The Economic and Military Interests of the IGAD nations is not just in South Sudan in particular, but the Whole Sudan:

By Prof. CC. Khot Chuong,

Secretary General of the SPLM/A Youth League – IO QLD Chapter.

As demanded by the people of South Sudan the IGAD forces will be deployed as part of UNMISS mission with intention to protect the monistors and seperate the waring factions from engaging in more battles(photo: file)

As demanded by the people of South Sudan the IGAD forces will be deployed as part of UNMISS mission with intention to protect the monistors and seperate the waring factions from engaging in more battles(photo: file)

Sept 19, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — Going back to the history, the whole continent of Africa is known as  one of the richest continent on the faceless Earth in terms of natural resources; such as oils, iron ores, gold and diamonds, fish and lands & many more, but poor in Government, Authority and Control.

However, during the colonial eras, Sudan was identified although colonized not just the largest, but the only country that is the richest nation in terms of natural resources, and one of the most powerful nations in the whole continent of the Africans people in Government, Authority and Control. This powerfulness in Government, Authority and Control, was only found the most difficult to override in the GUN (Greater Upper Nile) regions by the colonials (Brinish) when the NFDK (Naath Federal Democratic Kingdom) coexisted. Meaning that the British who colonized Sudan had tried to govern, maintain authority and government control in the whole Sudan, but was found the most difficult to achieve in the GUN regions.

Therefore, the Economic interest of the IGAD nations is not just in South Sudan in particular, but the whole Sudan in order to destroy this powerfulness.

The Economic and Military interests of the IGAD nations on South Sudan Peace Talks:

The IGAD which came into an effect in 1996, came as a result after an assembly of heads of state and government In 1986 by the EAC (East Africans Community) where an agreement was signed, which officially launched the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD), then later became the IGAD was to function as a body for development and drought control in their region. These member states include:
•    Kenya;
•    Uganda; and
•    Rep. of Tanzania with its headquarters in Djibouti.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986. Hence, IGAD came to existence as a result of a Declaration to revitalize IGADD and expand cooperation among member States in April 1995 in Addis Ababa at the Assembly of Heads of State and Government.

Although the EAC’s objectives are to:
•    Promote joint development strategies and gradually harmonize macro-economic policies and programs in the social, technological and scientific fields; and
Sustainable development of natural resources and environment protection, and encourage and assist efforts of Member States to collectively combat drought and other natural and man-made disasters and their consequences.
Indeed the main aims and objectives of the IGAD countries are to destroy the powerfulness and destabilize the Sovereignty of the whole Sudan and, thus to control its natural resources through economical and militarily tactics of interests.

These economic and militarily tactics of  interests of IGAD nations were design to achieve their total successes through weak leaders and manipulation of the ring politicians in Sudan, since it is the only nation richest in all kind of natural resources, and with people of no nationalism first, but with exception of the GUN regions.
Therefore, the EAC whom are known as the IGAD aims to destabilize the Government, Authority and Control in the GUN regions through economical and political or military tactics of interests by delaying peace talks, in order to achieve their economical interests by using the weak leadership of Sava Kiir’s government to kill the Naath Populations in the GUN regions.

This article conclude that, the GUN regions, and the Sudan whole must go back to the history of colonial eras, in order to again gains governance, government authority and control whereby it can bring her nation into state of stabilization. In do so; the whole Sudan must withdraw its membership from the EAC or IGAD and stand still and alone as sovereignty state, and thus maintain her power and run her natural resources and affairs.

Therefore, Sudan as a whole must know that, the IGAD nations are not for lasting peace talks neither in the South Sudan, nor in the whole Sudan, but to destroy her powerfulness and destabilize it through political and militarily tactics in order for them (IGAD) to achieved their economical and militarily interests and to control her natural resources and government.

The author is a caching Prof. at the C. C. Inspiring Business & Life Coaching Enterprise Ltd and is a concern Sudanese nationalist over the South Sudan peace talks by IGAD, and he can be reached on: africananti-corruption@hotmail.com

South Sudan Economy will only recover when Dr. Riek Machar is given a chance.

By Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut,

Sept 19, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The seeds of mass discontent have been planted and it is our national duty as patriots to water these seeds with courage and sacrifice so that we can dismiss this government and build a new Federal Republic of South Sudan based on social justice and equity.

History shows us that revolutions occur in extractive political and economic systems that seek to suck the sweat and blood of the poor masses.

