sudan. The current relationship that South Sudan has with Sudan is focused mainly on oil. These create border conflicts with violence.

Conflicts between Sudan and South Sudan have driven South Sudanese into surrounding countries, affecting South Sudan’s relationships with these countries.

South Sudan must repair its relationships with Uganda and Kenya. These relationships have been unnecessarily damaged by the recent incitement to violence by President Kiir, especially by his financing of Uganda’s attacks on South Sudanese soldiers and civilians.

South Sudan must rebuild harmony and unity among regions within its borders. There remains unrest and conflict in Darfur, the Beja area, the Blue Nile State, and the Nuba Mountains (collectively referred to as “SPLM/N”). The SPLM/N and Darfur are the most critical points of conflict.

South Sudan must approach President Bashir to assist in solving the problems in South Sudan and Sudan by allowing the people to determine their own fate. Actions that attack South Sudanese must cease to stop death, destruction and displacement. Peace, cooperation and compromise will ensure a good legacy for Bashir and for Sudan and for South Sudan.


The Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (“IGAD”), other mediators and peace supporters must recognise the importance of understanding the root causes of the current crisis and the need for a speedy resolution. Only if a genuine understanding is achieved can civil war be reined in.

The instigators of the current violence must be prevented from causing more deaths and instability and must be made fully accountable for their crimes against the people.

The international community must resist the accusations of blame which, if given any credence, may lead to the international community withdrawing and taking crucially needed help.

The international community must ensure that the South Sudanese people are informed and included in a peace process that works with the cultural hierarchies and norms.

Until faith and trust are restored, Ugandans and other African countries cannot participate in the mediating process.
Attempts should be made to stop weapons from reaching the parties involved in the conflict.

Kiir must release those held in detention following the recent alleged coup attempt. It is crucial that these people are not killed. They must be released immediately under the UN auspices. Any subsequent trials of these people are a clear violation of international human rights standards and would damage the morale of the South Sudanese people and the international reputation of South Sudan. Such trials would also open a case for the current regime to be placed under ICC scrutiny and brought to justice.

Oil revenue must be directed away from acquisition of weapons and redirected to nation building. An external body must be assigned the responsibility of removing and withholding such revenue until a solution is found. Some kind of continuing external scrutiny may be necessary.

The current beneficiaries recipients of revenue from oil and other South Sudanese commodities must be investigated. Trade in oil and other South Sudanese commodities must be based on fair standards that conform to international human rights standards. Those countries which have proved to be long-term supporters of South Sudan should be given priority regarding the development of the nation.

We propose that these recommendations be considered by potential members of the interim government in South Sudan and by international friends of South Sudan who are committed to its development as a viable and prosperous nation. When a new government is formed and peace is established, we recommend and request that the international community takes an active role to ensure South Sudan does not return to the situation in which it now finds itself.

By Aguer Rual email: