The Paradox of the Policies of Obama Administration in South Sudan
By Peter A. O. Necding,
Dec 30, 2016(Nyamilepedia) —– The cruel war in South Sudan, which erupted in December 2013 had produced many paradoxes both internally and internationally. However, the resumption of the devastating war in July 2016 has demystified the fine line between diplomacy and delusion in our region and the world at large. Therefore, nowadays the people of South Sudan are witnessing in shocking disbelief the malicious drama of the political falsehood or hypocrisy, which was manufactured in Juba and blessed in Washington by the Obama Administration!!
As it is well Known, the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCISS) August 2015 was brokered and imposed on the two warring parties by IGAD-PLUS, which includes Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, South Africa, Algeria, Chad, Nigeria and Rwanda. In addition, other countries and organisations including the Troika (US, Britain, Norway), African Union (AU) and United Nations (UN), signed the Agreement as guarantors. All these countries and organisations vowed to support the implementation of the ARCISS and threatened to punish and impose sanctions on any warring party, which does not comply with it.
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Perhaps, some people could have assumed that Gen. Salva Kiir and his group were not sure about the success of their risky plot with Taban Deng Gai to kill Dr. Riek Machar and dismantle SPLM/A IO due to the Regional and International dimensions of ARCISS. After all, the violation of the Peace Agreement by Gen. Salva Kiir in July 2016, was a direct humiliation to IGAD-PLUS, which brokered the Peace Agreement and the guarantors mainly the TROIKA, who did not only promise to punish the spoilers of the Peace Agreement, but many senior officials from Obama Administration were instrumental in pressurizing Dr. Riak Machar to go to Juba with a very small military force under the pretext of the implementation of the Peace Agreement.
Sarcastically, the paradoxes of the dirty politics became obvious in the reaction of some countries especially the Obama Administration to the events, which took place in Juba in July 2016 vis-à-vis the actions of Gen. Salva Kiir who used tanks, helicopter gunships and thousands of troops to drive out from Juba the pillar of the Peace Agreement Dr. Riek Machar. This savage conspiracy by Salva Kiir against the Agreement should have been a tool for Obama Administration to use its strategy of ‘carrots and sticks’ to rescue the Peace Agreement and save the suffering people of South Sudan.
It is irony that Mr. John Kerry could not hesitate to make himself a laughing stock, when he jumped into his plane to fly to Nairobi in order to declare that the appointment of Taban Deng Gai was legal!! What a cruel big joke? Is it legal to conspire against the other Peace partner? Who would have imagined that the Obama Administration will ignore its role as a guarantor of the Peace Agreement and condone the blatant violations of the Peace Agreement by Gen. Salva Kiir and his group? Did the government of USA allow itself to be bullied by the regime of Salva Kiir for the sake of their interests in the region? Unfortunately, the Obama Administration did not only succumb to the falsehood and deception, but decided to bully some IGAD countries to bless the conspiracy against the Peace Agreement, which was orchestrated and executed on a broad daylight by President Salva Kiir and his group!!
In this context, the biggest paradox was the decision of the Obama Administration to support the so-called implementation of the Peace Agreement by President Salva Kiir and Taban Deng Gai after the failure of the plot to kill Dr. Riek Machar Teny. In other words, the Obama Administration and its satellites decided to endorse the conspiracy against the Peace Agreement, instead of supporting the call of the SPLM IO for the resuscitation of the ARCISS! Indeed, these strange policies can provoke several questions including: What about the credibility of USA as a guarantor of ARCISS? And who would trust the USA or IGAD-PLUS, if they can allow Gen. Salva Kiir and his group to violate the Peace Agreement with impunity?
Even worst, some leaders of IGAD, who were poisoned by the policies of Obama Administration are abandoning the Peace Agreement, which they brokered and are shamelessly employing themselves as agents to implement the policies of the government of Salva Kiir including the isolation of Dr. Riek Machar and kidnapping or deportation of Mr. James Gatdet Dak!! Certainly, one question, which begs answer here will be: What happened to the resolutions of the second IGAD – PLUS extra-ordinary Summit on the situation in the Republic of South Sudan of 5/8/2016, which demanded that Dr. Riek Machar must reclaim his position as First Vice President?
However, the hypocrisy and the fallacies were laid naked in less than two months, when Obama Administration was shocked by the UN warnings of the looming genocide being planned by the regime, which is claiming to implement the Peace Agreement!! Yet, it seems that the Obama Administration has not learned from their past mistakes in double standard policies!! As a reaction to the situation in South Sudan, the Obama Administration presented a proposal to the UN Security Council to impose arms embargo on South Sudan with targeted sanctions against Dr. Riek Machar, Paul Malong and Michael Makuey as peace spoilers! In its proposal to support the case for the sanctions, the Obama Administration accused Paul Malong of trying to kill Dr. Riek Machar in July 2016. At the same time, Dr. Riek Machar who was the victim is accused of being a peace spoiler!! Is Dr. Riak Machar who was attacked by Paul Malong really a peace spoiler? Perhaps, the only logical answer in this dilemma is that Dr. Riak Machar became a peace spoiler, because the heroes of the SPLA IO did not allow the conspirators to kill him! Is it not another paradox from the Obama Administration? How could they solve the war in South Sudan by targeting Dr. Riek Machar while ignoring the actions of President Salva Kiir and Gen. Taban Deng Gai?
As a matter of fact, a lot of people might be still scratching their heads with a heap of questions such as: How can the Obama Administration support the obvious conspiracy of Kiir and Taban against the Peace Agreement and condone their deceptive policies? These manipulative policies were recently exposed and confirmed by Mr. Ban Ki Moon, the outgoing UN Secretary General in one of his articles by saying: “President Salva Kiir has pursued an ethnically-based strategy to suppress dissent, muzzle the media, exclude significant South Sudanese actors in the peace process and unilaterally implement an agreement to reach elections”. Putting this catastrophic plans in perspective, someone may be obliged to ask questions such as: Can the IGAD countries, which are now trying to exclude Dr. Riek Machar and the other opposition leaders bring genuine peace to South Sudan? And how many lives would have been saved, if Obama Administration were to adopt the policy of resuscitating the Peace Agreement since July 2016?
In conclusion, it was a disgrace for the Obama Administration to turn a blind eye and deaf ears to all the crimes and violations of the Peace Agreement, which were committed by President Salva Kiir and his group. Those crimes are well documented by the reports of UN Panel of Experts and many other Human Rights Organizations. As a result, it has become too little, too late for the Obama Administration to reverse those policies and their negative impact in the region. This sad scenario was clearly stated by the outgoing Secretary General Ban Ki-moon when he said “Yet while the people of South Sudan suffer, the Security Council and the region stand divided. This has merely allowed time to mobilize resources to continue the slaughter.” Therefore, it is high time for the USA to abandon the awkward paradoxical policies of the Obama Administration, which are in stark contrast to the initial positions of IGAD, AU and UN Security Council, which stated that the actions of the government of Salva Kiir were inconsistent with the Peace Agreement.