The French Revolution, the Glorious Revolution of England, The Russian Revolution and many others were as a result of an aristocracy that sought to live on the backs of the masses with a sense of unbridled entitlement.

They sought to own everything by decree, to dominate society politically and economically and had unreasonable demands and extravagant habits while shielding themselves and their families from the vagaries of hard work, sweat and pursuit of ambition.

Through this, they inadvertently planted the seeds of their own destruction and abhorrence by the masses – the chickens came home to roost as they always do.

South Sudan is faced with a similar conundrum where a government whose legitimacy remains questionable headed by a President who appears insensitive to the plight of the very masses whose vote he enjoys; a man who really should have resigned by now, but has chosen selfish ambition above that of the country.

South Sudan can rise again, but something has to give.

I cannot believe that Finance Minister Agrey Tisa Sabuni thinks that deduction and detention of people’s salaries will create a sustainable and viable economic system that can lead to social recovery in South Sudan.

The impact of further reduced disposable incomes will merely create an irreversible downside spiral of increased poverty and unemployment as people hold onto the little that they have. You cannot re-engineer this economy through taxes, but can only do so through fundamental structural and institutional change.

Most South Sudanese I have spoken to are sick and tired of SPLM-Juba faction and the way it treats them; the true citizens and owners of this country.

We are tired of the greed and corruption we see; the insensitivity of the President to our plight while he lives and behaves as if a king; the lack of conscience of all those around this regime’s leadership circles, its parasites and spies; we are tired of the arrogance, sense of entitlement, non-accountability, theft and abuse we have hitherto experienced. Enough is enough!

The raft of measures announced by Agrey Tisa Sabuni are penalizing poor South Sudanese to fund a government that is not accountable. That remains our fundamental challenge; no matter how much he may raise revenues through taxes, there are no fundamental structural measures announced that seek to put this economy on a recovery trajectory.

There are no measures to plug illicit revenue leakages and smuggling in the resources sector to attract more revenues to government.

There are no plans to cut government expenditures through better management and accountability in all government institutions especially State enterprises and this includes the President’s Office.

There are no plans to cut inflated salaries and benefits of government officials, local authorities and State enterprises so that we all live within our means as a country.

There are no plans for this government to buy local goods and services as a matter of policy especially when it comes to motor vehicles, but the minister expects everyone else to do so. The irony of it all being that the very next day after Sabuni’s fiscal statement, the President offers traditional chiefs “any car they wish for”.

Our main problem here is that there is no authenticity in the current leadership and it is quite obvious that they are now groping in the dark for quick-fix solutions to address the crisis we face.

There continues to be an arrogant denial of reality to deal with the hard issues, thus further postponing any likelihood of recovery.

We have to see this government also walking its talk if indeed things are tough, but it seems that in South Sudan there are two economies; one for the chefs that imports luxury goods and services, is above the law and survives through milking the masses and the other for the masses; that is informal, unstructured and survivalist and is continuously penalized through tax measures to increase revenues for the chefs to spend. That is a formula for disaster.

I keep saying that we need a government that manages through incentives and not through punitive measures especially now since we must revive local industry as a matter of priority.

The idea of increasing duties on imports or banning them before we have local production capacity does not work. It creates a parallel market that fuels inflationary pressures and corruption and does not create sustainable alternatives as required.

Another example is the fact that South Sudanese currently pay the highest prices for data and voice in the region; thanks to monopolies in that sector. Increasing communications costs stifles economic activity and further reduces government revenues in the medium term.

The South Sudan we want to create will see a government that is pro-business because a successful business sector is good for the government revenue and for everyone else. We will also give the responsibility of running this economy to people who have been in business and understand economics and not academics.

We must see a paradigm shift in government, but I am afraid that, as long as Salva Kiir is at the helm, that is not likely to happen; his narrative will continue to arrest our development and potential as a nation for a long time to come.

I have spoken my words……

May gods hear my voice…………

Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut is the current SPLMYL acting chairman in Egypt; get Him at sirirgabrielyiei3@gmail.com

Breaking: Fighting Resumes In Dolep Hill, Upper Nile State!

SPLA Soldiers in Unity State 2014(Photo: file)

SPLA Soldiers in Unity State 2014(Photo: file)

Sept 19, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — According to the latest reports from Dolep Hill, Upper Nile State, fighting has resumed this morning in Dolep Hill. The town was initially under control of allied troops of SPLA-Juba.

According to David Bol Kulang, whose brother was shot in the fighting, a break away faction from loyal forces have overrun the military garrisons in Dolep Hill this morning:

“Fighting started here this morning between government soldiers. One faction is defeated, and now going toward Malakal. No one knows the number of casualties yet but my brother has sustained a wound.” Bol said.

Bol believes that the fighting was instigated by suspicion among the loyal forces. While the SPLA remain alert on both sides, loyal forces within SPLA-Juba suspected a conspiracy ploy within the ranks of allied loyal forces.

“Three day ago Salva Kiir soldiers from Bahr el Ghazal started interrogating the Nuer SPLA members because they are told they have been communicating with the white army” Bol Said.

The source reiterated that the suspicion inflicted fear among the soldiers for the last few days. More than 5 soldiers have been arrested on Wednesday night and taken to unknown destination as speculations build on.

Report from Canal, an area under the SPLA-IO forces, alleged that a communication is established between the break away faction in Dolep Hill as a retaliatory attack from Malakal is anticipated.

In other reports the Chief of Staff for SPLA-Juba forces, Paul Malong Awan, has arrived at Paloch oil fields to coordinate an attempt to retake the strategic towns of Gong Baar, Dupduk and Jarbani, which felt under SPLA-IO forces during the recent fighting near Renk.

Juba believes that the oil fields are not secure if the anti-government forces continue to occupy the outskirts of strategic town of Renk.

South Sudan ban of all foreign workers; is this the beginning of a new era?

By Onyi Itara, SOUTH SUDAN,

Opinion.

Cropped by Radio Tamazuj.

Cropped by Radio Tamazuj.

Sept 19, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The author has not for a long while put a pen on paper. If one asks, why? The cheap answer is that no news has caught him the way the above did, full stop.

The government communiqué that came as a-surprise-not was let out of the bag on Tuesday this week by a government official [as reported by one, social media]. It went, “all non-governmental organizations, private companies, banks, insurance companies, telecommunications companies, [oil] petroleum companies, hotel and lodges working in South Sudan are directed to notify all the aliens working with them in all the positions to cease working as from 15th October .“

Only one wonders why at this time when from the beginning of time the Salvatore Kiir led-government has been underestimating the effect of hosting troops of foreign workers on the country’s development. Her job-thirsty citizens [with good education] roam in-and-out the streets of Juba looking for jobs only to be told that their education, skills & experience is equal to toying with A,B,C,D without [it] keying in an eagle eye only to surface at this very painful time in the history of South Sudan. Must the author say shame or kudos to the government? He thinks both ways!

The author shouts shame to the government for having to allow the foreigners to work [in big numbers] in the country in the first place & without check. This is an abomination of the highest order, and having to remain tight-lipped until Tuesday 16th September from 2005 says it all. Need an explanation here, our government!

On the other hand, the author would love to shout “Kudos!” to the same government of South Sudan headed by HE Salvatore Kiir for taking this painful but fruitful decision that will see her citizens get jobs everywhere and be able to contribute to the country’s development in different ways. It has been long overdue. South Sudanese job-hunters are abused by these foreign workers in ways the author cannot write here. It is difficult to imagine.

Let them pack and go [otherwise impose high taxes on them & restrict their visas] work where they came from with their untested education/skills and experience. Why did they come here if their education/skills & experience are sky-high? Are not they needed in their economically-bog-down-countries? Here they come pretending that they work for the peoples of South Sudan when in actual sense they do not. All the good things they [thieves & robbers etc] get in the country are repatriated back! What a pressing issue!

Though you [the government] seemed to have rescinded the ban, let us hope you continue pressing this thieves hard in ways available. The level of reactions [-] we have seen from the fellow East Africans [on the different social media] shows the level of their parasitic-nature in the country. They have used our country as a job-getting-ground, a dumping ground for school-drop-outs who bought/buy papers from streets in Uganda, Nairobi, UK etc. To build this fact, President Kaguta Museveni at one point advised Ugandans to have a reason to be happy. As ‘in the Independence of South Sudan has helped Uganda rid themselves of thieves [jobless] all over the country [also refer to Arua Park]. That all [who used to glitter there] have gone to the South Sudan. Look at this really my fellow citizens! These countries do not want South Sudan to develop and get hold of her-self. It is absurd.

We have got to change and make bold decisions otherwise! That is why some of us have written a thousand times that TOTAL PEACE will return to South Sudan if we internally sit and find the right solutions. Otherwise hanging on IGAD neck will do & bring nothing to us. In fact someone could not be wronged to have to speculate that the Dec 15th 2013 Crisis in the country must have been instigated by these East African & European countries so that they continue to loot the country off its coffers!

Summon all the non-governmental organizations and the companies etc to register afresh [as per the working-conditions] with the Labor Ministry, together with their workers [national and internationals], their positions together with the qualifications, Nationality Cards better known as jinsia, and Birth Certificates verified/vetted by a trusted-panel without much-ado. This time round, they have to kneel before you. Amen, enough is enough!

This ban has to begin to live beyond October 15th 2014, credit be given when is due. Our Kiir-led Government deserves a round of applause, the rescission albeit! Citizens have always been waiting for this bold undertaking. IS THIS THE BEGINNING OF A NEW ERA? Give it the POWER of TIME.

The author lives in South Sudan. Kick him hard at onyi.itara@gmail.com

IGAD mediate South Sudan transitional Government of national unity could be Imbalance

part (1)

By Angelo Akech Dengdit,

Opinion.

An extraordinary session of the IGAD heads of states meeting in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 10 June 2014 (IGAD photo)

An extraordinary session of the IGAD heads of states meeting in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 10 June 2014 (IGAD photo)

Sept 19, 2014( Nyamilepedia) — I just can not understand the political category in which IGAD put SPLM-IO interm of power sharing in TGNU,given the fact that SPLM-IO has gone so far in making suprise demand of 70% in power sharing.Apparently,SPLM-IO alliance FPD or G10+ has come out with their demand of 25% which is bigger than their number arethimatically. In 2005,when CPA was signed in Naivasha Kenya between Khartoum government and SPLM.there was no existing of selfishness and power struggle,both parties were concerning about how peace should come to the country.

The power sharing protocol or chapter 2 in brief read as follows;A government of national unity is to be formed,there shall be decentralize system of governance granting more powers to individual states.Positions in the state government are to be split 70%:30% in favor of NCP in northern states(20% for other northern political
parties and 10% for SPLM) and 70%:30% in favor of SPLM in southern states(15% for other northern political parties and 15% for NCP).

That agreement also suggested that abicameral national legislature will be established;Assembly will comprise of specific percentages(NCP 52%,SPLM 28%,other northern political parties 14% and other southern political parties 6%) when I compare that agreement(CPA) with current agreement,the issue of power sharing is very wild especially on the side of SPLM-IO which is separate political party from SPLM in term of power sharing and at the same time,they are lost members of SPLM who will return back to SPLM later.

In total,70% of SPLM-IO and 25% of FPD or G10+ will make the total of 95%,Leaving only 5% to the government which is compose of SPLM and 15+ political parties. I did not heard one day anyone questioning Riek Machar whether SPLM-IO will be separate political party from SPLM or not.If it will be separate political party,why and how do they want it to hold 70% of power in the country where there more than 20 political parties? Could that be the political reform that Riek talk about? Is that an absolute way in which our country will achieve everlasting peace?

If Riek believe that SPLM-IO is temporary organization which will later remain in Addis or bush and he will be back to SPLM since it is tradition of Riek in all his political organization that he forms,How can one party (SPLM which they believe they will regain their membership in it)hold 98% in the government where there are many political party? Will that tactic of power struggle not be imitated by other members of SPLM,by adding any English letters of their choice to SPLM,such as SPLM-DC,SPLM-IO,SPLM-FPD and name them?

>>To be continued….

The author is Angelo Akech Dengdit,concerned South Sudanese student currently living in Juba.He can be reach at Akechdengdit@gmail.com or call him live on +211924071556.

South Sudan: U.S. Sanctioned More SPLA Generals.

 

The Military Governor of Unity State, Peter Gatdet Yak and his counterpart, Maj. Gen. James Koang Chuol showing off their weapons after defeating government forces in Unity state(Photo: supplied)

The Military Governor of Unity State, Peter Gatdet Yak and his counterpart, Maj. Gen. James Koang Chuol posting for a picture after defeating government forces in Unity state(Photo: supplied)

Sept 18, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — U.S Department of Treasury adds Maj. Gen. Koang Chuol Ranley, the former Military Governor of Unity State for SPLA/SPLM-IO and Maj. Gen. Santino Deng Wol, the third division commander for SPLA/SPLM-Juba.

“CHUOL, James Koang (a.k.a. CHOL, James Koang; a.k.a. CHUAL, James Koang; a.k.a. RANLEY, James KoangChol; a.k.a. RANLEY, KoangChuol); DOB 1961; Passport R00012098 (South Sudan); Major General (individual) [SOUTH SUDAN].” Reads the statement

“WOL, Santino Deng (a.k.a. KUOL, Santino Deng; a.k.a. WUOL, Santino Deng); DOB 09 Nov 1962; Major General; Sudan People’s Liberation Army Third Division Commander (individual) [SOUTH SUDAN].” The statement concludes.

The third division commander, Santino Deng Wol, was sanctioned in July by the European Union for violating cessation of hostile by attacking the Unity state capital, Bentiu, in May for SPLA loyal forces.

Maj. Gen. Koang Chuol, the overall commander of Division 4, defected the government in December and declared loyalty to the country’s former vice president, Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

U.S. has sanctioned Maj. Gen. Peter Gatdet Yak and presidential guard commander , Marial Chanuong, in the past. Gatdet has also been sanctioned by the European Union.

The sanctions, which have very little effects on the army generals, are expected to curl behaviors of the warring parties; however, war has dragged on in most parts of Greater Upper Nile.

The sanctions imposed as peace talks resume in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, would serve as a red flag to IGAD to impose its own sanctions or “punitive actions” on the South Sudanese warring parties.

The IGAD countries, however, are still reconsidering taking any such measures as they may impact the whole region.

Sanctioning either the country or individuals would negatively affect the IGAD member states.

South Sudan became a booming industry, dominated by the IGAD countries, for the last few years.

Banking, hotels and most of the private sectors, owned by foreigners from IGAD member states have reported high profit margin amid a deadly conflict that has displaced more than 1.3 millions South Sudanese.

Many South Sudanese, including the army Generals bank, rent, shop and educate their families in Eastern Africa. Some generals and politicians own luxuries homes in various parts of Nairobi, Kampala and Addis Ababa.

The regional sanctions are expected to be more effective than the U.S, E.U and U.N sanctions combined; however, such acts would negatively affect the economies of the IGAD members’ states.

As witnessed in the recent reaction to expelling foreigners from South Sudan, any poorly imposed measures would cause similar frustration in the region.

On the other hand, IGAD mediators, supported by the TROIKA (U.S. U.K, and Norway), are reconsidering “punitive actions”, however, the Ethiopian Prime Minister has warned of a possible regional war earlier this year.

IGAD countries are divided over South Sudan for economic and political reasons. While some countries allegedly support rebels, others are fighting alongside Salva Kiir loyal forces.

In other reports the British Minister for Africa James Doddridge urged that, “The region should now take steps to apply sanctions against those who do not abide by their commitments. The UN Security Council should also take action soon.”

President Obama Announced His Intent To Nominate Phee As New U.S Ambassador to South Sudan

Mary Catherine Phee, (Photo credits: HED)

Mary Catherine Phee, Obama’s choice for South Sudan U.S. Embassy (Photo credits: HED)

Sept 18, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — The president of United States, Barack Obama, has announced his intent to nominate Mary Catherine Phee as the new U.S. Ambassador to war-torn South Sudan.

Mary Catherine Phee is currently the Chief of Staff at the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, a position she served since 2014.

Ms. Phee, a career member of the Foreign Service, has previously served as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between 2011 to 2014.

According to U.S. Embassy report, Ms. Phee has served as a Regional Affairs coordinator at the U.S. Embassy in Rome, Itall from 2008 to 2009. Furthermor, Ms. Phee has served as Counselor for Political Affairs at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations from 2005 to 2008.

Ms. Phee was Special Assistant to the Secretary’s Senior Advisor on Iraq at DOS in 2005. She served as Desk Officer for United Nations Political Affairs in the International Organizations Bureau in 2003 and again from 2004 to 2005 and from 2003 to 2004, she served as Senior Civilian Representative of the Coalition Provisional Authority to Maysan Province in al-Amarah, Iraq.

Ms. Phee was a Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy in 2002. She previously served at U.S. Missions in Kuwait City, Kuwait; Cairo, Egypt; and Amman, Jordan, and was a Desk Officer for Iran Affairs at DOS. Before joining the Foreign Service, she was Deputy Press Secretary to Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan.

Ms. Phee received a B.A. from Indiana University and an M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University

  • Courtesy of U.S. Embassy in South Sudan.